Lolopo language

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Lolopo
Central Yi
Native toChina
EthnicityYi
Native speakers
570,000 (2002–2007)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3yclinclusive code
Individual code:
ysp – Southern Lolopo[1]
Glottologlolo1259[3]

Lolopo (autonyms: lɔ˨˩lo˧pʰɔ˨˩, lo˧˩lo˧˩pʰo˧˩; Chinese: 倮倮泼; Central Yi) is a Loloish language spoken by half a million Yi people of China. Chinese linguists call it "Central Yi" as well, which is one of the six Yi languages recognized by the government of China.

Names[edit]

Lolo speakers are referred to by a variety of exonyms. Below is a list of exonyms followed by their respective autonyms and demographics.[4]

  • Mili: lo˨˩lo˧ pʰo˨˩ (spoken by about 12,000 people in Jingdong County). Also called Alie.
  • Enipu 厄尼蒲 (ɣɯ˥ni˨˩ pa̱˨˩ 'water buffalo people', an offensive exonym used by Lalo speakers): lo˨˩lo˧ pʰo˨˩ (spoken in Nanjian County). Spoken by nearly 20,000 people in Weishan County (Qinghua Township) and Nanjian County (in Wuliang, Xiaowandong, and Langcang townships)
  • Tu 土 (Tuzu 土族): lo˨˩lo˧ pʰo˨˩ (spoken by nearly 10,000 people in southern Xiangyun County)
  • Qiangyi 羌夷: lɔ̱˨˩lɔ˧ sɨ˥ (spoken by nearly 15,000 people in northern and central Xiangyun County)
  • Eastern Lalu: lo̱˨˩lo̱˧ (spoken by nearly 20,000 people in Xinping County and Zhenyuan County)
  • Lolo (of northeastern Binchuan County): lo̱˨˩lo˧ pʰo˨˩
  • Xiangtang 香堂 (spoken in Zhenkang County). Widespread distribution in Jinggu, Zhenyuan, Pu'er, Jiangcheng, Mengla, Jinghong, and Zhenkang counties, with perhaps under 80,000 speakers.
  • Lolo (of Nanhua County): lo̱˨˩lo̱˧ pʰo˨˩
  • Lolo (of Yao'an County): lo˨˩la˧ pʰo˨˩
  • Wotizo: wɔ˨˩ti˧ zɔ˨˩ (Yang 2010:7)[5]

Classification[edit]

Yang (2011) proposes this tentative internal classification of Lolo.

  • Southern Lolo (?)
    • Western Lolo (Southern Lolopo in Ethnologue, ISO 639 ysp)
    • Xiangtang
    • Jingdong Lolo (Mili)
  • Southern Dali Lolo (Enipu)
  • Nanhua Lolo
    • Eastern Lalu
    • Tu
  • Binchuan Lolo (?)
  • Yao'an Lolo (Qiangyi) (?)

The Chuxiong Prefecture Ethnic Gazetteer (2013:364)[6] lists the following cognacy percentages between Lolopo 罗罗濮 and other Yi languages in Chuxiong Prefecture.

  • Ache 阿车: 74.86% (211/282)
  • Chesu 车苏: 55% (155/282)
  • Luowu 罗武: 75.89% (214/282)
  • Shansu 山苏: 78.4% (221/282)
  • Lipo 里濮: 93.36% (253/271)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
  2. ^ Lolopo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southern Lolopo[1] at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Lolopo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Yang, Cathryn. 2011. Assessment of the Lolo languages: Current understanding and recommended next steps. m.s.
  5. ^ Yang, Cathryn. 2010. Lalo regional varieties: Phylogeny, dialectometry, and sociolinguistics. Melbourne: La Trobe University PhD dissertation. http://arrow.latrobe.edu.au:8080/vital/access/HandleResolver/1959.9/153015.
  6. ^ 楚雄彝族自治州民族事务委员会编. 2013. 楚雄彝族自治州民族志. 云南民族出版社.

External links[edit]