London Buses route 111

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111
Au Morandarte Flickr DSC01318 (9614925461).jpg
Overview
Operator London United
Garage Hounslow (AV)
Vehicle Scania OmniCity 10.8m
Peak vehicle requirement 23
Night-time 24-hour service
Route
Start Heathrow Airport Central bus station
Via Cranford
Heston
Hounslow
Hanworth
Hampton
End Kingston
Length 15 miles (24 km)
Service
Level Daily
Frequency 8-9 minutes
Journey time 54-89 minutes
Operates 24-hour service

London Buses route 111 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, England. Running between Heathrow Airport Central bus station and Kingston, it is operated by London United.

History[edit]

Route 111 started on 16 February 1944, as part of a restructuring and of routes 110, 110A and 110B. It ran from Hounslow Garage via High Street, Bath Road, Hounslow West, Vicarage Farm Road, New Heston Road, Heston, Heston Road, Lampton, Kingsley Road, Hounslow Garage, Hanworth Road, and Hounslow Road, to Hanworth Brown Bear. The route was operated by ST buses from Hounslow Garage. The circular section via Heston was shown in red on roadside timetables.

STs from Mortlake Garage started to operate some of the weekend duties. From 26 October 1949 the STs were replaced by Regent III RTs from Hounslow Garage, and also Mortlake Garage at weekends. RTL buses from Riverside Garage replaced the Mortlake allocation on Saturdays from 3 May 1950.

The Mortlake and Riverside allocations were replaced by RTs from Twickenham Garage.

On 12 October 1955, the part of the circular section from Hounslow to Heston via Hounslow West was withdrawn and replaced by new route 232. Route 111 was extended from Heston to London Airport Central via Cranford. On 2 May 1956, the section between London Airport Central and Cranford Queen's Head was withdrawn.

On 11 January 1958, the Saturday evening service between Hanworth and Richmond was withdrawn. The Saturday afternoon extension to Richmond was cut back to Twickenham Station on 23 July 1958, the Twickenham allocation was withdrawn, and the Saturday and Sunday service was extended in Cranford from the Queen's Head to the Berkeley Arms. From 12 October 1960 the remaining journeys between London Airport Central and Cranford were withdrawn, and the Cranford terminus on Monday to Friday journeys was changed to the Berkeley Arms.

On 1 July 1964, route 111 was extended from Hanworth to Hampton station. At the same time the route was withdrawn between Hounslow and Cranford, except during Monday to Friday peaks.

On 21 February 1966, the weekday evening service was extended to Cranford, but this was reversed on 7 September 1968.

Route 111 was converted to driver-only single-deck operation with AEC Swifts on 23 August 1969. It initially operated only between Cranford (weekday peaks and Sundays) or Hounslow Garage (weekday off-peaks and Saturdays) and Hanworth. At the same time a self-service system was introduced on routes 110 and 111, with passengers buying tickets from a machine.[1] The on-board ticket machines were unreliable and the buses were withdrawn on 30 January 1971 and replaced with conventional driver-only operation. At the same time the Monday to Friday daytime service was reinstated between Hanworth and Hampton Station.

On 19 July 1975, the Saturday evening and weekday service was extended to Cranford, and the Saturday evening and Sunday service was extended to Hampton Station. The AEC Swifts were replaced by Leyland Nationals on 22 August 1976. On 28 January 1978, route 111 was extended from Hounslow to Cranford and from Hampton to Kingston at all times.

On 25 April 1981 the route was extended from Cranford to Heathrow Airport Central. On 7 September 1982 double-deck operation once was reintroduced, using MCW Metrobuses. On 31 August 1996, the Kingston terminus was extended from Wood Street to Cromwell Road.

In 2000, low-floor Alexander ALX400 bodied Volvo B7TL double deckers were adopted and Alexander ALX400-bodied Dennis Trident 2s were bought first-hand to increase the frequency.

From 1 December 2007, route 111 was converted into a 24-hour service; before its introduction a number of residents in Hampton complained to the local newspaper and TfL, who named the alternative of more route 481 buses bypassing Hampton to the north-east.[2] Supporters of the extension in hours of operation included the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames.[3]

Upon being re-tendered, the route was retained by London United with a contract commencing on 1 May 2010 with new Scania OmniCitys. Weekday peak hours service increased to every 8–9 minutes.[4]

The route has been operated from Hounslow Garage for over seventy years, with other garages being involved only at weekends between 1947 and 1958.

Current route[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graeme Bruce, J; Curtis, Colin (1977). The London Motor Bus: Its Origins and Development. London Transport. p. 116. ISBN 0853290830. 
  2. ^ "24-hour bus scheme fury" Richmond & Twickenham Times 24 October 2007
  3. ^ "24 hour service for 111 bus route" Transport for London 26 November 2007.
  4. ^ Councillors' Details - London Borough of Richmond upon Thames

External links[edit]