London Convention (1884)
|A Convention Between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic|
|Context||Retrocession of the South African Republic after the First Boer War|
|Signed||27 February 1884|
|Location||London, United Kingdom|
|Effective||27 February 1884|
|Expiration||31 May 1902|
|London Convention at Wikisource|
The London Convention was a treaty made in 1884 between the United Kingdom, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic. The London Convention superseded the 1881 Pretoria Convention.
Content of the convention
The convention incorporated the bulk of the earlier Pretoria Convention, but with two major differences.
Name of the country
It corrected the name of the country, from the Transvaal Territory used in the 1881 Pretoria convention, to the South African Republic at the request of the South African republic Volksraad.
The main, and most important aspect of the London Convention is that British suzerainty over the South African Republic, was relinquished.
- G.W. Eybers (1917). Select constitutional documents illustrating South African history, 1795–1910. pp. 469–470.