Loja, Granada

Coordinates: 37°10′N 04°9′W / 37.167°N 4.150°W / 37.167; -4.150
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Bell Tower of the Church of the Incarnation.
Bell Tower of the Church of the Incarnation.
Flag of Loja
Coat of arms of Loja
Flower among thorns[1]
Loja is located in Province of Granada
Location in the Province of Granada
Loja is located in Andalusia
Location in Andalusia
Loja is located in Spain
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 37°10′N 04°9′W / 37.167°N 4.150°W / 37.167; -4.150
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
Judicial districtLoja
Founded9th century BC
 • MayorFrancisco Joaquín Camacho Borrego (2011) (PP)
 • Total454.7 km2 (175.6 sq mi)
448 m (1,470 ft)
 • Total20,371
 • Density45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code

Loja (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈloxa]), formerly Loxa,[3] is a town in southern Spain, situated at the western limit of the province of Granada. It is in the valley of the River Genil,[3] overlooked by the so-called Sierra de Loja, of which the highest peak, Sierra Gorda, stands 1,671 metres above sea-level.


Loja has sometimes been identified with the ancient Ilipula, or with the Lacibi (Lacibis) of Pliny and Ptolemy.[3] It is unknown when Loja was first captured by the Moors; most likely this happened in the 8th century. It first clearly emerges in the Arab chronicles of the year 890.[3]


It was taken by Ferdinand III of Castile in 1226, but was soon afterwards abandoned.[3]

As part of the Granada War, Loja was attacked in 1486 by Christian forces under Ferdinand and Isabella. These soldiers included some Englishmen commanded by Sir Edward Woodville.[4][5] The victorious Spanish allowed the Muslim population to leave for Granada. The town's Moorish name, Medina Lawša, was changed to Lauxa. Isabella called it the "flower among thorns".[1] In 1491 work began on the Church of the Incarnation on the site of the town's main mosque.


19th century[edit]

The town was the centre of the Loja uprising in 1861, led by local Rafael Pérez del Álamo [es], that was quickly suppressed.

In the 1870s a railway train arrived in the area linking Bobadilla and Granada.

Main sights[edit]

The town's Islamic heritage is still evident in the quarter of the Alcazaba, a Moorish fortress of which most of the walls and towers remain.

Other sights include:

  • Convent of Santa Clara (16th century)
  • Convento of St. Francis of Assisi, including a 16th-century cloister
  • Church of the Incarnation, the main church which was begun in Mudéjar style at the end of the 15th century
  • Church of San Gabriel (16th century)
  • Church of Santa Catalina (16th-17th century)
  • Church of N.tra S.ra Virgen de la Caridad (16th century)
  • Hermitages of Jesus Nazareno, san Roque, and Calvario, 16th century chapels and sanctuaries
  • Caseron de los Alcaides Cristianos (17th century)
  • Palacio de Narvaez (17th century)
  • Fuente de la Mora ("Fountain of the Moorish maiden"), also known as los venticinco canos, a fountain where waters from different springs are made to flow from twenty-five tubes.
View of La Loja


  1. ^ a b "Loja".
  2. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Loja" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ Delgado (2021). "Un guiri inglés en la Toma de Loja" (in Spanish).
  5. ^ Lawrence DR. Christopher Wilkins. The Last Knight Errant: Sir Edward Woodville and the Age of Chivalry. London: I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd., 2010. xxii 234 pp. index. append. illus. bibl. £25. ISBN 978-1-84885-149-8. Renaissance Quarterly. 2010;63(2):631-633. doi:10.1086/655286


  • Days in the Sun by Martin Andersen Nexo (1929)