London (electoral district)

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London was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1968. It was located in the province of Ontario.

It consisted initially of the City of London, Ontario.

In 1914, it was redefined to exclude parts of the former township of London, which was now a part of the city.

In 1924, it was redefined as consisting of that part of the city of London lying west of and south of a line following (from the north) Adelaide Street and Oxford Street, the east side of Wolsley Barracks area, Middleton Avenue, Glasgow Street, Lorne Avenue, Burbrook Place, Dundas Street, Swinyard Street, Pine Street, Elm Street, Trafalgar Street, Adelaide Street, the south branch of the River Thames, Beverly Street, and Wellington Street south to the south boundary of the city.

Parliament Years Member Party
1st 1867–1872     John Carling Liberal-Conservative
2nd 1872–1874
3rd 1874     John Walker Liberal
1875–1878     James Fraser Liberal-Conservative
4th 1878–1882     John Carling Liberal-Conservative
5th 1882–1887
6th 1887–1891
7th 1891–1892     Charles Hyman Liberal
1892–1896     John Carling Liberal-Conservative
8th 1896–1900     Thomas Beattie Conservative
9th 1900–1904     Charles Hyman Liberal
10th 1904–1907
1907–1908     Thomas Beattie Conservative
11th 1908–1911
12th 1911–1914
1915–1917     William Gray Conservative
13th 1917–1921     Hume Cronyn Conservative
14th 1921–1925     John White Conservative
15th 1925–1926
16th 1926–1930
17th 1930–1935
18th 1935–1938     Frederick Betts Conservative
1938–1940     Robert Manion Conservative
19th 1940–1945     Allan Johnston Liberal
20th 1945–1949     Park Manross Progressive Conservative
21st 1949–1953     Alex Jeffery Liberal
22nd 1953–1957     Robert Mitchell Progressive Conservative
23rd 1957–1958     Ernest Halpenny Progressive Conservative
24th 1958–1962
25th 1962–1963
26th 1963–1965     John Irvine Progressive Conservative
27th 1965–1968

The electoral district was abolished in 1966 when it was redistributed between London West and London East ridings.

Electoral history[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Carling 1,114
Unknown Peacock 266
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Carling 1,101
Unknown MacMahon 797
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal John Walker 1,269
Liberal–Conservative John Carling 1,208
By-election on 18 February 1875

Walker unseated, 9 September 1874

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative James Harshaw Fraser 1,228
Unknown Samuel Peters 1,100
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Carling 1,407
Liberal John Walker 1,343
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Carling 1,485
Unknown John Campbell 1,238
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Carling 2,013
Liberal Charles S. Hyman 1,974
Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal C. S. Hyman 2,037
Liberal–Conservative John Carling 1,854
By-election on 26 February 1892

Election annulled

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal–Conservative John Carling  
Liberal C. S. Hyman  
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Thomas Beattie 2,325
Liberal C. S. Hyman 2,284
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal C. S. Hyman 2,812
Conservative Thomas Beattie 2,265
Independent Robert Roadhouse 236
Canadian federal election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal C. S. Hyman 4,302
Conservative William Gray 4,278
By-election on 13 June 1905

Hyman appointed Minister of Public Works, 22 May 1905

Party Candidate Votes
Liberal C. S. Hyman 4,581
Conservative William Gray 4,251
By-election on 29 October 1907

Hyman resigned 11 April 1907

Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Thomas Beattie 3,209
Liberal J. D. Jacobs 2,174
Canadian federal election, 1908
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Thomas Beattie 4,121
Unknown John Wiley McCandless 2,987
Canadian federal election, 1911
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Thomas Beattie 5,263
Unknown John Millar McEvoy 3,352
By-election on 1 February 1915

Beattie died 2 December 1914

Party Candidate Votes
Conservative William Gray acclaimed
Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes
Government (Unionist) Hume Cronyn 11,136
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) George Sutton Gibbons 6,783
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Franklin White 9,730
Liberal Charles Ross Somerville 7,974
Progressive Arthur Mould 4,252
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Franklin White 12,260
Liberal Edgar Sydney Little 7,777
Labour John Colert 2,405
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Franklin White 12,249
Liberal William John Stevenson 11,404
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative John Franklin White 13,981
Liberal Jared Vining 9,698
Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Frederick Cronyn Betts 10,911
Liberal George Arthur Porte Brickenden 8,628
Reconstruction John Franklin White 3,814
Co-operative Commonwealth Everett Orlan Hall 3,041
Independent George Albert Wenige 2,101
Independent Liberal Clifford Hamilton Reason 1,203
Independent Hugh Allan Stevenson 406
By-election on 14 November 1938

Betts died 7 May 1938

Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Robert James Manion 11,364
Co-operative Commonwealth Everett Orlan Hall 8,166
Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Allan Johnston 15,824
National Government Thomas Kingsmill 12,534
Co-operative Commonwealth Everett Orlan Hall 3,762
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Park Manross 16,766
Liberal Allan Johnston 13,421
Co-operative Commonwealth Everett Orlan Hall 4,901
Labor–Progressive Arthur Mould 225
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes
Liberal Alex Jeffery 16,427
Progressive Conservative Park Manross 14,988
Co-operative Commonwealth Everett O. Hall 4,532
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Robert Weld Mitchell 15,254
Liberal S. Floyd Maine 12,869
Co-operative Commonwealth Gwen Pemberton 2,748
Labor–Progressive Allison Grant Campbell 662
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Ernest Halpenny 19,804
Liberal Hugh Mackenzie 11,110
Co-operative Commonwealth Gwen Pemberton 2,714
Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Ernest Halpenny 24,276
Liberal Hugh Alexander Mackenzie 9,107
Co-operative Commonwealth E.O. Hall 2,598
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Ernest Halpenny 16,096
Liberal Harry Quigley 11,084
New Democratic John Gelleta 3,679
Social Credit Larry Wilcocks 447
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Jack Irvine 15,700
Liberal Clarence M. Peterson 14,262
New Democratic Paddy O'Brien 3,335
Social Credit Lloyd H. Alford 599
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes
Progressive Conservative Jack Irvine 13,763
Liberal Margaret Fullerton 11,164
New Democratic Clayton Fee 4,412
Independent Albert W. Plumb 422
Communist Thomas Morris 271

See also[edit]

External links[edit]