Lojze Peterle

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Lojze Peterle
MEP
Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP debates on EU Constitution - Paris 8-9 March 2005 (20).jpg
Member of the European Parliament
Assumed office
1 July 2004
Constituency Slovenia
Prime Minister of Slovenia
In office
16 May 1990 – 14 May 1992
President Milan Kučan
Deputy
Preceded by Dušan Šinigoj
Succeeded by Janez Drnovšek
Leader of the Christian Democrats
In office
19 January 1990 – 14 April 2000
Deputy Jože Mencinger
Preceded by New office
Succeeded by Office abolished
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
7 June 2000 – 30 November 2000
Prime Minister Andrej Bajuk
Preceded by Dimitrij Rupel
Succeeded by Dimitrij Rupel
In office
25 January 1993 – 31 October 1994
Prime Minister Janez Drnovšek
Preceded by Dimitrij Rupel
Succeeded by Zoran Thaler
Member of the National Assembly
In office
22 June 1996 – 1 July 2004
Personal details
Born Alojz Lojze Peterle
(1948-07-05) 5 July 1948 (age 68)
Čužnja Vas, Yugoslavia
(now Slovenia)
Political party  Slovene
New Slovenia
 EU
European People's Party
Other political
affiliations
Christian Democrats (Before 2000)
People’s Party (2000)
Alma mater University of Ljubljana
Website www.peterle.eu

Alojz "Lojze" Peterle (born 5 July 1948) is a Slovenian politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Slovenia. He is a member of New Slovenia, part of the European People's Party. He served as Prime Minister of Slovenia from 1990 to 1992, Leader of the Christian Democrats from the founding of the party in 1990 until it merged with the Slovenian People's Party in 2000 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1993 to 1994 and 2000. He was a Member of the National Assembly from 1996 to 2004.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Lojze Peterle was born to a peasant family in the Lower Carniolan village of Čužnja vas near Trebnje. He attended the Novo Mesto Grammar School. In 1967, he enrolled in the University of Ljubljana, where he studied history and geography, and later also economy. During his student years, he started collaborating with the Christian left intellectual circle around the journal Revija 2000.

In the 1980s, Peterle started working at the Institute for Urban planning of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. In the mid-1980s, he was involved in several projects of trans-regional cooperation within the Alpe-Adria regional cooperation network.

Political career[edit]

Leader of the Christian Democrats, 1990–2000[edit]

In 1990, he was elected president of the newly founded Slovene Christian Democrats.

Peterle became prime minister of Slovenia in May 1990 after parliamentary elections of April 1990 won by the DEMOS coalition (which included Christian Democrats and was created in the opposition to the Communist rule). In 1991, the DEMOS-led Slovene Parliament declared the country's independence from Yugoslavia, in compliance with the result of a referendum held in December the previous year. He served as prime minister until May 1992, when due to an internal crisis in the DEMOS coalition, a new coalition government under Janez Drnovšek was established by a constructive vote of no confidence. In the elections of 1992, the Christian Democrats gained some support and became the second largest party in a highly fragmented National Assembly, after the Liberal Democratic Party. The Christian Democrats entered a cross-party coalition with the Liberal Democrats and the United List of Social Democrats (former Communist Party of Slovenia) under the leadership of Janez Drnovšek.

Peterle served as deputy prime minister and foreign minister from January 1993 until October 1994. Tensions were deep in the coalition, however, and Peterle resigned from his posts in 1994 when Drnovšek nominated Jožef Školč, a member of his own Liberal Democratic Party, to be speaker of Parliament, against the wishes of Peterle who believed that a Christian Democrat should be the speaker. The Christian Democrats did remain in the coalition, which was often divided over specific policy issues. In 1996, Peterle called for the dismissal of foreign minister Zoran Thaler because of his belief that Thaler did not do enough to help Slovenia's relations with Italy.

In the 1996 elections, Peterle's party suffered a decisive defeat, losing popular support to the other two centre-right parties, the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia and the Slovene People's Party, that had remained in the opposition and had criticised what they called a "unprincipled coalition between Christian Democracy and former Communists".

Between 1996 and 2000, the Christian Democrats remained in opposition, and Peterle's leadership was frequently challenged by different fractions within the party. He nevertheless managed to remain the chairman of the Party until 2000, when the Christian Democrats merged with the Slovenian People's Party, which had until then supported Janez Drnovšek's third term as Prime Minister. As a consequence, Drnovšek's government fell in 2000, and Peterle became foreign minister again in the short-lived centre-right government of Andrej Bajuk from June 2000 to November 2000.

After the elections of 2000[edit]

Due to a disagreement over the election legislation, Peterle left the Slovene People's Party shortly after its unification with the Christian Democrats and joined the newly founded New Slovenia – Christian People's Party. In the elections of 2000, both of Slovenia's conservative and christian democratic parties suffered a defeat against Drnovšek's Liberal Democracy of Slovenia, while the Slovenian Social Democratic Party assumed the undisputed leadership of the centre-right opposition.

Member of the European Parliament, 2003–present[edit]

In 2002, Peterle became the 13th member of the steering committee of the Convention on the Future of Europe, which drafted the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.[2]

In the 2004 elections to the European Parliament, Peterle was elected for New Slovenia, as a member of the European People's Party (EPP). In March 2006, he was elected as Vice President of the European People's Party for a three-year term after recovering from cancer in April 2003.

Since entering the European Parliament, Peterle has been serving on the Committee on Foreign Affairs. He was also a member of the Subcommittee on Human Rights from 2004 until 2009.

In addition to his committee assignments, Peterle has been chairing the parliament's delegation to the EU-former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Joint Parliamentary Committee since 2014. He previously served on the delegations for relations with the countries of Southeast Asia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (2004-2009), to the EU-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee (2009-2014), to the EU-Croatia Joint Parliamentary Committee (2009-2013) and for relations with Japan (2013-2014).

In November 2006, Peterle announced that he would be running for President of Slovenia in the 2007 presidential election. Backed by most of the centre-right government,[3] he was considered the front-runner before the first round of the election, but ultimately lost in a landslide to Danilo Türk in the second round.

He is a founder and current President of the group MEPs Against Cancer (MAC).

In September 2016, Peterle joined more than 50 MEPs from six different political groups – including Christofer Fjellner, Ashley Fox, Vicky Ford and Beatrix von Storch – in signing a proposal for a two-term limit of the President of the European Parliament. This move was widely seen as an effort to prevent incumbent Martin Schulz from holding onto the presidency for a third consecutive term.[4]

Other activities[edit]

Peterle is president of the Slovenian beekeepers association and hosted the 2003 Apimondia beekeepers congress in Ljubljana.[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Dušan Šinigoj
as Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
Prime Minister of Slovenia
1990–1992
Succeeded by
Janez Drnovšek
Preceded by
Dimitrij Rupel
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Zoran Thaler
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2000
Succeeded by
Dimitrij Rupel
Party political offices
Preceded by
Peter Kovačič Peršin
President of the Christian Democrats
1989–2000
Position abolished