Logone Occidental Region

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Coordinates: 8°34′N 16°05′E / 8.567°N 16.083°E / 8.567; 16.083

Logone Occidental
Region
Bruecke ueber den Schari-Fluss.jpg
Map of Chad showing Logone Occidental.
Map of Chad showing Logone Occidental.
Country Chad
Departments 4
Sub-prefectures 21
Regional capital Moundou
Government
 • Governor Mbaingonadji Beure (2010)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 683,293

Logone Occidental is one of the 23 regions of Chad and its capital is Moundou. It consists of the former Logone Occidental Prefecture.

Per the census of 2009, the total population in the region was 683,293,[1] 51.50 per cent females. The total number of households was 132,349: 99,255 in rural areas and 33,094 in urban areas. The number of nomads in the region was 54, 0.01 per cent of the total population.

Geography[edit]

Chad has a general elevation of 240 m (790 ft) in Lake Chad Depression towards Guera massif located at an elevation of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) and eastwards towards mountaineous Saharan region of 3,350 m (10,990 ft). The only rivers in the country of importance are Chari and Logone, flowing into Lake Chad. The region receives an annual rainfall of 1,200 mm (47 in) and has Savannah woodland region. There is significant amount of petroleum reserves in the southern portions of the country, having signs of economic potential. There are also significant proportion of gold for commercial exploitation in the regions.[2]

Demographics[edit]

A woman in the province

Per the census of 2009, the total population in the region was 683,293, 51.50 per cent female. The average size of household as of 2009 was 5.20: 5.20 in rural households and 4.90 in urban areas. The number of households was 132,349: 99,255 in rural areas and 33,094 in urban areas. The number of nomads in the region was 54, 0.01 per cent of the population. There were 682,235 people residing in private households. There were 299,305 over 18 years of age: 138,679 male and 160,626 female. The sex ratio was 94.00 females for every hundred males. There were 683,239 sedentary staff, 6.30 of the population. The Ngambai ethnic group represent more than the 90% of the territory's population. [3] Logone Occidental is one of the 23 regions of Chad and has the Head Post Office of the region is located in the capital. As of 2015, internet and telephone were limited and post was the primary mode of communication.[4]

Administration[edit]

The region of Logone Occidental is divided into four departments, namely, Dodjé (capital Beinamar), Guéni (capital Krim Krim), Lac Wey (capital Moundou) and Ngourkosso (capital Benoye). Chad became independent in 1961 from the French Colonial Empire. On account of ensuing political instability and local civil wars, it continued as a one party democracy till 1991, while other parties were also allowed. All the powers rested centrally with the President.[5] As a part of decentralization in February 2003, the country is administratively split into regions, departments, municipalities and rural communities. The prefectures which were originally 14 in number were re-designated in 17 regions. The regions are administered by Governors appointed by the President. The Prefects, who originally held the responsibility of the 14 prefects, still retained the titles and were responsible for the administration of smaller departments in each region. The members of local assemblies are elected every six years, while the executive organs are elected every three years.[6] As of 2016, there are totally 23 regions in Chad, which are divided based on population and administrative convenience.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law, Gwillim. "Regions of Chad". Statoids. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Hilling, David (2004). "Chad - Physical and Social Geography". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 218. ISBN 9781857431834. 
  3. ^ "Census of Chad". National Institute of Statistical, Economic and Demographic Studies, Chad. 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  4. ^ Falola, Toyin; Jean-Jacques, Daniel (2015). Africa: An Encyclopedia of Culture and Society [3 volumes]: An Encyclopedia of Culture and Society. ABC-CLIO. p. 251. ISBN 9781598846669. 
  5. ^ "Chad profile - Timeline". BBC. 2 August 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ Republic of Chad Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 9. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  7. ^ Chad district map (PDF) (Report). Department of Field Support,Cartographic Section, United Nations. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 

External links[edit]