Loiu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Loiu
Municipality
Flag of Loiu
Flag
Coat of arms of Loiu
Coat of arms
Loiu is located in Basque Country
Loiu
Loiu
Location of Loiu within the Basque Country
Coordinates: 43°18′53″N 2°56′20″W / 43.31472°N 2.93889°W / 43.31472; -2.93889Coordinates: 43°18′53″N 2°56′20″W / 43.31472°N 2.93889°W / 43.31472; -2.93889
Country Spain
Autonomous community Basque Country
Province Biscay
Comarca Greater Bilbao
Area
 • Total 15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 2,388
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Basque: loiutarra
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 48180
Website Official website

Loiu (Spanish: Lujua) is a town and municipality located in the province of Biscay, in the autonomous community of Basque Country, northern Spain.

Priests' houses in Zabaloetxe.

The new Bilbao Airport terminal has been built the municipality limits.

Geography[edit]

It is located in Asua Valley, between Derio in the east part and Erandio in the west part.

Composition[edit]

A big part of the population is dispersed around country farmhouses (called baserri or caseríos). The main neighbourhood is Zabaloetxe, where the church is located. Other urban areas are Elochelerri (in Basque Elotxelerri), in the way to Asua Valey (BI-637), next to the airport, and Lauros (Lauro).

Airport[edit]

Zabaloetxe and the airport.

After the last expansion of Bilbao Airport, many of its facilities, including the passengers' terminal are located within the municipality of Lujua.

Toponym[edit]

In Euskera, the town is called Loiu officially. In Spanish, the town is called Lujua.

The old name of this town was Luxua, but it was converted into Spanish after the phonetic evolution of x/j (around XVII century) in Lujua (the same as Xerez -> Jerez).[citation needed]

In Euskera, the phonetic evolution of the toponym was different, when the -a final was lost, evolve the phonema x in a different way to the Spanish language y, and the variation of the tonic syllable lu for lo. That is Luxu(a) -> Lu(x)u -> L(u)iu -> Loiu. Euskaltzaindia adopted Loiu as the formal denomination of the name.[citation needed] Liou adopted its official name in 1983.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]