Loire 102

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Loire 102
Loire 102.jpg
Role Mail plane flying boat
Manufacturer Loire
First flight 12 May 1936
Retired 1938
Produced 1

The Loire 102 was a 1930s French flying boat designed as a mail plane by Loire Aviation.

Development[edit]

The Loire 102 was designed to operate as a mailplane on the South Atlantic route between West Africa and Brazil. The prototype (registered F-AOVV and named Bretagne) first flew on 12 May 1936. It was a flying boat with a two step hull on top was a superstructure with a control cabin and crew compartments. In the forward hull was a cabin for four passengers, and to the rear were holds for mail, baggage and other cargo. It had a high braced wing on top of the wing was four Hispano-Suiza 12Xirs in tandem pairs (in tractor/pusher configuration). It originally had twin vertical tail surfaces but these were replaced with a single large fin and rudder. The aircraft had severe vibration problems which could not be fixed and Bretagne was scrapped in 1938 without going into service.

Specifications[edit]

Loire 102 3-view drawing from L'Aerophile July 1936

Data from Grey 1972, p. 104c

General characteristics

  • Crew: 4
  • Capacity: 4 passengers and cargo
  • Length: 23 m (75 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 34 m (111 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 6.95 m (22 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 125 m2 (1,350 sq ft) the struts provided another 12 m2 of lifting surface
  • Empty weight: 9,600 kg (21,164 lb)
  • Gross weight: 18,100 kg (39,904 lb) normal loaded
  • Max takeoff weight: 18,500 kg (40,786 lb)
  • Powerplant: 4 × Hispano-Suiza 12Xirs water-cooled V12 engine, 540 kW (720 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 310 km/h (190 mph, 170 kn) at 3,000 m (9,845 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 250 km/h (160 mph, 130 kn) at 4,000 m (13,120 ft) and 55% power
  • Service ceiling: 6,000 m (20,000 ft)
  • Wing loading: 135 kg/m2 (28 lb/sq ft)

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

  • Grey, C.G. (1972). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938. London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-5734-4.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985). Orbis Publishing. p. 2378.