Logroño

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For the town in Ecuador, see Logroño, Ecuador.
Logroño
Skyline of Logroño
Flag of Logroño
Flag
Official seal of Logroño
Seal
Logroño is located in La Rioja (Spain)
Logroño
Logroño
Location of Logroño within La Rioja
Coordinates: 42°27′54″N 2°26′44″W / 42.46500°N 2.44556°W / 42.46500; -2.44556Coordinates: 42°27′54″N 2°26′44″W / 42.46500°N 2.44556°W / 42.46500; -2.44556
Country Spain
Autonomous community La Rioja
Comarca Rioja Media
Government
 • Mayor Concepción Gamarra (PP)
Area
 • City 79.57 km2 (30.72 sq mi)
Elevation 384 m (1,260 ft)
Population (2008)
 • City 153,736
 • Density 1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 197,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CET (UTC+2)
Website http://www.logro-o.org
336 km (209 mi) to Madrid; Fuero given in 1095

Logroño (Spanish pronunciation: [loˈɣɾoɲo]) is a city in northern Spain, on the Ebro River. It is the capital of the autonomous community and province of La Rioja.

The population of the city in 2008 was 153,736 while the metropolitan area included nearly 197,000 inhabitants. The city is a centre of the trade in Rioja wine, for which the area is noted, and also produces wood, metal, and textile products.

Geography[edit]

Logroño is located in the northern region of La Rioja, on the river Ebro, 384 metres (1,260 feet) above sea level. The Camino de Santiago passes through the city. The geographical coordinates of the city are: 42° 27′ N, 2° 29′ W.

The city lies 152 km (94 mi) from Bilbao, 172 km (107 mi) from Zaragoza, 336 km (209 mi) from Madrid and 468 km (291 mi) from Barcelona.

Climate[edit]

The weather in Logroño —mostly due to its peculiar location, both in terms of distance to the Atlantic coast and in the situation along the course of the Ebro river, is characterized by values ranging from those typically found in temperate oceanic climates to the warmer and drier ones observed in southeastern mediterranean regions of the river's valley. The average annual temperature is 13.9 °C (57 °F).[1][2] Although much infrequent, unusually low temperatures during the winter can drop to −5 °C (23 °F), and as low as −10 °C (14 °F); while daily high averages may exceptionally exceed the mark of 35 °C (95 °F) in a particularly hot summer. The average annual precipitation is about 400 mm (15.75 in), regularly spread over the whole year: from 20 mm (0.79 in)–25 mm (0.98 in) in drier periods to the 45 mm (1.77 in)-50 mm (1.97 in) range in the rainiest.[2]

Climate data for Logroño
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
27.6
(81.7)
31.2
(88.2)
37.6
(99.7)
40.6
(105.1)
42.8
(109)
40.6
(105.1)
39.0
(102.2)
31.4
(88.5)
27.4
(81.3)
21.4
(70.5)
42.8
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
17.8
(64)
22.0
(71.6)
26.9
(80.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.8
(78.4)
20.1
(68.2)
13.8
(56.8)
10.2
(50.4)
19.5
(67.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.2
(45)
10.2
(50.4)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.1
(68.2)
22.8
(73)
22.7
(72.9)
19.3
(66.7)
14.7
(58.5)
9.5
(49.1)
6.5
(43.7)
13.9
(57)
Average low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.4
(36.3)
4.6
(40.3)
6.3
(43.3)
9.7
(49.5)
13.3
(55.9)
15.6
(60.1)
15.6
(60.1)
12.9
(55.2)
9.2
(48.6)
5.3
(41.5)
2.8
(37)
8.3
(46.9)
Record low °C (°F) −11.6
(11.1)
−9.6
(14.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
0.6
(33.1)
4.8
(40.6)
7.2
(45)
6.2
(43.2)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−11.6
(11.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
23
(0.91)
26
(1.02)
46
(1.81)
47
(1.85)
44
(1.73)
30
(1.18)
21
(0.83)
26
(1.02)
37
(1.46)
40
(1.57)
38
(1.5)
405
(15.94)
Average relative humidity (%) 78 72 65 64 62 57 55 58 64 72 77 80 67
Mean monthly sunshine hours 105 133 189 198 225 270 312 285 220 164 113 93 2,305
Source: AEMET[2][3]

History[edit]

Puente de Piedra.

Logroño was an old settlement, first of the Romans, under the name of Vareia, [4] a commercial port, and then of the Celts[dubious ]. From the 10th century, possession of Logroño was disputed between the kings of Navarre and those of Castile; the region was finally annexed to Castile. The name is a combination of le and Groin, mashed together as Logroño over time. Alfonso VI of Castile granted Logroño in 1095 a charter of rights that served as a model for other Spanish cities. In 1609 and 1610 Logroño was the main seat of the Basque witch trials, part of the Spanish Inquisition.

Famous people from Logroño include Manuel Bretón de los Herreros, Fausto Elhúyar, Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, Rafael Azcona, Ramón Castroviejo, Pedro J. Ramírez, Navarrete "El Mudo".

Economy[edit]

Con-catedral de Santa María de la Redonda.

Logroño is the shopping and financial capital of La Rioja. Its economy is heavily reliant on wine. It is twinned with Dunfermline, Darmstadt, Libourne, Dax, Rancagua, Ciudad de La Rioja, Brescia, Hagunia. The new airport Logroño-Agoncillo connects the city with Madrid and Barcelona.

Food[edit]

There are over 50 taperías (tapas restaurants) located within a four-block area near the town center. The traditional tapas restaurants often serve only one tapa [such as seta (mushroom), served as pincho - pintxo in Basque - meaning one serving, or media ración ("half portion"), a small plate of tapas], but offer the Rioja D.O..

Places of interest[edit]

Façade of Parliament of La Rioja in Logroño.
  • Con-Catedral de Santa María de la Redonda
  • Iglesia (Church) de San Bartolomé
  • Iglesia de Santiago
  • Iglesia de Palacio
  • Museo de La Rioja
  • Parlamento de La Rioja, an old factory of the tabacalera, the national tobacco company.
  • Muralla del Revellín
  • Fuente (Fountain) de la Gran Vía in which royal figures with a connection to either Logroño or La Rioja are represented in bronze. Because the figures are placed looking towards the public and so large torrents of water pour down behind them, the fountain is commonly known as the one with "wet backs".
  • Peña Bajenza, a massive rock formation which can be seen from the town.
Santa María de Palacio Church.

Recreation (plazas and parks)[edit]

  • Paseo del Príncipe de Vergara (El Espolón): Located in the financial center of the capital and positioned in the center by the statue of General Espartero.
  • Town Square: Located on the Avenue of Peace, the modern Town Hall of Logroño, designed by architect Rafael Moneo, is in a large plaza where in years past it has seen numerous public acts, festivals, expositions, concerts, and in the last few years, during Christmas, a life size reconstruction of the nativity scene.
  • Carmen Park: Located near the bus station, this park is one of the most beautiful of the city with its variety of flora and fauna including several ducks and birds.
One of the Palaces of Espolón.
  • Plaza del Mercado: Located somewhere near Calle Portales, one of the most famous avenues of the city, at the foot of the Round Cathedral. This is where the nightly festivals of Logroño occur, near Calle Mayor (Marqués de San Nicolas Street).
  • Parque del Ebro: Located near the Ebro, an extensive park full of vegetation ideal for relaxing. Also has a bike path traversing through the park.
  • Parque de la Ribera: Next to Parque del Ebro, recently constructed. Here many gardens are found alongside the Plaza de Toros de la Ribera. Also: Riojaforum. Palacio de Congresos y Auditorio de La Rioja
  • Parque de San Miguel
Parque del Ebro.

Social life[edit]

Calle del Laurel, known as "the path of the elephants" and Calle San Juan are typical streets where various restaurants and tapas bars offer some of the best pinchos and tapas in northern Spain. Calle Portales is the main street in the old town, where people like to walk and sit in the terraces to eat a meal or drink wine. Calle Marqués de San Nicolás (otherwise known as Calle Mayor) is the main area where people spend weekend nights.

Broadcasting stations[edit]

Southwest of Logroño, at 42°26'34"N 2°30'43"W, there is a mediumwave broadcasting station with a transmission power of 20 kW. There may exist a longwave transmitter with 300 metres tall masts at Logroño with 300 metres tall masts transmitting RNE Todo Noticias on 207 kHz.

Sports[edit]

Triple jumper Carlota Castrejana is from the city. David Lopez Moreno, the Brighton & Hove Albion midfielder is from Logroño.

Festivals and traditions[edit]

The patron saint of Logroño is Santa María de la Esperanza.

The most important festivals are:

  • San Bernabé (Saint Barnabas), celebrated on June 11, commemorating the victory and resistance of Logroño against French invaders under Francis I that besieged the city in May and June 1521. During this celebration, fried trout is typically served by the Fish Brotherhood, along with bread and wine, allegedly the only foodstuffs available in Logroño during the siege.
  • San Mateo, celebrated between September 20 and September 26. Since 2006 the celebrations start the Saturday before September 21 (the day of Saint Matthew) and last for a week.

During the first week of January there is a cultural festival known as "ACTUAL" with music, theater and art.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns—sister cities[edit]

Logroño is twinned with:

Logroño is associated with:

Transport[edit]

The city is served by the new Logroño railway station.

In popular culture[edit]

In the 4th season of the HBO television series True Blood, the witch Antonia is from Logroño. She refers to herself as Antonia Gavilan de Logroño.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weather in Logroño". Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Standard Climate Values for Logroño". Agencia Estatal de Meteorología. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Extreme Climate Values for Logroño". Agencia Estatal de Meteorología. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Keay, S., R. Mathisen, H. Sivan, R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 246729 (Vareia?)". Pleiades. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften und Internationales". Büro für Städtepartnerschaften und internationale Beziehungen (in German). Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  6. ^ http://www.larioja.com/multimedia/fotos/local/62327-actos-aniversario-hermanamiento-entre-logrono-0.html
  7. ^ A-Z Twinning and Networking (. Accessed 2010-11-02.)
  8. ^ http://www.xn--logroo-0wa.es/wps/portal/web/inicio/unidadesMunicipales/relacionesInstitucionales/ciudadesHermanadas/hagunia/!ut/p/c5/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os3hTF98Af293QwN_DwtzA0-zUH-LQB-vIBN3A6B8pFl8oLlpKFjewsfS1cAzJDDY0NkxwMDA1JwY3QY4gKMBAd1e-lHpOflJQFeGg9yNU61_iBGavLuHuYWBZ2CgsauTr7eBm5E5RB6fP0DyeFzq55Gfm6pfkBsaURnsmWXiqKgIAOW08ns!/dl3/d3/L2dJQSEvUUt3QS9ZQnZ3LzZfUTc1VU9LRzEwR1BNMDBBNDRDVDdITTFFQjU!/?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/web_es/logrono/unidadesMunicipales/relacionesInstitucionales/ciudadesHermanadas/hagunia/Hagunia
  9. ^ http://www.xn--logroo-0wa.es/wps/portal/web/inicio/unidadesMunicipales/relacionesInstitucionales/ciudadesHermanadas/libourne/!ut/p/c4/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os_hAc9NQf293QwP3AF8DA0cTE-cQcw9fQ1c_Q_2CbEdFANvKphQ!/?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=
  10. ^ http://www.xn--logroo-0wa.es/wps/portal/web/inicio/unidadesMunicipales/relacionesInstitucionales/ciudadesHermanadas/rancagua/!ut/p/c5/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os3hTF98Af293QwN_DwtzA0-zUH-LQB-vIBN3A6B8pFl8oLlpKFjewsfS1cAzJDDY0NkxwMDA1JwY3QY4gKMBAd1e-lHpOflJQFeGg9yNU61_iBGavLuHuYWBZ2CgsauTr7eBm5E5RB6fP0DyeFzq55Gfm6pfkBsaURnsmWXiqKgIAOW08ns!/dl3/d3/L2dJQSEvUUt3QS9ZQnZ3LzZfUTc1VU9LRzEwR1BNMDBBNDRDVDdITTFFRjY!/?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/web_es/logrono/unidadesMunicipales/relacionesInstitucionales/ciudadesHermanadas/rancagua/Rancagua
  11. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]