Lommatzsch

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Lommatzsch
View from the north
View from the north
Coat of arms of Lommatzsch
Coat of arms
Lommatzsch   is located in Germany
Lommatzsch
Lommatzsch
Coordinates: 51°12′N 13°18′E / 51.200°N 13.300°E / 51.200; 13.300Coordinates: 51°12′N 13°18′E / 51.200°N 13.300°E / 51.200; 13.300
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Meißen
Government
 • Mayor Anita Maass
Area
 • Total 66.47 km2 (25.66 sq mi)
Elevation 168 m (551 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 5,074
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 01621–01623
Dialling codes 035241
Vehicle registration MEI
Website www.lommatzsch.de

Lommatzsch (Upper Sorbian: Hłomač) is a municipality located in the district of Meißen in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Lommatzsch lies amidst the so-called Lommatzscher Pflege, an area of land featuring high quality loessic soil and therefore mainly used agriculturally.

Subdivisions[edit]

Albertitz, Altlommatzsch, Altsattel, Arntitz, Barmenitz, Birmenitz, Churschütz, Daubnitz, Dennschütz, Dörschnitz, Grauswitz, Ickowitz, Jessen, Klappendorf, Krepta, Lautzschen, Löbschütz, Lommatzsch, Marschütz, Mögen, Neckanitz, Paltzschen, Petzschwitz, Piskowitz, Pitschütz, Poititz, Prositz, Rauba, Roitzsch, Scheerau, Schwochau, Sieglitz, Striegnitz, Trogen, Wachtnitz, Weitzschenhain, Wuhnitz, Zöthain, Zscheilitz.

History[edit]

The town's name is derived from the West Slavic Glomacze tribe (Daleminzier in German), who settled here around 800 C.E. at the Glomuci sanctuary, a now dry lake north of the town. Lommatzsch in the Margraviate of Meissen was first mentioned in a 1286 deed. On 12 August 1330, the Wettin margrave Frederick I ceded to the Meissen burgrave the tax receipts from the Lommatzsch citizens for having the right to brew beer. A mayor and a board was mentioned in 1386, the council's constitution of 1412 ordered a mayor and 9 boardmembers. In 1423 Lommatzsch with the Meissen margraviate was merged into the Electorate of Saxony under Wettin rule.

The current Saint Wenceslaus parish church was erected from 1504 onwards, three Gothic spikes were set on the tower of a predecessor building and a nave was added. The town became Protestant in 1539, when Ambrosius Naumann became first Evangelical pastor. The town hall in its current size was erected from 1550 to 1555, and the Saint Wenceslaus Church received its first tower clock in 1591. In 1607 and 1611 the town was heavily affected by plague epidemics, leaving 1350 dead, soon followed by the destructive Thirty Years' War: after Elector John George I of Saxony had sided with King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Lommatzsch was burnt down in 1632 by Albrecht von Wallenstein's Imperial troops and again in 1645, after the Elector had switched sides, by Swedish forces under General Lennart Torstenson. Nevertheless, Saxony rose quickly after the war. Under Elector Frederick Augustus I, a Saxon stagecoach milestone was erected on the market square.

Date Timeline of Events
1814 The church got a new organ.
1849 First newspaper the Lommatzscher Anzeiger cause by the revolution.
1854 A court was built.
1857 The Gewerbeverein was founded.
1859 Inauguration of the schools main building.
1865 Foundation of the Freiwillige Feuerwehr.
1873 Disunion of church and school, so now two schools are existing.
1878 Gymnasium was built.
1877 Railroad to Riesa and 1880 to Nossen was opened.
1909 A narrow-gauge railway the Schmalspurbahn to Meißen and 1911 to Döbeln was opened.
end of WWII Front reached Lommatzsch.
25. - 28. April 1945 Lommatzsch was conquered by the Soviet Union
29. April - 5. Mai Lommatzsch was conquered back by the Germans. 36 people accused by the community as being foreign workers and a thief (a 16-year-old boy) were shot in front of the church by SS. After the fall of Berlin, the SS absconded and the Red Army again occupied Lommatzsch, an event viewed by the local population as a calamity.

People[edit]

Honorary citizens[edit]

Robert Volkmann around 1880

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

  • Hans Fährmann (1860-1940), composer and organist
  • Reiner Frieske (born 1940), handball goalkeeper
  • Horst Frank (1942-1962) died at the Berlin Wall

References[edit]