London Buses route 78
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2015)|
|Garage||Ash Grove (AE)|
|Vehicle||Alexander Dennis Enviro400H City 10.4m|
|Peak vehicle requirement||16|
|Night-time||No Night service|
|Length||6 miles (9.7 km)|
|Frequency||8-12 minutes|
|Journey time||33-56 minutes|
|Operates||05:25 until 01:26 |
In December 1952, a number 78 double-decker bus was crossing Tower Bridge. At that time, the gateman would ring a warning bell and close the gates when the bridge was clear before the watchman ordered the raising of the bridge. The process failed while a relief watchman was on duty. The bus was near the edge of the south bascule when it started to rise; driver Albert Gunter made a split-second decision to accelerate the bus, clearing a six-foot (2m) drop onto the north bascule, which had not started to rise. The conductor broke his leg, and twelve of the twenty passengers aboard received minor injuries. The driver was later rewarded with a £10 bonus.
On 13 August 1988 it was extended from Dulwich Hill to Forest Hill partly replacing route 12. Upon being tendered, on 10 November 1990 it passed to London & Country. On 13 March 1994 it was withdrawn between Peckham Rye and Forest Hill. On 28 June 1997 it was transferred to fellow Cowie Group company Kentish Bus, then on 31 January 1998 to Grey-Green and finally on 27 March 1999 to Arriva London.
The route was retained by Arriva London following re-tendering in 2003, November 2010 and November 2015. New Alexander Dennis Enviro 400 double deckers were introduced on 17 April 2011..
Following the November 2015 tender, new Enviro400H City vehicles were ordered with the expectation that they would enter service in November 2015. The first buses of this type to operate in London, the Enviro400H City is visually styled on the New Routemaster and Enviro200 MMC, suggested to be a cost effective alternative to the New Routemaster for use in the London suburbs. The first of these entered service on 7 December 2015.
Route 78 operates via these primary locations:
- Shoreditch Calvert Avenue
- Shoreditch High Street station
- Liverpool Street station
- Aldgate station
- Tower Gateway station
- Tower of London
- Tower Bridge
- City Hall
- Peckham High Street
- Peckham Rye station
- Nunhead St Mary's Road
- Foreign News: The Jumping Bus in Time Magazine, 12 January 1953; online at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,817691,00.html
- Consultation on proposed changes to terminal arrangements on route 78 Transport for London December 2011
- Transport for London (2003-05-08). "Bus tender results - Transport for London". Tfl.gov.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
- Transport for London (2010-05-14). "Bus tender results - Transport for London". Tfl.gov.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
- Transport for London (2015-03-31). "Bus tender results - Transport for London". Tfl.gov.uk. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
- "Arriva London". Arriva London. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
- "ADL gets the London look- Route-one.net". Route-One.net. Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- "BUSES Magazine, Issue 730 (January 2016)". BUSES Magazine. 19 December 2015. p. 66.
- Route 78 Map Transport for London
- Media related to London Buses route 78 at Wikimedia Commons