London Borough of Barking and Dagenham

Coordinates: 51°33′N 0°07′E / 51.550°N 0.117°E / 51.550; 0.117
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London Borough of Barking and Dagenham
Official logo of London Borough of Barking and Dagenham
Dei gratia probemur rebus
(By the grace of God let us be judged by our deeds)
Barking and Dagenham shown within Greater London
Barking and Dagenham shown within Greater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Created1 April 1965
Admin HQ1 Town Hall Square, Barking
 • TypeLondon borough council
 • BodyBarking and Dagenham London Borough Council
 • London AssemblyUnmesh Desai (Labour) AM for City and East
 • MPsJon Cruddas (Labour)
Margaret Hodge (Labour)
 • Total13.93 sq mi (36.09 km2)
 • Rank269th (of 296)
 • Total219,992
 • Rank85th (of 296)
 • Density16,000/sq mi (6,100/km2)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Area code020
ONS code00AB
GSS codeE09000002
PoliceMetropolitan Police
WebsiteCouncil Website

The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham (pronunciation) is a London borough in East London.[1] It lies around 9 miles (14.4 km) east of Central London. The borough was created in 1965 as the London Borough of Barking; the name was changed in 1980. It is an Outer London borough and the south is within the London Riverside section of the Thames Gateway; an area designated as a national priority for urban regeneration. At the 2011 census it had a population of 187,000. The borough's three main towns are Barking, Chadwell Heath and Dagenham. The local authority is the Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council. Barking and Dagenham was one of six London boroughs to host the 2012 Summer Olympics.[2]


The London Borough of Barking (as it was originally called) was created in 1965 under the London Government Act 1963, covering the combined area of the former Municipal Borough of Barking and the Municipal Borough of Dagenham, with the exceptions of a small area at Hog Hill from Dagenham which went to Redbridge, and the Gallions Reach area, being the part of Barking west of Barking Creek, which went to Newham. The area was transferred from Essex to Greater London to become one of the 32 London Boroughs.[3] At the time of its creation the combined population of Barking and Dagenham was around 180,000.[4]

The pre-1965 borough of Barking had evolved from the Barking Town local government district, which had been created in 1882 covering the central part of the parish of Barking. Such districts were reconstituted as urban districts under the Local Government Act 1894.[5][6][7] The Barking Town Urban District was incorporated to become a municipal borough in 1931, at which point the name was changed from Barking Town to Barking.[8][9]

Dagenham was a rural parish with a parish council from 1894, subordinate to the Romford Rural District Council. In 1926 the parish council was replaced when Dagenham was made an urban district; it was made a municipal borough in 1938.[10][11]

The council changed the London borough's name from 'Barking' to 'Barking and Dagenham' with effect from 1 January 1980.[12][13] In 1994, the borough was expanded to cover the part of the Becontree estate that until then had been within the Borough of Redbridge[14] and other areas. The area covered by Mayesbrook Park in the Borough was once part of the historic Manor of Jenkins, seat of the Fanshawe family.

Historic records of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham and predecessor bodies the Borough of Barking and the Borough of Dagenham are held at the Barking and Dagenham Archive Service, Valence House Museum.

There are a total of 52 listed buildings located within the borough's boundaries.[15] The Grade I and Grade II* listed buildings in the borough include Eastbury Manor House, the Church of Peter and Paul, Dagenham and Valence House.


The borough borders the London Borough of Havering to the east with the River Rom forming part of the boundary. It borders the London Borough of Newham to the west with the River Roding forming much of the border. To the south is the River Thames which forms the borough's boundary with the London Borough of Bexley and the Royal Borough of Greenwich. To the north the borough forms a thin protrusion between Havering and the London Borough of Redbridge in order to encompass Chadwell Heath. 530 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt.


See List of areas of London

The borough's major districts include Barking, Becontree and Dagenham. It borders five other London boroughs: Newham, Redbridge, Havering, and Greenwich and Bexley to the south of the Thames.

Much of the housing of the borough was constructed by the London County Council during the interwar period of 1921–1939.[4] Major settlement of the area, mostly escaping slum conditions in the East End of London, occurred during this period when the new motor and chemical industries such as the Ford Motor Company plant at Dagenham were set up.[4] Since the decline of these industries in the 1980s, employment has shifted towards service sector jobs. There are large areas of logistics and warehouse development around the A13 road. Much of the borough is within the London Riverside area of the Thames Gateway zone and is the site of considerable house building and other development, such as Beam Park. A £500 million budget has been earmarked for redevelopment of the borough's principal district of Barking.[16]


1801 1,937—    
1811 2,647+36.7%
1821 3,110+17.5%
1831 3,746+20.5%
1841 4,151+10.8%
1851 4,804+15.7%
1861 5,983+24.5%
1871 7,162+19.7%
1881 8,341+16.5%
1891 16,658+99.7%
1901 25,080+50.6%
1911 37,759+50.6%
1921 67,708+79.3%
1931 121,410+79.3%
1941 143,122+17.9%
1951 168,724+17.9%
1961 164,639−2.4%
1971 160,656−2.4%
1981 148,973−7.3%
1991 146,154−1.9%
2001 163,944+12.2%
2011 185,911+13.4%
2021 218,871+17.7%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time
Population pyramid of Barking and Dagenham in 2021
Religious makeup of Barking and Dagenham by single year age groups in 2021

Religion in London Borough of Barking and Dagenham (2021 census)[17]

  Christianity (45.4%)
  Islam (24.4%)
  Hinduism (3.0%)
  Sikhism (2.0%)
  Other (0.9%)
  Non-religious (18.8%)
  Not Stated (5.5%)

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 1,937; and the area was characterised by farming, woodland and the fishing fleet at Barking. This last industry employed 1,370 men and boys by 1850, but by the end of the century had ceased to exist; replaced by train deliveries of fresh fish from the East Coast ports.[18] The population rose slowly through the 19th century, as the district became built up; and new industries developed around Barking.

The population rose dramatically between 1921 and 1931, when the London County Council developed the Becontree Estate. This public housing development of 27,000 homes housed over 100,000 people, split between the then urban district councils of Ilford, Dagenham and Barking. People were rehoused from the slums of the East End.[19] In 1931, the Ford Motor Company relocated to a 500 acres (2.0 km2) site at Dagenham, and in 1932 the District line was extended to Upminster; bringing further development to the area.

After World War II, further public housing projects were built to rehouse the many Londoners made homeless in the Blitz. As industry declined during the 1960s, the population entered a long decline, but has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites. In 2013 Barking and Dagenham has England's highest fertility rate: 2.58.[20]

At the time of the 2011 census, 49.5% of the borough's community identified themselves as white British. Barking and Dagenham has been strongly influenced by immigration, with the white British population having dropped 30.6% from 2001 to 2011 - the second largest decrease in the country, behind neighbouring Newham. The population of non-UK born residents increasing by 205%.[21] The largest decrease of White British occurred in the Longbridge ward (79.8% in 2001 to 35% in 2011), and the Abbey ward, which contains the main Barking area (from 46.2% to 15.8%). The smallest decrease was in the Eastbrook ward. The largest minority communities were of Black and Asian heritage.

Barking and Dagenham had by far the largest decrease of the 65+ population, having dropped almost 20% between 2001 and 2011. There were 69,700 households in the borough in 2011, up 3.6% from 2001. The borough also had the largest proportion of school-age (5-19) population of all the local authorities in England and Wales, 21.4%, at the 2011 census. The borough's pre-school (0-4) population rose by 49.1% from 2001 to 2011, by far the largest increase in London.[22]

The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Barking and Dagenham.


Ethnic makeup of Barking and Dagenham by single year ages in 2021
Ethnic demography of the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham over time
Ethnic Group 1981 estimations[23] 1991[24] 2001[25] 2011[26] 2021[27]
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
White: Total 141,912 95.9% 133,903 93.19% 139,667 85.19% 108,386 58.30% 98,275 44.9%
White: British 132,566 80.86% 91,949 49.46% 67,550 30.9%
White: Irish 2,753 1.68% 1,730 0.93% 1,185 0.5%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 182 0.10% 184 0.1%
White: Roma 858 0.4%
White: Other 4,348 2.65% 14,525 7.81% 28,498 13.0%
Asian or Asian British: Total 5,778 4% 9,061 5.53% 29,594 15.92% 56,583 25.8%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 2,807 1.95% 3,681 2.25% 7,436 4.00% 11,503 5.3%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 1,674 1.16% 3,055 1.86% 8,007 4.31% 15,799 7.2%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 200 673 0.41% 7,701 4.14% 22,393 10.2%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 593 775 0.47% 1,315 0.71% 1,385 0.6%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 504 877 0.53% 5,135 2.76% 5,503 2.5%
Black or Black British: Total 3,347 2.32% 11,440 6.98% 37,140 19.98% 46,807 21.4%
Black or Black British: African 919 0.6% 7,284 4.44% 28,685 15.43% 35,101 16.0%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 1,790 1.24% 3,434 2.09% 5,227 2.81% 5824 2.7%
Black or Black British: Other Black 638 0.4% 722 0.44% 3,228 1.74% 5882 2.7%
Mixed or British Mixed: Total 3,076 1.88% 7,878 4.24% 9,320 4.3%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 1,420 0.87% 2,669 1.44% 2,974 1.4%
Mixed: White and Black African 572 0.35% 2,128 1.14% 2,376 1.1%
Mixed: White and Asian 534 0.33% 1,246 0.67% 1,550 0.7%
Mixed: Other Mixed 550 0.34% 1,835 0.99% 2,420 1.1%
Other: Total 653 0.45% 700 0.43% 2,913 1.57% 7,886 3.6%
Other: Arab 973 0.52% 1,489 0.7%
Other: Any other ethnic group 653 0.45% 700 0.43% 1,940 1.04% 6,397 2.9%
Ethnic minority: Total 6,063 4.1% 9,778 6.8% 24,277 14.81% 77,525 41.70% 120,596 55.1%
Total 147,975 100% 143,681 100% 163,944 100.00% 185,911 100.00% 218,871 100%


Barking Town Hall, headquarters of Barking and Dagenham Council

The local authority is Barking and Dagenham Council, which meets at Barking Town Hall.

Greater London representation[edit]

For elections to the Greater London Council, the borough formed the Barking electoral division, electing two members. In 1973 it was divided into the single-member Barking and Dagenham electoral divisions.[28] The Greater London Council was abolished in 1986.

Since 2000, the borough is within the City and East London Assembly constituency, returning Unmesh Desai as the directly elected Assembly Member.

UK Parliament[edit]

The borough is covered by two parliamentary constituencies: Barking and Dagenham and Rainham. The latter was first contested in 2010.

Twin cities[edit]

London Borough of Barking and Dagenham is twinned with:


There are many schools and further education facilities in the borough. Situated near the Town Hall, the Barking Learning Centre is a learning facility providing a range of courses leading to recognised qualifications. It also includes a library with free public internet access, the council's first One Stop Shop, conference and meeting space, a gallery and a café. A study in 2017 found that nearly half of Barking & Dagenham's 19 year olds lack Level 3 qualifications (A Level equivalent) which was the highest figure in London.[30]

CU London, a Higher Education institute owned and governed by Coventry University, started offering courses to students in September 2017.[31] Situated in the former Dagenham Civic Centre, they offer a range of subjects across Foundation, HNC, HND and degree level.[32]

The University of East London formerly had a campus in the borough, however this has now closed with all campuses now being located in the neighbouring borough of Newham.


In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 22.5% of all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 7.5%; bus, minibus or coach, 7.5%; train, 7.3%; on foot, 3.7%; passenger in a car or van, 1.7%; work mainly at or from home, 1.3%.[33]


Barking and Dagenham is served by both the London Underground and National Rail networks. On the London Underground, the Borough is served by both Hammersmith & City Line, and District Line trains.

National Rail c2c trains call at Dagenham Dock and Barking railway stations. Most c2c trains terminate at London Fenchurch Street, whilst to the east, trains serve Grays, Southend and Shoeburyness in Essex.

Barking and, from summer 2022, Barking Riverside railway stations are served by the London Overground with frequent services to Gospel Oak in the London Borough of Camden.[34]

The Elizabeth Line serves Chadwell Heath railway station, which straddles the border between the London Borough of Redbridge and the borough.[35]

Hammersmith & City Line services terminate at Barking. Some District Line services terminate at Barking, but many also call at Upney, Becontree, Dagenham Heathway and Dagenham East in the Borough. Some services terminate at Dagenham East.


Several London Buses serve the Borough. Night buses 128, EL1, N15 and N86 travel into Central London, Stratford, Romford and Harold Hill every night.[36]


Cycle Superhighway 3 begins in Barking, to the south of Greatfields Park, linking the Borough to Canary Wharf, the City of London and the City of Westminster via a bike freeway, most of which is segregated from other road traffic. TfL plan to extend the cycle network to Barking Riverside in the future, for which the first consultations closed in winter 2019.[37]


Two major A-roads cross the Borough: the A12 and A13.

The A12 has one junction in the Borough, to the north of Chadwell Heath. To the west, the A12 carries traffic through Newbury Park towards the North Circular, Stratford and Central London. To the east, the A12 heads through Romford towards the M25 and south and east Essex.

The A13 is named Alfred's Way as it enters the Borough to the west. Crossing Barking and Dagenham, the dual carriageway can be accessed via several grade-separated junctions. Leaving the Borough to the west via the A13 will lead to the Docklands and the City of London. To the east, the A13 passes Rainham and the M25 before traffic heads into south Essex.

Other A-roads cross the Borough, including the A118, A123, A124, A1083, A1112, and A1306, although these roads are smaller and generally carry less traffic.

Local media[edit]

Time 107.5 FM broadcasts local news from nearby Romford.

Bedrock[38] is the local Hospital radio service available on-line and broadcasts a range of health related information focused around the local Hospitals; King George Hospital and Queen's Hospital.

Barking & Dagenham News, a hyperlocal news service distributes news, weather, travel, sport and entertainment updates on Facebook Watch.

London Fire Brigade[edit]

The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham has two fire stations within its boundary: Barking and Dagenham.[39] Barking fire station operates two pumping appliances, a bulk foam unit and a command unit. The support units that are operated here will cover a large selection of station grounds and areas. Dagenham fire station operates two pumping appliances and a 64M turn table Ladder. The Turntable ladder is one of 3 that are in use in london and are the tallest ladders in use in the uk fire and rescue service.[citation needed]

Of the two stations; Dagenham is the busier, attending over 2,000 incidents in 2006/2007.[40]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms of the borough displays the Curfew tower of Barking Abbey in its crest.

Freedom of the Borough[edit]

The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Barking and Dagenham.


  • George Shaw: 1992.[41]
  • Charles J. Fairbrass: 1992.
  • Stephen R Thompson: 2008
  • Sandie Shaw: 28 April 2021.
  • Claire Symonds : 28 April 2021.[42][43]
  • Paul Ince: 23 September 2021.
  • Trevor Lock: 23 September 2021.
  • Dora Challingsworth: 23 September 2021.[44]

Military units[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Map 5A.1 - London's sub-regions Archived 24 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine The London Plan (Greater London Authority, 2008) accessed 13 November 2009
  2. ^ “Happiness in Business: How being happy affects business success" Archived 8 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Company Check, 26 August 2015
  3. ^ Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. Vol. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
  4. ^ a b c Metropolitan Essex since 1919: Suburban growth, A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5 (1966), pp. 63-74 accessed: 16 October 2007
  5. ^ Kelly's Directory of Essex. 1914. p. 33. Retrieved 17 May 2024.
  6. ^ "Local Government Act 1894",, The National Archives, 1894 c. 73, retrieved 12 April 2024
  7. ^ "Local Government Act 1894",, The National Archives, 1894 c. 73, retrieved 12 April 2024
  8. ^ "Barking Urban District / Municipal Borough". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 17 May 2024.
  9. ^ A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5. Londno: Victoria County History. 1966. pp. 219–222. Retrieved 1 May 2024.
  10. ^ "Dagenham Urban District / Municipal Borough". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 1 May 2024.
  11. ^ Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. Vol. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
  12. ^ Alteration of areas and status of local authorities 1980–1982 (PDF). London: Department of the Environment. 1982. p. 1729. Retrieved 16 May 2024.
  13. ^ "Past Mayors". Archived from the original on 26 September 2007.
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Listed Buildings in Barking and Dagenham". Retrieved 27 October 2022.
  16. ^ Project UK-Barking: urban development (Operis) Archived 12 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine accessed 16 October 2007
  17. ^ "Religion - Religion in England and Wales: Census 2021, ONS".
  18. ^ "The borough of Barking". British History Online. Retrieved 26 January 2007.
  19. ^ The Becontree Housing Estate Archived 16 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine (LB Barking & Dagenham) accessed 25 February 2009
  20. ^ Easton, Mark (23 July 2013). "An average baby?". BBC News.
  21. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Ethnic minorities in Britain: statistical information on the pattern of settlement". Commission for Racial Equality: Table 2.2. 1985.
  24. ^ "1991 census – theme tables". NOMIS. Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  25. ^ "KS006 - Ethnic group". NOMIS. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  26. ^ "Ethnic Group by measures". NOMIS. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  27. ^ "Ethnic group - Office for National Statistics". Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  28. ^ Boothroyd, David. "Greater London Council Election results: Barking and Dagenham". United Kingdom Election Results. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2023.
  29. ^ "Town Twinning. Barking and Dagenham". Archived from the original on 16 June 2007.
  30. ^ "London's Poverty Profile". Trust for London. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  31. ^ Rasiah, Janine (16 September 2016). "Sign up to study at Coventry University's Dagenham Civic Centre campus". Barking and Dagenham Post. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  32. ^ "Full-time degree courses | CU London". Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  33. ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode.
  34. ^ London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. "Chapter 2: Local Transport Context" (PDF). London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 March 2019. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  35. ^ "Go-ahead for London Overground Barking Riverside extension". International Railway Journal. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  36. ^ "Bus routes & borough reports - Transport for London". Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  37. ^ "Ilford – Barking Riverside future route". Retrieved 22 March 2019.
  38. ^ "Bedrock (Hospital Radio)". Bedrock (Hospital Radio).
  39. ^ "London Fire Brigade - Barking and Dagenham Profile" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 February 2008.
  40. ^ "London Fire Brigade - Barking and Dagenham Profile" (PDF). Archived from the original on 29 February 2008.
  41. ^ "Tributes to 'Mr Housing' who served on council for 31 years". 2 March 2021.
  42. ^ King, Jon (28 April 2021). "Paul Ince, Sandie Shaw, Ford strike activist and town hall chief awarded Barking and Dagenham's top honour". The Barking and Dagenham Post. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  43. ^ "Council grants Honorary Freedom of the Borough to trade union activist, Managing Director of the Council, 60's pop star and former professional footballer". Barking and Dagenham Borough Council. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  44. ^ King, Jon (28 April 2021). "Ex-footballer, Ford strike leader and Iranian embassy siege cop awarded Barking and Dagenham's highest accolade". The Barking and Dagenham Post. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  45. ^ "Let's salute the Freemen of the Borough!". Barking and Dagenham Post. 5 February 2010.
  46. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]

51°33′N 0°07′E / 51.550°N 0.117°E / 51.550; 0.117