Lola LC88

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Lola LC88
Category Formula One
Constructor Lola Cars
Designer(s) Eric Broadley (Technical Director)
Chris Murphy (Chief Designer)
Hans Fouche (Aerodynamicist)
Predecessor Lola LC87
Successor Lola LC89
Technical specifications
Chassis Carbon fibre monocoque
Suspension (front) Double wishbones, pullrods
Suspension (rear) Double wishbones, pullrods
Engine 1988: Ford Cosworth DFZ, 3,494 cc (213.2 cu in), naturally aspirated 90° V8. Longitudinal, mid-mounted.
1989: Lamborghini 3512, 3,496 cc (213.3 cu in), naturally aspirated, 80° V12. Longitudinal, mid-mounted.
Transmission Hewland FGC 5 Speed
Weight 515kg
Fuel BP
Lubricants BP
Tyres Goodyear
Competition history
Notable entrants Larrousse & Calmels
Notable drivers France Yannick Dalmas
Japan Aguri Suzuki
France Pierre-Henri Raphanel
France Philippe Alliot
Debut 1988 Brazilian Grand Prix
Races Wins Poles F.Laps
17 0 0 0

The Lola LC88 is a Formula One car that the Larrousse team used to compete in the 1988 and (in upgraded LC88C form) one race in the 1989 Formula One season. It was an evolution of the previous LC87 model, except for major changes to the front suspension.[1]

Development[edit]

The LC88 was designed by Eric Broadley, Chris Murphy and Hans Fouche, and a total of five cars were built. It was powered by the Ford Cosworth DFZ and (in 1989) Lamborghini 3512 engines.

Race history[edit]

1988[edit]

At the LC88's debut event, the 1988 Brazilian Grand Prix, French drivers Philippe Alliot and Yannick Dalmas qualified their cars 16th and 17th respectively, but both retired from the race. Dalmas's engine cut out on lap 33 when he was running ninth, and Alliot pulled in with a broken engine mounting eight laps later, also while running ninth.[2] The nose and front suspension were revised for the next race at San Marino, where Alliot qualified 15th with Dalmas 19th. Dalmas finished 12th, two laps down, and Alliot finished 17th, three laps down after spending time in the pits with a suspension problem. Both drivers complained of a lack of grip.[2] Dalmas subsequently tested the car in France and further suspension modifications were made, and at the following race in Monaco, he qualified 21st with Alliot up in 13th. Dalmas raced well and was running sixth on the last lap with a chance of a World Championship point, but was passed by Riccardo Patrese before the chequered flag, and finished seventh. Alliot had run as high as ninth before baulking Patrese's attempt to lap him at Mirabeau; the subsequent collision left Alliot's car heavily damaged after contact with the tyre wall.[2]

The LC88's strength was demonstrated at the next race in Mexico, when Alliot had a massive accident in practice. He was exiting the 240 km/h (149 mph) Peraltada Curve leading to the main straight when he drifted onto the outside kerb. This pitched the car directly across the track and into the pit wall, before it somersaulted back across the track and finally landed upside down on the grass opposite the pits.[3] Alliot qualified 13th and was cleared to race the next day, and the car was rebuilt as the team had no spare car after the Monaco accident. Dalmas qualified 22nd. On race day, Alliot stalled on the grid and started from the back, and retired on lap 1 with a cracked suspension upright. Dalmas climbed to ninth by the finish, three laps down.[2] The team's problems with damaged cars continued in Canada, where Dalmas crashed heavily in practice and was unable to qualify for the race in the fully repaired spare car that Alliot had used in Mexico. Alliot qualified 17th and climbed to seventh before running out of fuel on lap 67. He was classified tenth.[2]

Temporarily with only two chassis at the team's disposal, Alliot qualified 14th at the Detroit Grand Prix with Dalmas down in 25th. Alliot suffered from brake problems during the race and eventually retired on lap 47 with transmission failure. Dalmas finished seventh of the eight finishers, two laps down.[2] In France, the two drivers were evenly matched with Alliot qualifying 18th and Dalmas 19th. Dalmas finished 13th, two laps down, but Alliot retired on lap 47 with engine management issues after running as high as 12th.[2] At the British Grand Prix, Alliot and Dalmas qualified down in 22nd and 23rd respectively and finished 14th and 13th, with both drivers again complaining about a lack of grip.[2] The team struggled again in Germany, with Alliot qualifying 20th and Dalmas 21st. On a wet track, Alliot switched to slick tyres on lap 9, then crashed while being lapped by Ayrton Senna. Dalmas pitted three times with various problems and was ultimately classified 19th, three laps down.[2]

At the Hungarian Grand Prix, Dalmas had another big practice accident, this time colliding with Oscar Larrauri's EuroBrun, but managed to qualify the spare car in 17th. Alliot qualified 20th and finished 12th, four laps down, but Dalmas won a battle with Stefano Modena and Gabriele Tarquini to finish ninth, three laps down.[2] In Belgium, with minor developments made to the cars, Alliot qualified 16th and finished 11th, one lap down, while Dalmas qualified 23rd and retired with a blown engine on lap 10.[2] There followed two double retirements in Italy and Portugal, with Alliot retiring at Monza through engine problems and Dalmas with gearbox failure, after they had qualified 20th and 25th respectively. At Estoril, Dalmas qualified 15th but retired with a snapped alternator belt, while Alliot started 20th and was out by lap 8 with engine failure.[2]

The Spanish Grand Prix marked little improvement as Alliot crashed again in practice and qualified 12th in the spare car. Dalmas started 16th and finished 11th, one lap down, while Alliot managed 14th, three laps down, after having to pit for a new wheel.[2] Before the next race in Japan, Dalmas was diagnosed with Legionellosis which caused him to miss the final two races. Aguri Suzuki stepped in at short notice and qualified 20th despite having very little experience with the car; Alliot was one place ahead in 19th. Alliot managed to equal his best finish of the season in ninth, one lap down, and Suzuki finished 16th, three laps down.[2] Pierre-Henri Raphanel took Dalmas's place at the season-ending Australian Grand Prix, but failed to qualify, while Alliot started 24th. In a disappointing end to the season for the team, he raced at the back of the field before running out of fuel; he was classified tenth, five laps adrift of the winner.[2]

1989[edit]

Dalmas returned for the 1989 season, with Alliot still in place as his team-mate. The team used the revised LC88C with a Lamborghini V12 engine at the season-opening Brazilian Grand Prix but the car was unwieldy. Dalmas failed to qualify and Alliot qualified 26th and finished 12th. The car was replaced by the Lola LC89 by the 1989 San Marino Grand Prix, and so had failed to score any World Championship points during its time in Formula One.[4]

After Formula One[edit]

English Formula Libre driver Rob Cox bought two of the LC88s at the end of the 1988 season. In one of them, he won the 1989 Design Fireplaces Single-Seater Championship[5] and competed in the 1989 Castle Combe Formula Libre Championship. He sold the other one to pop record producer Mike Stock of Stock Aitken Waterman.

The car holds the outright lap record at Lydden Hill Race Circuit.

One of the LC88Cs is on display at the Manoir Automobile car museum in Loheac, France.[6]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine(s) Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Points WCC
1988 Larrousse & Calmels Lola LC88 Ford Cosworth DFZ
V8
G BRA SMR MON MEX CAN DET FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA POR ESP JPN AUS 0 NC
Yannick Dalmas Ret 12 7 9 DNQ 7 13 13 19 9 Ret Ret Ret 11
Aguri Suzuki 16
Pierre-Henri Raphanel DNQ
Philippe Alliot Ret 17 Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret 14 Ret 12 9 Ret Ret 14 9 10
1989 Larrousse & Calmels Lola LC88C Lamborghini 3512
V12
G BRA SMR MON MEX USA CAN FRA GBR GER HUN BEL ITA EUR ESP JPN AUS 1* 15th
Yannick Dalmas DNQ
Philippe Alliot 12
Source:[7]

* Point scored using the LC89.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hodges, David (2001). A–Z of Grand Prix Cars. Ramsbury, Wiltshire: Crowood. p. 129. ISBN 1861263392. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Walker, Murray (1988). Murray Walker's Grand Prix Year Volume 2. First Formula. ISBN 187006609X. 
  3. ^ "Alliot Unhurt After Crashing in Mexican Grand Prix Qualifying". LA Times. 29 May 1988. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Walker, Murray (1989). Murray Walker's Grand Prix Year. First Formula. ISBN 1870066227. 
  5. ^ "History". Lola Heritage. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  6. ^ "GRILLE DE DEPART F1". Manoir-automobile.fr. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  7. ^ Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who. Guinness. pp. 21, 117, 307 and 371. ISBN 0851127029. 

External links[edit]