Lomas de Chapultepec
|Lomas de Chapultepec|
|Neighborhood of Mexico City|
Lomas de Chapultepec facing from Periférico towards Bosques de las Lomas.
Lomas de Chapultepec is a colonia, or officially recognized neighborhood, located in the Miguel Hidalgo borough of Mexico City. It dates back to the 1920s, when it was founded with the name Chapultepec Heights. Home to some of the biggest mansions in the city and many high-net-worth individuals, it has gained a reputation of exclusivity. Its main entrance is through Paseo de la Reforma.
In the early 1920s, Mexico City suffered a housing shortage as a result of internal migrants fleeing from uncertainty in the provinces caused by the Mexican Revolution. To meet demand, the Ayuntamientos of the Distrito Federal passed various city ordinances in order to make it easier for private investors to develop urban subdivisions. Also beneficial was Article 27 of the 1917 Constitution, which was used to promote agrarian land reform and indirectly encouraged the construction and emergence of new urban developments when it prompted the change of land-use of the properties surrounding the capital. A total of 26 to 32 colonias were built as a direct result, one of which was Lomas de Chapultepec.
In September 28, 1921 the corporation, Chapultepec Heights Company, was formed with the objective of developing the land acquired from the Hacienda de los Morales (also known as Rancho del Huizachal de Alberto Cuevas Lascuráin). The company was founded by five investors (two Americans, two Mexicans and one Briton) who were able to buy the 687 hectares of the ex-Hacienda for about one cent per square meter.
In 1922, Chapultepec Heights was planned by José Luis Cuevas Pietrasanta in the "Garden City" fashion. With large lots, large gardened yards, wide winding streets, gardened boulevards and scattered small shopping areas within walking distances from homes. The early settlers attracted to the area were young professionals and some of the nouveau riche revolutionaries, bureaucrats and the new business class of Mexico City. Smaller homes were built on the side streets while mostly large houses were built on Paseo de la Reforma and Paseo de Las Palmas, the two main avenues.
Most of the early houses were built in the "Colonial Californiano" style, with stone carvings around windows and doors and pitched roofs. Many of these early homes are catalogued and protected by the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes as they have been deemed a cultural patrimony. Later on, Modern houses designed by notable architects such as Luis Barragán, Juan Sordo, Ricardo Legorreta and Enrique Norten were built. Many of the houses built during the era known as the Mexican Miracle are still standing and constitute the largest mansions in the western area of the city.
The colonia grew in size, being mostly inhabited by the upper class and wealthy immigrants that arrived in Mexico in the early 20th century.
Today, Lomas de Chapultepec is inhabited by Mexican and foreign business professionals, celebrities, politicians and other wealthy individuals. In recent years commercial and business areas have developed on the edges of the neighborhood and there are also various embassies located in the area. Sales in the northwestern part of Mexico City, which includes luxury areas like Lomas de Chapultepec, generally average US$1 million per house.
Lomas de Chapultepec is located in the northwestern hills of the Anahuac Valley, which is mostly contiguous with Mexico City, and was mostly created following the contour of the terrain, leaving the natural drainage as open space. The developed area was planted with a large number and variety of trees, and is now one of the most wooded areas in the city.
The area was well planned and designed by some of the best professionals of the time, its main avenues run the crests of the hills while the streets follow the gentle curves of the terrain, thus affording varying points of view and some magnificent vistas of the city on the flat part of the valley.
The colonia's borders are:
- On the northwest and north, the Tecamachalco area of Cuajimalpa borough (colonias Lomas de Tecamachalco, San Miguel Tecamachalco, etc.) and colonia Reforma Social
- On the northeast, the Anillo Periférico ring road and Polanco district
- On the east, colonia Molino del Rey and the Bosque de Chapultepec
- On the south, the 2nd and 3rd sections of the Bosque de Chapultepec; colonias Lomas Altas and Lomas de Reforma
- On the west, colonia Bosques de las Lomas
Lomas de Chapultepec is divided into eight sections, in 2005 their population was as follows: Section I had 1,855 individuals, Section II had 1,528, Section III had 3,302, Section IV had 3,161, Section V had 2,379, Section VI had 2,069, Section VII had 707, and Section VIII had 5,439. Combining for a population of 20,440 inhabitants in the colonia.
In the 1950s, 60s, and 70s, the majority of Mexico City's Jews moved from Condesa, Roma and the Downtown to Polanco, Lomas de Chapultepec, Interlomas, Bosques de las Lomas, and Tecamachalco, where the majority are now based.
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- The Westhill Institute has two campuses in "Las Lomas": Athos and Carpatos.
- The "Las Lomas" campus of Peterson Schools is in Lomas de Chapultepec.
- The Plantel Lomas Kindergarten Prado Norte facility of the Campus Poniente/Campus West (formerly Campus La Herradura) of the Colegio Alemán Alexander von Humboldt is located in Lomas de Chapultepec.
- Two campuses of the Escuela Sierra Nevada: one for preschool, one for elementary school
- The Wingate School Virreyes campus (opening 2016)
- The toddler center campus and the preschool campus of the Eton School is located in the colonia.
- Escuela Lomas Altas S.C. (private primary school)
- Cantinflas – comedic actor of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema
- Angelica Rivera – actress and First Lady of Mexico
- Carlos Slim – businessman and multibillionaire
- Zhenli Ye Gon – businessman and alleged drug trafficker
- In the book Las batallas en el desierto, Harry Antherton, a former friend of the main character Carlos, is mentioned to live in an opulent house in Lomas de Chapultepec.
- Artemio Cruz, the main character in La muerte de Artemio Cruz, resides in a mansion in the neighborhood with his wife and daughter.
- In the novel El vampiro de la Colonia Roma, Zabaleta, a recurring client of Adonis, is described as an affluent, powerful man residing in the area.
The name "Lomas"
Starting in the early 1950s, riding on Lomas de Chapultepec's success and the glitter of its name, other developers opened subdivisions further out into adjacent Estado de Mexico with names including the magic word "Lomas" (Spanish for hills). Some of the neighborhoods that stemmed from these expansions are Lomas de Tecamachalco, Lomas de la Herradura, Lomas de las Palmas, Lomas Anahuac, Lomas Altas, Lomas de Bezares, Lomas de Santa Fe, Lomas de Vistahermosa and Interlomas.
Today, the area encompassing Lomas de Chapultepec and neighboring developments is sometimes incorrectly referred to as simply Las Lomas, though locals specify which neighborhood they live in, be it Tecamachalco, Herradura, etc.
- "Desarrollo Social por Colonia". Delegacion Miguel Hidalgo. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- "Intereses citadinos y negocios inmobiliarios en la ciudad de México durante la década de 1920" (PDF). UNAM. Retrieved November 11, 2014.
- Dorothee Brantz, Sonja Dümpelmann (1 July 2011). Greening the City: Urban Landscapes in the Twentieth Century. University of Virginia Press. p. 41. ISBN 081393138X.
- "Mansion of Historic Value for Sale". The New York Times. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
- Mapa Colonias, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo, retrieved 2013-10-11
- Vivienne Stanton (September 13, 2010), The many faces of Jewish Mexico
- "privacy." Interjet. Retrieved on November 4, 2010. "If you do not want your information to be shared with any third party or not to receive any information or required to clarify or modify the information provided, you have the right to send your written instructions/request to ABC Aerolíneas, SA de CV, residing at Prado Sur 230, First Floor, Colonia Lomas de Chapultepec, CP 11000, Mexico City, D.F. or via the email address or phone number provided on this page for user contact."
- "Google locations." Google. Retrieved on May 25, 2016. "Google Mexico Paseo de la Reforma #115, Piso 22 Col. Lomas de Chapultepec México D.F. 11000, México"
- "Contact Us" (Archive). Westhill Institute. Retrieved on May 27, 2014. "Athos Monte Athos 330, Lomas de Chapultepec, Miguel Hidalgo. 11000 Mexico City." and "Carpatos Montes Carpatos no 940, Lomas de Chapultepec, Zip code: 11000 Mexico City"
- "Lomas." Peterson Schools. Retrieved on May 18, 2014. "Address: Monte Himalaya 615, Lomas de Chapultepec, Miguel Hidalgo, México City, C.P. 11000."
- "Ubicaciones"/"Standorte" (Campus Poniente). Colegio Alemán Alexander von Humboldt. Retrieved on April 4, 2016. "Kindergarten – Primaria – Secundaria - Preparatoria Bosques de Moctezuma 124 Fracc. La Herradura, Huixquilucan 52784 Estado de México" and "PLANTEL LOMAS Kindergarten Prado Norte, – Corporativo Prado Norte 559 Lomas de Chapultepec 11000 México, D.F."
- "Contact." Escuela Sierra Nevada. Retrieved on April 5, 2016. "Lomas Preeschool Paseo de la Reforma 715, Lomas de Chapultepec México D.F. Miguel Hidalgo CP 11000" and "Lomas Elementary School Sierra Madre 155, Lomas de Chapultepec México, D.F. Miguel Hidalgo CP 11000 "
- "Contact Us." The Wingate School. Retrieved on April 16, 2016. "The Wingate School Virreyes Monte Athos No. 130 esquina Fray Payo de Rivera Col. Lomas de Chapultepec Delegación Miguel Hidalgo CP 11000, México, D.F."
- "Addresses & Maps." Eton School. Retrieved on May 27, 2014. "1.Toddler Center Alpes 1140 Col. Lomas de Chapultepec. Del. Miguel Hidalgo, C.P. 11000" and "2. Pre School Alpes 605 Col. Lomas de Chapultepec. Del. Miguel Hidalgo, C.P. 11000"
- Home page. Escuela Lomas Altas. Retrieved on April 18, 2016. "Montañas Calizas # 305 Col. Lomas de Chapultepec México D.F. C.P. 11000 "
- "Escuela Lomas Altas S.C." International Baccalaureate Organization. Retrieved on April 18, 2016.
- Berry, Jason and Gerald Renner. Vows of Silence: The Abuse of Power in the Papacy of John Paul II. Simon & Schuster, March 4, 2004. ISBN 0743253817, 9780743253819. p. 190.
- "Hogar, dulce hogar de Cantinflas". Excelsior. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- "Angélica Rivera compra casa de Lomas, confirma Presidencia". El Economista. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
- "Carlos Slim: Love, family and the power of beautiful things". The Telegraph. Retrieved November 10, 2014.
- "Vecinos de Lomas protestan frente a casa de Zhenli Ye Gon". Excelsior. Retrieved November 10, 2014.