Lola T370

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lola T370
Haynes International Motor Museum - IMG 1496 - Flickr - Adam Woodford.jpg
The Lola T370 of the 1974 season displayed at Haynes International Motor Museum
CategoryFormula One
ConstructorLola
Designer(s)Andy Smallman
SuccessorLola T371
Technical specifications[1]
ChassisAluminium monocoque, with engine as a fully stressed member.
Suspension (front)double wishbones, coil springs over dampers, anti-roll bar
Suspension (rear)single top links, twin lower links, twin trailing arms, coil springs over dampers, anti-roll bar
EngineFord Cosworth DFV 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) 90° V8, naturally aspirated, mid-mounted.
TransmissionHewland FG 400 5-speed
LubricantsShell (1974)
Esso (1975)
TyresFirestone (1974)
Goodyear (1975)
Competition history
Notable entrantsEmbassy Racing With Graham Hill
Notable driversUnited Kingdom Graham Hill
United Kingdom Guy Edwards
United Kingdom Peter Gethin
Germany Rolf Stommelen
Debut1974 Argentine Grand Prix
RacesWinsPolesF.Laps
17000
n.b. Unless otherwise stated, all data refer to
Formula One World Championship Grands Prix only.

The Lola T370 was a Formula One car designed by Andy Smallman and used by Embassy Hill in the 1974 season and the early part of the 1975 season. After an unsuccessful 1973 with a customer Shadow DN1, the Embassy Hill team commissioned its own cars from Lola. The T370 was largely based on Formula 5000 designs, and looked similar to Lola's F5000 cars, although it sported an extremely large airbox. Embassy Hill had two cars for Graham Hill and Guy Edwards. The car was tested well before the end of 1973 in readiness for the January start to the 1974 season.[2]

Racing history[edit]

1974[edit]

The first race of the season was the Argentine Grand Prix, where Hill qualified 17th, although Edwards was on the back row of the grid. In the race, Hill was running tenth when his engine failed with a few laps remaining while Edwards finished 11th, two laps down on the winner Denny Hulme.[3] In Brazil, Edwards qualified 25th and last, over two seconds slower than his nearest rival Richard Robarts, and Hill qualified 21st. The race was rain shortened and Hill finished 11th after Edwards retired on lap three with chassis problems.[4] At the South African Grand Prix, Embassy Hill entered only one car, for Hill, who qualified 18th and finished 12th.[5]

As the European season began, Edwards returned for the Spanish Grand Prix but narrowly failed to qualify while Hill started 19th, although the T370's engine failed at half-distance.[6] In Belgium, Edwards outqualified Hill for the first time, starting 21st and 29th respectively. Both cars finished a race for the first time as Hill finished eighth (two laps down) and Edwards 12th (three laps down).[7] At Monaco, Hill qualified 19th and Edwards 24th, but the race proved to be the most successful yet, the team narrowly missing out on their first Championship points with Hill in seventh and Edwards eighth, again two and three laps down respectively.[8] The team went one better in Sweden after starting 15th and 18th, with a point for Hill as he finished sixth (the last point of his career), with Edwards seventh. Both cars were only one lap adrift of winner Jody Scheckter.[9] Edwards again outqualified Hill at the Dutch Grand Prix as they started 14th and 19th, but the race ended in retirement for both cars, Hill with gearbox failure and Edwards with fuel system failure.[10] In France Edwards and Hill qualified poorly, only 20th and 21st of the 22 starters, and Hill finished 13th and Edwards 15th.[11]

During the British Grand Prix weekend, after the first qualifying session, Edwards broke his wrist in a Formula 5000 accident and the team replaced him with countryman Peter Gethin. Gethin outqualified Hill (21st and 22nd) although he retired on the first lap with physical problems while Hill went on to finish 13th.[12] Edwards returned for the German Grand Prix but struggled and failed to qualify while Hill started 20th and finished ninth.[13]

Edwards's wrist had not properly healed, so Rolf Stommelen replaced him for the remainder of the season. Stommelen qualified well for the Austrian Grand Prix in 13th with Hill down in 21st, but the German suffered a puncture and had an accident while Hill finished 12th.[14] In Italy Stommelen again outpaced Hill as they started 14th and 21st, but his suspension failed at half-distance while Hill went on to finish eighth, just one lap down on the winner Ronnie Peterson.[15] Heading over to North America for the last two rounds, Stommelen qualified and finished 11th at the Canadian Grand Prix with Hill starting 20th and finishing 14th.[16] For the final race of the 1974 season, the United States Grand Prix, Stommelen again outqualified Hill (21st and 24th), but Hill brought his T370 home in eighth while Stommelen struggled with the car, finishing 12th and last, five laps adrift of the winner Carlos Reutemann.[17]

In the World Drivers' Championship, Hill was classified eighth with one point and Lola finished 12th in the Constructors' Championship, also with one point. Hill was the only one of the team's four drivers to score a point with the T370.[18]

1975[edit]

Embassy Hill ran the T370 until the Lola T371 (later renamed the Hill GH1) was ready, so both Hill and Stommelen drove the T370 for the first two races of the season. At the Argentine Grand Prix, Stommelen and Hill qualified 19th and 21st respectively, and the German finished 13th with Hill 10th.[19] At the Brazilian Grand Prix, Hill outqualified Stommelen for the only time during the lifespan of the T370, qualifying 20th to Stommelen's 23rd. Hill finished 12th with Stommelen 14th.[20][21]

At the third race of the season, the South African Grand Prix, Stommelen drove the new T371 while Hill continued with the T370. However, he had an accident in practice and could not qualify for the race,[22] thus Brazil was the last race for the T370 with the Embassy Hill team as two GH1 cars were available for the Spanish Grand Prix, the T371 having been renamed by that time. During qualifying for the Monaco Grand Prix, Hill (the team's sole entrant) struggled to qualify the GH1 and made another attempt in a T370[23] but was unable to qualify that car either.[24] Hill subsequently retired from driving and the T370 made no further appearances at Grands Prix, although it was an unused spare car on a few occasions throughout the rest of the season.[25]

Complete Formula One World Championship results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Points WCC
1974 Embassy Racing With Graham Hill Ford Cosworth DFV
3.0 V8
F ARG BRA RSA ESP BEL MON SWE NED FRA GBR GER AUT ITA CAN USA 1 12th
Graham Hill Ret 11 12 Ret 8 7 6 Ret 13 13 9 12 8 14 8
Guy Edwards 11 Ret DNQ 12 8 7 Ret 15 DNS DNQ
Peter Gethin Ret
Rolf Stommelen Ret Ret 11 12
1975 Embassy Racing With Graham Hill Ford Cosworth DFV
3.0 V8
G ARG BRA RSA ESP MON BEL SWE NED FRA GBR GER AUT ITA USA - -
Graham Hill 10 12 DNQ DNQ
Rolf Stommelen 13 14
Source:[26]

Non-Championship results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Engine Driver Tyres 1 2 3
1974 Embassy Racing With Graham Hill Ford Cosworth DFV F PRE ROC INT
Graham Hill Ret Ret
Guy Edwards 9
Source:[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lola T370". Jonathan Davies. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
  2. ^ Hodges, David (2001). A–Z of Grand Prix Cars. Ramsbury, Wiltshire: Crowood. p. 129. ISBN 1861263392.
  3. ^ "Grand Prix results, Argentine GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Grand Prix results, Brazilian GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  5. ^ "Grand Prix results, South African GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  6. ^ "Grand Prix results, Spanish GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  7. ^ "Grand Prix results, Belgian GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Grand Prix results, Monaco GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  9. ^ "Grand Prix results, Swedish GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  10. ^ "Grand Prix results, Dutch GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  11. ^ "Grand Prix results, French GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  12. ^ "Grand Prix results, British GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  13. ^ "Grand Prix results, German GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  14. ^ "Grand Prix results, Austrian GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  15. ^ "Grand Prix results, Italian GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  16. ^ "Grand Prix results, Canadian GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  17. ^ "Grand Prix results, United States GP 1974". grandprix.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  18. ^ Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who’s Who. Guinness. pp. 126, 152, 188 & 362. ISBN 0851127029.
  19. ^ "Grand Prix results, Argentine GP 1975". grandprix.com. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  20. ^ "Grand Prix results, Brazilian GP 1975". grandprix.com. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  21. ^ Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who’s Who. Guinness. pp. 188 & 362. ISBN 0851127029.
  22. ^ "Grand Prix results, South African GP 1975". grandprix.com. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  23. ^ "Lola T370/HU3". www.oldracingcars.com. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  24. ^ "Grand Prix results, Monaco GP 1975". grandprix.com. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  25. ^ "All Results of Lola T370". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  26. ^ Small, Steve (1994). The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who. Guinness. pp. 126, 152, 188 and 363. ISBN 0851127029.
  27. ^ "1974 Non-World Championship Grands Prix". silhouet.com. Retrieved 13 January 2017.