Lokotunjailurus

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Lokotunjailurus
Temporal range: Ma
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Machairodontinae
Tribe: Homotherini
Genus: Lokotunjailurus
Werdelin 2003
Species
Synonyms

Lokotunjailurus is an extinct genus of saber-toothed cats (Machairodontinae) which existed in Kenya and Chad during the Miocene epoch.[1][2]

Lokotunjailurus was about as tall as a lioness; about 90 cm (3.0 ft) at the shoulder, but was much lighter in build due to its longer legs and more gracile body. Its dewclaws were particularly large in proportion to its body and were bigger than those of a much larger lion, indicating it relied on them quite heavily for grappling with prey. In comparison, its claws on the second to fourth digits were smaller than those of leopards.[3]

The type species L. emageritus was documented by Lars Werdelin based on fossils found at the Lothagam site in Kenya. He described it as a large felid with an extremely long claw on one digit. He named the genus from the Turkana word for "cat" and the species from the word for "claw". Werdelin considered L. emageritus to be similar to Homotherium in dentition and to represent a basal member of Homotherini.[1]

A second species L. fanonei was described from fossils found in the Toros Menalla Formation in the Djurab Desert of Chad. The deposits date to the Late Miocene (7 mya).[2]

Paleoecology[edit]

In the Djurab desert in northern Chad in central Africa, Lokotunjailurus fanonei seems to have lived alongside fellow machairodonts Amphimachairodus kabir and early representatives of the genus Megantereon. In addition to these other cats, animals such as crocodiles, primitive three-toed horses, fish, monkeys, hippos, aardvarks, turtles, rodents, giraffes, snakes, antelopes, pigs, mongooses, foxes, hyenas, otters, honey badgers and the hominid Sahelanthropus dwelled here, providing ample food for these cats, indicating that there was enough biodiversity that three sabertooths could coexist. Based on these and other fossils, it is theorized that the Djurab was once the shore of a lake, generally forested close to the waters with savannah-like areas some distance away.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Werdelin, L. (2003). Leakey, M. G.; Harris, J. M., eds. "Mio-Pliocene Carnivora from Lothagam, Kenya". Lothagam – The Dawn of Humanity in East Africa. New York: Columbia University Press: 261–328.
  2. ^ a b Bonis, L.d., Peigné, S., Mackaye, H.T., Likius, A., Vignaud, P. & Brunet, M. (2010). "New sabre-toothed cats in the Late Miocene of Toros Menalla (Chad)". Comptes Rendus Palevol. 9 (5): 221–7. doi:10.1016/j.crpv.2010.07.018.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Anton, Mauricio (2013). Sabertooth.
  4. ^ http://www.livescience.com/10416-sabertooth-cats-feasted-early-humans.html