Lommel

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Lommel
Municipality
Kiosk Lommel.JPG
Flag of Lommel
Flag
Coat of arms of Lommel
Coat of arms
Lommel is located in Belgium
Lommel
Lommel
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 51°14′N 05°18′E / 51.233°N 5.300°E / 51.233; 5.300Coordinates: 51°14′N 05°18′E / 51.233°N 5.300°E / 51.233; 5.300
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Limburg
Arrondissement Maaseik
Government
 • Mayor Peter Vanvelthoven (sp.a)
 • Governing party/ies sp.a, Open Vld
Area
 • Total 102.37 km2 (39.53 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2016)[1]
 • Total 33,957
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
Postal codes 3920
Area codes 011
Website www.lommel.be

Lommel is a municipality and a city in the Belgian province of Limburg. The Kempen city has about 33,000 inhabitants and is part of the electoral district and the judicial district Lommel Neerpelt.

Besides residential town of Lommel also has a number of nature reserves, such as the nature reserve De Watering, the Lommel Sahara, and numerous forests and heathlands. Lommel is the third shopping city in Belgian Limburg with a commercial and shopping center De Singel. Importantly, the silver sand that is mined here for the benefit of the glass industry. Some sand mining quarries are transformed into nature reserves and recreational areas, including Lommel Sahara.

The city of Lommel is the watershed of the basins of the Scheldt, and Meuse, and within these basins Nete Dommel respectively.

Language[edit]

The dialect of Lommel - the Lommel - is part of the East Brabant, and not to the West Limburg dialects, reflecting the particular history of the place.

Etymology[edit]

The name comes from Lommel Loemelo. Loem means moist, swampy and Lo is forest or woodland.

Cores[edit]

Demographic development[edit]

All historical data relating to the current municipality, including towns such as arose after the merger of January 1, 1977.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1806 —    
1816 —    
1830 —    
1846 2,486 —    
1856 —    
1866 3,009 —    
1876 —    
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1880 3,042 —    
1890 3,252 +0.67%
1900 4,431 +3.14%
1910 7,022 +4.71%
1920 7,811 +1.07%
1930 9,666 +2.15%
1947 13,487 +1.98%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1961 17,923 +2.05%
1970 21,984 +2.30%
1981 25,412 +1.33%
1990 27,427 +0.85%
2000 30,433 +1.05%
2010 32,917 +0.79%
2015 33,852 +0.56%

History[edit]

Lommel as part of the One of the Kempen[edit]

In 1990 fourth Lommel its 1000 anniversary. In the earliest period Lommel was part of the so-called Eninge of the Kempen, a certain territory in the Kempen where applied the same law. All come under a vague Utrecht majesty and authority was in feudal held by Brabant. In 1203 the Eninge came under the supremacy of the dukes of Brabant.

Duchy of Brabant[edit]

The Brabant expansion northward was Lommel part of the bailiwick of 's-Hertogenbosch and continued to come under the quarter Kempenland. In 1332 was Lommel city rights Duke John III, Duke of Brabant. Lommel was a freedom. Late 16th century it went bad with the Bailiwick. During the Gelderland Wars looted and burnt estimated the headman Gelderland Maarten van Rossum the Bailiwick. During the Eighty Years' War suffered under the bailiwick of war.

State Brabant[edit]

Since 1648 was Lommel part of the Dutch Republic, as the bailiwick of 's-Hertogenbosch and its accessories was assigned to the States. The earlier by North Brabant Catholics created myth that to the stagnation of development in Staats-Brabant had a "Dutch" which the region empty sucked as a colony, may be exaggerated. The war situation was the biggest culprit. Lommel was because of the new state border and struck a remote region on the border of the Republic, like other States Brabant, suddenly not south, but northwards oriented. However, it was under the State Brabant function as a military buffer for the region Holland little to no opportunities to achieve economic growth. It was a time of little progress. In the years 1798-1799 undertook the Dutch minister Stephen Hanewinkel a journey through the entire Bailiwick of 's-Hertogenbosch and also did Lommel in 1799 to. He described the city as "the ultimate village of Majorij, on the borders of Liege Erland lying around in very large and widely extended driving, Hannewinckel, Stephen (1800) 'Second Reize by Majorij'. Amsterdam: Saakes, Anthony Bernard Amsterdam.

French Time and Kingdom of the Netherlands[edit]

Only in 1795, when the French invaded, Lommel got his freedom back and when the French had left it became an integral part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Lommel was part of the Bailiwick, until it officially by Royal Decree passed by North Brabant to Limburg on November 19, 1817 as exchange against Luyksgestel that 1819 of the Antwerp province of Noord-Brabant was about. Luyksgestel that if an isolated enclave was in the Bailiwick and belonged to the Principality of Liege, Lommel previously made a Meierijse exclave.

Kingdom of Belgium[edit]

After much wrangling during the Belgian Revolution Lommel remained under Belgian rule. Although the Netherlands this piece Bailiwick as a former part of Staats-Brabant claimed back, the city of Lommel had already sworn his allegiance to the Belgian government. On April 19, 1839 finally became the definitive peace treaties signed by Belgium and the Netherlands. That same year Maaseik was created as a new administrative district and Lommel was added thereto. This will be a radical change in the history of Lommel: the traditional Brabantse place is now called Limburg place and is the only piece Meierij, located in Belgium. Although Lommel legally to Limburg counts, the rest of Limburg will remain in the eyes of the real Lommelsen still: Liege or "Liège country". The Meierijse history of Lommel remains at least live on in the many descriptions. On the market square stands a statuette of a teut, a typical historic phenomenon in the region. Teuten were itinerant merchants and craftsmen from the 16th to 20th centuries with their merchandise (copper, textiles, pottery ...) marched back to the Netherlands, Germany, France and Luxembourg. Lommel, especially the district of Barrier during the Second World War, a pivotal role in Operation Market Garden. By the conquest of Joe's Bridge, bridge no. 9 on the Kempisch Channel, the Irish Guards on September 10, 1944, the British forces possessed a bridgehead towards the Netherlands. On September 17, 1944 she crossed the Dutch border.

Politics[edit]

Structure[edit]

The city of Lommel is located in the electoral district Neerpelt (which is identical to the county district Neerpelt) and the electoral district Hasselt Tongeren-Maaseik (same as the constituency Limburg).

Lommel Supranationaal Nationaal Gemeenschap Gewest Provincie Arrondissement Provinciedistrict Kanton Gemeente
Administratief Niveau  European Union  Belgium  Flanders  Limburg Maaseik Lommel
Bestuur Europese Commissie Belgische regering Vlaamse regering Deputatie Gemeentebestuur
Raad Europees Parlement Kamer van
Volksvertegenwoordigers
Vlaams Parlement Provincieraad Gemeenteraad
Kiesomschrijving Nederlands Kiescollege Kieskring Limburg Hasselt-Tongeren-Maaseik Neerpelt Neerpelt Lommel
Verkiezing Europese Federale Vlaamse Provincieraads- Gemeenteraads-

List of mayors of Lommel[edit]

2013-2018[edit]

Mayor Peter Vanvelthoven (List mayor). He leads a coalition consisting of Mayor List and Open VLD. Together they form the majority with 17 to 31 seats.

Results municipal elections since 1976[edit]

Partij 10-10-1976[2] 10-10-1982 9-10-1988 9-10-1994 8-10-2000 8-10-2006[3] 14-10-2012[4]
Stemmen / Zetels % 27 % 29 % 29 % 29 % 31 % 31 % 31
CVP1/CD&V2 49,181 14 38,031 13 33,221 11 26,791 9 25,241 9 - 19,682 7
CD&V+N-VA - - - - - 28,55 9 -
VU1/VU&ID2 9,721 2 10,961 3 9,081 2 - 3,732 0 - -
N-VA - - - - - - 17,20 6
PVV1/VLD2/VLD-VIVANT3/Open Vld4 9,561 2 6,551 1 11,561 3 13,182 3 12,692 4 10,903 3 9,294 2
SP 31,55 9 37,57 12 39,51 13 46,21 16 47,75 17 - -
sp.a-spirit - - - - - 42,44 15 -
Burgemeester - - - - - - 40,33 15
AGALEV1/Groen2 - - 3,21 0 - - - 4,342 0
PVDA - 4,55 0 3,44 0 4,11 0 - - -
Vlaams Blok1/Vlaams Belang2 - - - - 7,171 1 9,772 2 3,982 0
LGB - 2,34 0 - - - - -
BOOS - - - 7,86 1 - - -
HOOP - - - 1,85 0 - - -
LEL - - - - 3,42 0 - -
AKTIEF - - - - - 8,33 2 5,19 1
Totaal stemmen 14873 16710 18306 19495 20598 20452 21465
Opkomst % 97,07 95,9 95,32 95,71 93,70
Blanco en ongeldig % 3,68 4,84 4,23 4,41 3,71 4,2 2,47
seats formed coalition 'bold' printed

Notable people from Lommel[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]