Lok Janshakti Party
|Parliamentary Chairperson||Chirag Paswan|
|Lok Sabha leader||Chirag Paswan|
|Founder||Ram Vilas Paswan|
|Founded||28 November 2000|
|Split from||Janata Dal (United)|
|Headquarters||Intekhab Subhani, 12, Janpath, New Delhi, India|
|Youth wing||Yuva Lok Janshakti Party|
|Labour wing||Janshakti Mazdoor Sabha|
|Colours||Blue, red and green|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||National Democratic Alliance (2000—2003, 2014-present)|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
6 / 543
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
0 / 245
|Seats in Bihar Legislative Assembly|
1 / 243
|Seats in Manipur Legislative Assembly|
1 / 60
|Number of states and union territories in government|
1 / 31
The Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) is a state political party in the state of Bihar, India. It was led by late Ram Vilas Paswan. The party was formed in 2000 when Paswan split from Janata Dal (United). The party has considerable following amongst Dalits in Bihar. The party was a member of the National Democratic Alliance. Actor turned politician Chirag Paswan is the party president.
In 2000, late Ram Vilas Paswan formed the Lok Janshakti Party as its president. Along with Paswan his brother, Ram Chandra Paswan, Capt. Jai Narain Prasad Nishad and Ramesh Jigajinagi also joined the party.
LJP contested the polls in alliance with the Indian National Congress and the Rashtriya Janata Dal and won four Lok Sabha seats. Ram Vilas Paswan remained a Union Minister in Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers and Ministry of Steel.
In the 2005 Bihar assembly polls held in February the party contested in alliance with the Congress and against the RJD and won 29 assembly seats. However no alliance could secure majority and party refused to give support to any alliance to form the Government. There were rumours that certain party MLAs were ready to defect to JD(U) allowing the formation of an NDA Government. In a controversial episode, President's rule was imposed in the State and after a few months Bihar's state assembly was dissolved. Elections were again held in October month in which NDA came to power with a thumping majority with Nitish Kumar as the Chief Minister. Party had fielded its candidates in 203 seats of which party could win only 10 seats.
The party contested the 2009 Lok Sabha General elections in an alliance called fourth front which constituted of the Rashtriya Janata Dal, Lok Janshakti Party and the Samajwadi Party. This move proved to be disastrous, since LJP couldn't win a single seat, and RJD were reduced to 4 seats in the Lok Sabha. After the election Laloo Prasad Yadav, admitted that it was a mistake to leave the UPA, and gave unconditional support to Manmohan Singh and the newly formed UPA government.
Jan Morcha the party founded by former Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap Singh was merged with the LJP in March 2009. Jan Morcha president Ajeya Pratap Singh, son of Vishwanath Pratap Singh, was immediately appointed as a senior LJP functionary.
On the more disastrous side LJP suffered a major jolt when, its entire Jharkhand Unit merged with the Congress before the 2009 elections citing that Paswan had ignored them. Paswan then announced the dissolution of party's Jharkhand Unit.
In 2010 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, the party had contested in an alliance with Rashtriya Janata Dal. However party could secure only 6.75% votes winning only 3 seats which was 7 less than the previous elections in 2006.
In August 2011, there were claims made by the Speaker of the Bihar Legislative Assembly that the party had merged with JD(U) as 2 of the 3 MLAs of the party had joined JD(U). However the party had denied any such move.
On 27 February 2014, Lok Janshakti Party officially announced it re-entering the National Democratic Alliance led by Bharatiya Janata Party, after a gap of 12 years. It contested on 7 Lok Sabha seats from Bihar in 2014 Indian general election.
LJP won 6 of the 7 seats it contested including Ram Vilas Paswan and his son Chirag Paswan. Ram Vilas Paswan resigned from his Rajya Sabha seat. He was also made Minister for Food and Civil Supplies in the NDA government that came to power on 26 May 2014.
In 2015 Bihar Legislative Assembly election, the party contested in an alliance with BJP-led National Democratic Alliance. It contested 40 seats out of 243 in the assembly. It won only two seats, one less than the last election in 2010.
2020 Bihar Assembly Elections
After the entry of Lok Janshakti Party in National Democratic Alliance in 2014. the NDA's principal parties in Bihar namely LJP , Bharatiya Janata Party and Rashtriya Lok Samta Party had contested against the JDU - Rashtriya Janata Dal-Indian National Congress Mahagathbandhan alliance in 2015 and further until 2020 Bihar Assembly Election. On the question of seat sharing for the 2020 Assembly elections, the LJP under the presidency of Chirag Paswan decided to quit NDA and fight on 143 Assembly seats alone . This turned out to be the single most important reason for the poor electoral performance of JD(U) led by Nitish Kumar. The Quint reported, if LJP would have formed a pre poll alliance with BJP. National Democratic Alliance would have won additional 38 more seats.
The parliamentary committee of LJP however decided to support BJP in and outside the state with the number of seats they win in the state while contesting solely . The move as per party leadership was to oppose JD (U) while allying with the BJP . The way for the party was not though easy as it was to face a number of coalitions and political parties which were contesting in the elections with their support bases .
- "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
- Yadav stalled rapproachement, says Paswan
- Paswan launches party
- Janata Dal(U) splits
- "Rameshwar Prasad & Ors Versus Union of India & Anr". Supreme Court of India. Retrieved 24 January 2006.
- "Bihar comes under President's rule". The Hindu. 7 March 2005. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "Governor recommends President's rule in Bihar". Rediff. 6 March 2005. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Parsai, Gargi (7 March 2009). "Jan Morcha merges with LJP". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "LJP's Jharkhand unit merges with Congress". The Hindu. 1 April 2009. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- "LJP denies merger with ruling JD-U in Bihar". Dainik Bhaskar. 13 August 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- "Paswan returns to NDA, formally announces alliance with BJP". Times of India. 27 February 2014.
- "Lok Janshakti Party to contest Bihar assembly polls alone". hindustan times. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- Nov 10, TIMESOFINDIA COM | Updated:; 2020; Ist, 18:12. "Explained: Bihar election results in 10 points | Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 Election News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 November 2020.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- Menon, Aditya. "Bihar Results: Chirag Paswan's LJP May Have Cost NDA 39 Seats". Quint. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
- "LJP won't contest assembly polls under Nitish Kumar's leadership in Bihar". Times of India. Retrieved 5 October 2020.