Lokmanya Tilak Terminus
|Indian Railway terminus|
New terminal building at LTT
|Location||Pipeline Road, Kurla, Mumbai, Maharashtra|
|Elevation||7 metres (23 ft)|
|Owned by||Indian Railways|
|Operated by||Central Railway zone|
|Connections||Taxi Stand, Prepaid Auto service|
|Structure type||Standard on-ground station|
|Zone(s)||Central Railway zone|
|Previous names||Kurla Terminus|
Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (also known by its former name Kurla Terminus, station code: LTT), is a railhead and a major railway terminus in the Kurla suburb of Mumbai, India. LTT is managed by the Central Railway. The Kurla and Tilak Nagar suburban railway stations are located nearby. It is one of five the railway termini within Mumbai, the others being Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, Dadar on the Central Line, and Mumbai Central and Bandra Terminus on the Western Line.
In 1996, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) approved a proposal to rename the Kurla Terminus station after Lokmanya Tilak, a popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement, and forwarded it to the Union Government through the Government of Maharashtra. Then Union Home Minister, Lal Krishna Advani approved the proposal in 1999, at the request of Ram Naik, the then Minister of State of Railway. After the decision was announced, Gurudas Kamat, the Lok Sabha member from Mumbai North-East, met L. K. Advani and submitted a memorandum asking that the terminus be renamed after Babasaheb Ambedkar.
In 2003, Central Railway (CR) decided to expand LTT to take on more rail traffic, as the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) had reached its saturation point, and was unable to handle any more express trains. In 2006, the Mumbai division of CR cleared the designs for construction of a swanky station complex to replace the dilapidated terminus complex. The new station complex design was prepared by the architect P. K. Das. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) also agreed to construct a ramp from LTT to the flyover to be built nearby, as part of the Santa Cruz – Chembur link road (SCLR). The revamped LTT was inaugurated on 16 April 2013 by Railway Minister Pawan Kumar Bansal. The revamp of the terminus took 3 years. The new station complex was built on 50,000 sq metre land and has a 3,300 sq metre concourse.
In October 2012, CR announced plans to cease long distance train services at Dadar Terminus within 5–6 years. The load would be transferred to LTT by upgrading the number of platforms at LTT from 5 to 12. CR plans to introduce connectivity with other modes of transport as well as build a mall, multi-storey parking, escalators, restaurants, food courts, better signage and indicators, budget hotels and an aesthetically pleasing exterior and interior. The project will be implemented on public-private partnership (PPP) mode and is expected to cost ₹50–60 billion. The project will be executed by the Railway Land Development Authority on the 20 acres of land that CR possess around LTT.
LTT is located in middle of two suburban railway stations, Tilak Nagar and Kurla, on the Harbour Line. It is easily accessible through Tilak Nagar railway station as a direct overhead bridge is made to LTT from Tilak Nagar. A share rickshaw service is available from Kurla railway station to LTT via level crossing. Average opening of the level crossing gate is 20 minutes.
Central Railway (CR) completed installation of a rainwater harvesting system at LTT in October 2012. The system cost ₹1 million (US$14,000) and will conserve 700,000 litres of water, which is approximately 40% of the station's daily water requirement. The rainwater harvesting project will help in percolation of water into the subsoil, which will reduce flooding in the vicinity during monsoon. The project involved constructing a 2 km trench and filling it with crushed stones.
- Busy Kurla terminus to get bigger, Mumbai Mirror, 18 July 2011, retrieved 2 August 2011
- "Lokmanya Tilak Terminus". Daily Excelsior. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- "Advani clears Kurla terminus renaming". The Indian Express. 10 January 1999. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- "Kamat demands renaming of Kurla station after Dr Ambedkar". The Indian Express. 13 January 1999. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- "Kurla terminus will be expanded soon". The Times of India. 19 April 2003. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- Dasgupta, Devraj (26 November 2006). "Makeover for Kurla terminus". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 November 2007.
- Lokmanya Tilak Terminus to replace Dadar as outstation hub - Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2012-10-17). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
- "Dormitories for women at CST, LTT get good response". Indian Express. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
- Central Railway rain plan to wash flooding away at Lokmanya Tilak Terminus - Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2012-10-22). Retrieved on 2013-07-16.
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