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The Renaissance three-storey arcade loggia of the City Hall in Poznań, Poland served representative and communication purposes.
Villa Godi by Palladio. The portico is the focal point in the center with loggias used at each side of the structure as a corridor.

In architecture, a loggia (/ˈl(i)ə/ LOH-j(ee-)ə, usually UK: /ˈlɒ(i)ə/ LOJ-(ee-)ə, Italian: [ˈlɔddʒa]) is a covered exterior gallery or corridor, usually on an upper level, but sometimes on the ground level of a building. The corridor is open to the elements because its outer wall is only partial, with the upper part usually supported by a series of columns or arches.[1] An overhanging loggia may be supported by a baldresca.[2]

From the early Middle Ages, nearly every Italian comune had an open arched loggia in its main square, which served as a "symbol of communal justice and government and as a stage for civic ceremony".[3]

In Italian architecture, a loggia is also a small garden structure or house built on the roof of a residence, open on one or more sides, to enjoy cooling winds and the view.[4] They were especially popular in the 17th century and are prominent in Rome and Bologna, Italy.

Definition of the Roman loggia

Loggia Valmarana in Vicenza, Italy, by Palladio, UNESCO

The main difference between a loggia and a portico is the role within the functional layout of the building. The portico allows entrance to the inside from the exterior and can be found on vernacular and small scale buildings. Thus, it is found mainly on noble residences and public buildings. A classic use of both is that represented in the mosaics of Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo of the Royal Palace.

Loggias differ from verandas in that they are more architectural and, in form, are part of the main edifice in which they are located, while verandas are roofed structures attached on the outside of the main building.[5][6] A "double loggia" occurs when a loggia is located on an upper floor level above a loggia on the floor beneath.



See also



  1. ^ John Fleming, Hugh Honour and Nikolaus Pevsner, The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture, p. 200, 3rd edn, 1980, Penguin, ISBN 0140510133
  2. ^ Alamán, Ana Pano (2020). The Language of Art and Cultural Heritage: A Plurilingual and Digital Perspective. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-5275-4798-8. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  3. ^ Ackerman, James S. (1966). Palladio. Harmondsworth: Penguin. p. 120. ISBN 9780140208450.
  4. ^ John Fleming, Hugh Honour and Nikolaus Pevsner, The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture, p. 200, 3rd edn, 1980, Penguin, ISBN 0140510133
  5. ^ "Definition of Loggia". Lexic.us. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  6. ^ "Veranda". Merriam-Webster Disctionary Online. Retrieved on 2014-10-24.
  7. ^ Vasilakis, Antonis. Phaistos. Vasilis Kouvidis – Vasilis Manouras Editions, Iraklio, p. 118 ISBN 960-86623-6-2


  • The dictionary definition of loggia at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Loggias at Wikimedia Commons