Londesborough shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
|Population||182 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|– London||165 mi (266 km) S|
|Unitary authority||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||East Yorkshire|
The civil parish is formed by the village of Londesborough and the hamlet of Middlethorpe. According to the 2011 UK census, Londesborough parish had a population of 182, a reduction of one on the 2001 UK census figure.
The Yorkshire Wolds Way National Trail, a long distance footpath passes through the village. Some scholars suggest the still-undiscovered Roman camp of Delgovicia is in the vicinity of Londesborough. Londesborough Hall was a country house in the village but all that now remains is the park land that surrounded the house which is called Londesborough Park. The church dedicated to All Saints was designated a Grade I listed building in 1967 and is now recorded in the National Heritage List for England, maintained by Historic England. In 1823 Londesborough was a civil parish in the Holme Beacon Division in the Wapentake of Harthill. Londesborough is one of the sites in the East Riding that have been conjectured as the Romano-British town of Delgovicia, an eastern station associated with York. A Roman road from Brough on the Humber Estuary ran directly north to meet Londesborough estate and village, where were found Roman coins and burial repositories. The estate of Londesborough was one of the seats of the Dukes of Devonshire. It was an historical possession of the Clifford family—Earls of Cumberland—until the 5th Earl's only heiress married the Earl of Cork, from whose family the Dukes of Devonshire are descended. The estate's mansion in 1823 had recently been demolished. The 6th Duke of Devonshire was the patron of All Saints' Church, the ecclesiastical parish living, and a hospital for "six old bachelors or widowers, and six widows". Londesborough population in 1823 was 244. Within the parish was a blacksmith, a clerk, a schoolmaster who was also the parish clerk, the parish rector, the agent for the Duke of Devonshire, and the landlord of The Devonshire Arms public house who was also a maltster. Londesborough was served by Londesborough railway station on the York to Beverley Line between 1847 and 1965.
Andy Strangeway, the first man to visit and sleep on all Scotland's major islands, was born in Londesborough in 1965. Mark Briggs, a notable Great War conscientious objector in New Zealand was born in Londesborough in 1884. He emigrated to New Zealand with his father and brother, where he became a radical trade unionist and socialist. In 1917, he was forcibly shipped to France where he was subjected to much pain and humiliation from the military to force him to give up his principles. He didn't and was eventually returned to NZ. He later became a member of New Zealand's Legislative Council,where the former Minister of War, James Allen publicly apologised for his treatment.
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Londesborough CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Londesborough CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
- Pitts Capper, Benjamin (1825). A Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom. London. p. 669.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1084136)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- Baines, Edward (1823). History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York. p. 364.
- Pitts Capper, Benjamin (2011) . A Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom (Reprint: British Library, Historical Print Editions). London. p. 669. ISBN 1241313458.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 8.