London Convention (1884)

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London Convention (1884)
A Convention Between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic
Context Retrocession of the South African Republic after the First Boer War
Signed 27 February 1884
Location London, United Kingdom
Effective 27 February 1884
Expiration 31 May 1902
Language English
London Convention at Wikisource

The London Convention was a treaty made in 1884 between the United Kingdom, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic.[1] The London Convention superseded the 1881 Pretoria Convention.

Historical background[edit]

The treaty governed the relations between the ZAR and the United Kingdom, following the retrocession of the South African Republic in the aftermath of the First Boer War.

Content of the convention[edit]

The convention incorporated the bulk of the earlier Pretoria Convention, but with two major differences.

Name of the country[edit]

It corrected the name of the country, from the Transvaal Territory used in the 1881 Pretoria convention, to the South African Republic at the request of the South African republic Volksraad.


The main, and most important aspect of the London Convention is that British suzerainty over the South African Republic, was relinquished.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ G.W. Eybers (1917). Select constitutional documents illustrating South African history, 1795–1910. pp. 469–470.