|Trade names||Juxtapid (US), Lojuxta (EU)|
|ATC code||C10AX12 (WHO)|
IUPAC name: N-(2,2,2-Trifluoroethyl)-9-[4-[4-[[[4'-(trifluoromethyl)[1,1'-biphenyl]2-yl]carbonyl]amino]-1-piperidinyl]butyl]-9H-fluoren-9-carboxamde
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||693.719 g/mol|
|3D model (Jmol)||Interactive image|
|(what is this?)|
Lomitapide (INN, marketed as Juxtapid in the US and as Lojuxta in the EU) is a drug used as a lipid-lowering agent for the treatment of familial hypercholesterolemia, developed by Aegerion Pharmaceuticals. It has been tested in clinical trials as single treatment and in combinations with atorvastatin, ezetimibe and fenofibrate.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lomitapide on 21 December 2012, as an orphan drug to reduce LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol in patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH).
On 31 May 2013 the European Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) adopted a positive opinion with a unanimous vote recommending a marketing authorization for lomitapide. On 31 July 2013 the European Commission approved lomitapide as an adjunct to a low-fat diet and other lipid-lowering medicinal products with or without low density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis in adult patients with HoFH.
Mechanism of action
On 24 December 2012, drug manufacturer Aegerion announced they had been approved by the FDA to as "an adjunct to a low-fat diet and other lipid-lowering treatments...in patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)."
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- Aegerion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces AEGR-733 Phase II Data Demonstrates Significant Lowering of LDL Cholesterol with Promising Hepatic Safety Profile
- "FDA approves new orphan drug for rare cholesterol disorder"
- European Medicines Agency: Lojuxta
- Cuchel, M.; Bloedon, L. T.; Szapary, P. O.; Kolansky, D. M.; Wolfe, M. L.; Sarkis, A.; Millar, J. S.; Ikewaki, K.; Siegelman, E. S.; Gregg, R. E.; Rader, D. J. (2007). "Inhibition of Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein in Familial Hypercholesterolemia". New England Journal of Medicine. 356 (2): 148–156. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa061189. PMID 17215532.
- "FDA Approves Juxtapid for Homozygous Familial Hypercholesteolemia". 26 December 2012.
- "FDA Approves Aegerion Pharmaceuticals' Juxtapid (lomitapide) Capsules for Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia (HoFH)" (Press release). Aegerion Pharmaceuticals. 24 December 2012.