Logarithmic Schrödinger equation

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In theoretical physics, the logarithmic Schrödinger equation (sometimes abbreviated as LNSE or LogSE) is one of the nonlinear modifications of Schrödinger's equation. It is a classical wave equation with applications to extensions of quantum mechanics,[1] quantum optics,[2] nuclear physics,[3][4] transport and diffusion phenomena,[5][6] open quantum systems and information theory,[7][8][9][10][11][12] effective quantum gravity and physical vacuum models[13][14][15][16] and theory of superfluidity and Bose–Einstein condensation.[17] Its relativistic version (with D'Alembertian instead of Laplacian and first-order time derivative) was first proposed by G. Rosen.[18] It is an example of an integrable model.

The equation[edit]

The logarithmic Schrödinger equation is the partial differential equation. In mathematics and mathematical physics one often uses its dimensionless form:

for the complex-valued function ψ = ψ(x, t) of the particles position vector x = (x, y, z) at time t, and

is the Laplacian of ψ in Cartesian coordinates.

The relativistic version of this equation can be obtained by replacing the derivative operator with the D'Alembertian, similarly to the Klein–Gordon equation.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ I. Bialynicki-Birula and J. Mycielski, Annals of Physics 100, 62 (1976); Commun. Math. Phys. 44, 129 (1975); Phys. Scripta 20, 539 (1979).
  2. ^ H. Buljan, A. Šiber, M. Soljačić, T. Schwartz, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. E 68, 036607 (2003).
  3. ^ E. F. Hefter, Phys. Rev. A 32, 1201 (1985).
  4. ^ V. G. Kartavenko, K. A. Gridnev and W. Greiner, Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 7 (1998) 287.
  5. ^ S. De Martino, M. Falanga, C. Godano and G. Lauro, Europhys. Lett. 63, 472 (2003); S. De Martino and G. Lauro, in: Proceed. 12th Conference on WASCOM, 2003.
  6. ^ T. Hansson, D. Anderson, and M. Lisak, Phys. Rev. A 80, 033819 (2009).
  7. ^ K. Yasue, Quantum mechanics of nonconservative systems, Annals of Physics 114 (1978) 479.
  8. ^ N. A. Lemos, Phys. Lett. A 78 (1980) 239.
  9. ^ J. D. Brasher, Nonlinear wave mechanics, information theory, and thermodynamics, Int. J. Theor. Phys. 30 (1991) 979.
  10. ^ D. Schuch, Phys. Rev. A 55, 935 (1997).
  11. ^ M. P. Davidson, Nuov. Cim. B 116 (2001) 1291.
  12. ^ J. L. Lopez, Phys. Rev. E. 69 (2004) 026110.
  13. ^ K. G. Zloshchastiev, Logarithmic nonlinearity in theories of quantum gravity: Origin of time and observational consequences, Grav. Cosmol. 16 (2010) 288–297 ArXiv:0906.4282.
  14. ^ K. G. Zloshchastiev, Vacuum Cherenkov effect in logarithmic nonlinear quantum theory, Phys. Lett. A 375 (2011) 2305–2308 ArXiv:1003.0657.
  15. ^ K. G. Zloshchastiev, Spontaneous symmetry breaking and mass generation as built-in phenomena in logarithmic nonlinear quantum theory, Acta Phys. Polon. B 42 (2011) 261–292 ArXiv:0912.4139.
  16. ^ Scott, T.C.; Zhang, Xiangdong; Mann, Robert; Fee, G.J. (2016). "Canonical reduction for dilatonic gravity in 3 + 1 dimensions". Physical Review D. 93 (8): 084017. arXiv:1605.03431Freely accessible. Bibcode:2016PhRvD..93h4017S. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.084017. 
  17. ^ A. V. Avdeenkov and K.G. Zloshchastiev, Quantum Bose liquids with logarithmic nonlinearity: Self-sustainability and emergence of spatial extent, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44 (2011) 195303 ArXiv:1108.0847.
  18. ^ G. Rosen, Phys. Rev. 183 (1969) 1186.

External links[edit]