Lomatium nudicaule is a species of flowering plant in the carrot family known by the common names pestle lomatium,:110 barestem biscuitroot, Indian celery and Indian consumption plant. It is native to western North America from British Columbia to California to Utah, where it is known from several habitat types, including forest and woodland. It is a perennial herb growing up to about 70 centimeters tall from a thick taproot. It generally lacks a stem, the inflorescence and leaves emerging from ground level. The leaves are made up of many dull green, waxy lance-shaped leaflets each up to 9 centimeters long. The inflorescence is borne on a stout peduncle widening at the top where it blooms in an umbel of yellow or purplish flowers.
This plant is a traditional source of food for many Native American groups, and its parts are used medicinally, including as a treatment for tuberculosis. It also has been used ceremonially in association with the fishing and processing of salmon among peoples of southwestern British Columbia and Washington. For example, the W̱SÁNEĆ (Saanich), who called it qexmín, burn the seeds in a fire or on a stove when drying the salmon. Among other peoples also, including the Kwakwaka'wakw and Nuu-chah-nulth, the seeds are burned as an incense at funerals and chewed by singers to ease their throats.
- Calflora Database: Lomatium nudicaule (Barestem biscuitroot, Pestle lomatium, Pestle parsnip)
- Jepson Manual eFlora treatment of Lomatium nudicaule
- USDA Plants Profile for Lomatium nudicaule (barestem biscuitroot)
- UC CalPhotos gallery
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