List of cycle routes in London
For those cycling in, around or across London a network of cycleways called the London Cycle Network exists within the London Metropolitan Area as well as an expanding network of "Cycle Superhighways" and an emerging network of "Quietways". Also, a number of national and international cycling routes pass through, or originate in, London.
- 1 Cycle Superhighways
- 2 Quietways
- 3 London Cycle Network routes
- 4 National and international routes
- 5 TfL Cycling Guides
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Twelve new bicycle routes, dubbed Cycle Superhighways, were announced in 2008 by Mayor Ken Livingstone, with the aim of creating continuous cycle routes from outer London into and across central London by the end of 2012.
As of May 2016[update], only seven cycle superhighways were operational: CS1—CS3 and CS5—CS8.
All twelve routes had been mapped with route numbers based on the 'clock face' radial direction each route took; for example, CS6 runs in a 6 o'clock direction. The originally proposed CS6 and CS12 routes were later cancelled.
Two route changes were later announced:
- an extension of CS3 to become part of an 18-mile long East-West Cycle Superhighway dubbed the "Crossrail for Bikes"
- a new North-South Cycle Superhighway, co-branded as CS6 and replacing the originally planned CS6 route.
|CS1||Tottenham to Liverpool Street (A10)||Was completed in April 2016.||CS1(a)
|CS2||Stratford to Aldgate (A118 - A11)||Upgrade between Bow and Aldgate was completed in April 2016, with separated cycle tracks replacing cycle lanes along the majority of the route. A further extension from Stratford to Barking has been proposed.||CS2|
|CS3||Barking to Westminster (A13 - A1202 - A3211)||* Part of the East-West Cycle Superhighway.
* The original route was from Barking to Tower Gateway.
* An extension westwards to Westminster opened in May 2016, with a further extension of the East-West Cycle Superhighway to Lancaster Gate to be completed by winter 2017.
* There are proposals to extend the East-West Cycle Superhighway further westwards to Acton, although this section may be part of the proposed CS10 route.
|CS4||Woolwich to Tower Bridge (A206 - A200)|
|CS5||Oval to Pimlico (A202)||To be extended later to eventually run from Lewisham to Victoria (A20 - A202).||CS5|
|CS6||Elephant & Castle to Stonecutter Street||* Also known as North-South Cycle Superhighway.
* Construction of an extension northwards to King's Cross is expected to begin in spring 2017.
* The originally proposed CS6 route was to have run from Penge to the City.
|CS7||Merton to the City (A24 - A3)||CS7|
|CS8||Wandsworth to Westminster (A3 - A3205 - Vauxhall Cross)||CS8|
|CS9||Hounslow - Olympia (A315)||Originally was planned to run from Heathrow to Hyde Park Corner.|
|CS10||Park Royal to Hyde Park Corner (A40 - borough roads)||Possibly will be constructed as part of Phase 2 of the East-West Cycle Superhighway plans.||EWSC (Phase 2)|
|CS11||Brent Cross to the West End (A5)||The first phase of CS11 will run from Swiss Cottage to the West End via Regent's Park. TfL "aim to start construction at Swiss Cottage in autumn 2017 with completion planned for 2018".|
Implementation and safety concerns
The London Cycling Campaign proposed a manifesto concerning safety, cycle priority and junction design along the Superhighways. The former Mayor Boris Johnson declined to sign it, but said that TfL would take stakeholders' views into account.
The implementation of the routes has drawn criticism as being unsafe, for example from urbanist and author Charles Montgomery, who, writing in The Guardian, described them as "inherently dangerous pieces of infrastructure... [that lead] cyclists directly into confrontation with other vehicles". However, he was writing at the time when the Cycle Superhighways were not physically segregated from the road.
An unofficial photo journey with commentary along the current super highways is available.
The building of the routes has not been without opposition. On 19 July 2011 the Mayor's office announced the opening of two more cycle superhighways, CS2 from Bow to Aldgate and CS8 from Westminster to Wandsworth. CS2 was originally being planned to extend as far as Ilford, but was met with opposition by the Mayor of Newham Sir Robin Wales. Blaming enough roadworks already on Stratford High Street, Sir Robin Wales made the decision to block the route from entering Newham on the grounds of cyclists' safety. The route has since been extended east around the A11/A12 roundabout as far as the Stratford gyratory.
Unlike Cycle Superhighways which are intended to give cyclists a quicker way around London, Quietways, also promoted by Transport for London, target less confident cyclists who want to use lower traffic routes, whilst also providing for existing cyclists who want to travel at a more gentle pace.
Routes are generally along back-streets, through parks, along waterways or tree-lined streets, and are designed to overcome barriers to cycling such as high volumes of traffic and unsafe crossings.
The first Quietway (Q1) opened in June 2016 and runs between Waterloo and Greenwich. Most of the first seven Quietway routes (Q1–Q7) are due to be completed by the end of 2017, with several more Quietways expected to be delivered over time.
|Q1||South Bank - Waterloo East station - Bermondsey - South Bermondsey station - Deptford station - Greenwich station||Lambeth, Southwark, Lewisham, Greenwich||Route is diverted around The Den on Millwall match days.||Q1|
|Q2||Bloomsbury to Hackney||Camden, Islington, Hackney, Waltham Forest||Will later be extended to Walthamstow.
There are further proposals for a continuous route from East Acton to Walthamstow.
|Q3||Regent's Park to Gladstone Park (Dollis Hill)||City of Westminster, Camden, Brent||Q3|
|Q4||Clapham Common to Wimbledon||Merton, Wandsworth||Q4|
|Q5||Waterloo - Clapham Common - Norbury||Lambeth, Wandsworth||Was originally planned as a 'Waterloo to Croydon' route.||Q5|
|Q6||Mile End to Barkingside||Tower Hamlets, Hackney, Newham, Redbridge||Will later be extended to run from Aldgate to Hainault||Q6|
|Q7||Elephant & Castle - Dulwich - Crystal Palace||Lambeth, Southwark||Q7|
|Q8||Kennington Park to Burgess Park||Lambeth, Southwark||Q8|
|Q10||Farringdon - Finsbury Park - Bowes Park||Islington, Haringey|
|Q11||Southwark Bridge to Islington||City of London, Islington|
|Q12||Covent Garden to West Hampstead||From Greville Road (Covent Garden) to Compayne Gardens (West Hampstead)|
|Q13||Farringdon to Broadway Market||Islington, Hackney|
|Q14||Waterloo - Canada Water - Greenwich - Thamesmead||Southwark, Lewisham, Greenwich||Route has previously been referred to as Jubilee Quietway|
|Q15||Kensington High Street - Sloane Square - Belgravia||Kensington & Chelsea, City of Westminster|
|Q16||Paddington Arm to West Drayton||Along Grand Union Canal|
|Q24||Victoria Park to Newham Way|
|Q83||Bermondsey to Nunhead||Southwark|
London Cycle Network routes
Several London Cycle Network routes are signposted with route numbers, depending on whether the route is considered to be radial or orbital and which of four sectors the route is contained within. Some of these routes are also part of the National Cycle Network - these are signposted with route numbers on a red background. The LCN route numbers are broadly grouped as follows:
- 0 Seven Stations Circular, City - (Waterloo) – Westminster – (Paddington) – (Kings Cross)
- 1 NCN, Dartford - Greenwich – (Lea Valley) – Tottenham – (Edmonton) - Waltham Abbey
- 2 A2, Bexleyheath, Eltham, Greenwich - Central London / Westminster
- 3 old A3, (Esher) - Kingston - (Wandsworth) – Battersea - Central London
- 4 NCN. Greenwich - Westminster or Central London – (Barnes) - Kingston - Windsor
- 5 old A5, (Elstree) - Edgware – Kilburn – Westminster – Battersea
- 6 Barnet - Camden – (West End) – (Waterloo) - Elephant and Castle
- 6 NCN, Paddington – (Alperton) - Uxbridge
- 7 Elephant and Castle - City - (Finsbury Park) - Wood Green – (Southgate)
- 8 Includes Market Porters & 7 Stations, Hammersmith - (Paddington) - (Angel) - Hackney – (Wanstead)
- 9 Epping – (Chingford) - Walthamstow - Hackney - City
- 10 A10, Cheshunt - Enfield - Tottenham - City – (Southwark Bridge) - Elephant and Castle
- 11 A11, Epping - (Woodford) - (Leytonstone) - Stratford - City
- 12 A12, Romford - Ilford - Stratford - City
- 13 NCN, Purfleet – Rainham – (Royal Docks) – City
- 12 A13, Tilbury - Rainham - (Canning Town) – City
- 14 Islington – Finsbury Park – Hornsey - Alexander Palace
- 15 (Upminster) - Barking - (Canning Town) - City
- 16 Newham Greenway, Beckton – Stratford – (Cambridge Heath)
- 17 Greenwich Park – Lewisham – Catford – Beckenham, West Wickham
- 18 Dartford - Erith - Woolwich - Greenwich
- 19 Dartford - Bexleyheath - Greenwich
- 20 A20, Swanley - (Chislehurst) – Lewisham – (Deptford) – (Surrey Docks)
- 20 NCN Wandle Trail, Carshalton – (Wandsworth)
- 21 NCN Waterlink Way, Greenwich – Lewisham - Catford – (Elmers End) – (New Addington) - Crawley
- 22 Orpington - Bromley – Catford - Peckham - Central London
- 23 A23, Purley - Croydon - Crystal Palace - (Camberwell) - Central London
- 24 Carshalton – (Wandsworth)
- 25 South Circular - Woolwich - Catford - (Clapham) – (Barnes)
- 26 Eltham - Crystal Palace – Streatham – (Wandsworth) – Hammersmith – (Willesden)
- 27 Part A21, Sevenoaks - Bromley - Crystal Palace – Battersea
- 28 Bromley – Lee - Greenwich
- 29 Sutton – Wimbledon – Wandsworth
- 30 A30, Staines - (Osterley)
- 31 A3 Kingston by-pass parallel, Leatherhead - (Hook) – (New Malden) - Hammersmith
- 32 (Ewell) – Kingston – (Whitton)? - Hounslow - Hayes
- 33 Leatherhead - (Chessington) - Kingston - Richmond
- 34 (Sunbury) – Hounslow – (Southall)
- 35 A315 - Staines - Hounslow - (Chiswick) - Hammersmith
- 36 A316 - (Sunbury) - Twickenham - Hammersmith
- 37 A316 parallel, (Feltham) - Twickenham - Richmond – (Wandsworth) - Central London
- 38 Wimbledon – Putney - Westminster
- 39 A4020 Uxbridge Road - Uxbridge - Ealing - (Shepherd's Bush) - Central London
- 40 A40 (Hillingdon) - (Greenford) – (Hanger Lane) - Central London
- 41 Uxbridge Road parallel, (Acton) – Ealing – (Hayes)
- 42 Grand Union Canal, Westminster - Hayes
- 44 A4 - Slough - (Osterley) – Hammersmith – (Hyde Park Corner)
- 45 Harrow - Wembley - Kensington – Battersea
- 46 (Fulham) – (Willesden)
- 47 (Queen's Park) – Wembley – (Kenton)
- 48 Kilburn – Wembley – (Kingsbury)
- 49 (Hendon) - Harrow - (Pinner) – (Northwood)
- 50 (Marylebone) – (Hendon) - Potters Bar
- 54 (Alexandra Palace) - Wood Green – Tottenham - Walthamstow
- 55 Barking - Ilford – (Wanstead)
- 57 (Dagenham) - Epping
- 58 (Rainham) – Romford - Epping
- 59 (Rainham) – (Harold Hill)
- 60 (Collier Row)
- 61 Romford – (Bedfords Park)
- 62 Greenwich – (Forest Hill)
- 63 Greenwich - Bromley
- 64 (Greenwich Dome) – (Mottingham)
- 67 Bromley (Chislehurst) - Woolwich
- 68 Bexley – (Abbey Wood)
- 69 Orpington – (Bexley) - Dartford
- 73 Croydon – Wimbledon - Richmond
- 74 Streatham - Wimbledon - Kingston – Feltham - Heathrow
- 75 Woolwich - Eltham - Bromley - Croydon - Sutton - Kingston - Twickenham - Ealing
- 76 Orpington - Croydon – Sutton - (Ewell)
- 77 (New Beckenham) - (South Croydon) - (Ewell)
- 84 (Park Royal) – (Hendon)
- 85 Barnet - Hendon – (Hanger Lane) - Ealing
- 86 (Brentford) - Ealing - (Perivale) - (Sudbury)
- 87 (Brentford) - (Hanwell) - (Greenford) – (Rayners Lane)
- 88 A312, Feltham - (Hayes by pass), - (South Ruislip) - (Rayners Lane) - Edgware
- 89 (Heathrow) - (West Drayton) - Uxbridge - (Hatch End) - (Stanmore) - Barnet
National and international routes
National Cycle Network routes
Eight National Cycle Network (NCN) routes pass through London:
- NCN1 (follows the Thames)
- NCN4 (London to Fishguard)
- NCN6 Paddington – (Alperton) - Uxbridge
- NCN13 Purfleet – Rainham – Barking (Royal Docks) – City (same route as CS3)
- NCN20 (the Avenue Verte follows the Wandle Trail from Wandsworth - Carshalton, then on to Coulsdon).
- NCN21 (the Waterlink Way from Greenwich - Catford - Beckenham - Addington).
- NCN212: (Beddington Park, Sutton – South Norwood Country Park, Croydon)
- NCN232: (Mitcham Common, Merton – Lloyd Park, Croydon)
EuroVelo and other international routes
Two EuroVelo routes pass through London: these are EuroVelo 2 (dubbed the Capitals' Route, which runs between Ireland and Moscow) and EuroVelo 5 (called the Via Romea Francigena, which runs between London and Rome).
Other international routes include the Avenue Verte route which runs between London and Paris. The Avenue Verte follows the NCN20 for much of the way out of London and crosses the English Channel via the Newhaven – Dieppe ferry.
TfL Cycling Guides
- Central London
- Edgware, Mill Hill, Finchley, Barnet, Wood Green, Enfield, Tottenham, Chingford
- Northwood, Pinner, Ruislip, Stanmore, Harrow, Wembley, Kenton, Edgware, Mill Hill, Hendon
- Mill Hill, Hendon, Hampstead, Finchley, Wood Green, Tottenham, Chingford, Woodford, Walthamstow, Hackney, Islington
- Woodford, Wanstead, Ilford, Romford, Hornchurch, Upminster, Harold Wood
- Uxbridge, Hayes, Heathrow, Hounslow, Southall, Greenford, Ealing, Willesden, Acton, Chiswick
- Kensington, Battersea, Brixton, Willesden, Camden Town, Islington, Stepney, West Ham, Poplar, Greenwich, Woolwich
- Beckton, Barking, Dagenham, Charlton, Woolwich, Plumstead, Erith, Eltham
- Hounslow, Heathrow, Feltham, Chiswick, Twickenham, Wandsworth, Richmond, Kingston, Surbiton, Sutton
- Bromley, Beckenham, Crystal Palace, Catford, Lewisham, Streatham, Mitcham, Wandsworth, Kingston, Surbiton
- Lewisham, Catford, Beckenham, Bromley, Eltham, Bexley, Sidcup, Chislehurst, Orpington
- Sutton, Coulsdon, Sanderstead, Purley, Carshalton, Croydon
- Coulsdon, Sanderstead, Purley, Croydon, New Addington, Farnborough, Biggin Hill
- Hampstead, Tottenham, Wood Green, Stoke Newington, Hackney, Clapham, Tooting, Sydenham
- Cycling in London
- Santander Cycles
- National Cycle Network
- Cycleways in England
- List of cycleways
- London greenways
- Segregated cycle facilities
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- LCC, London Cyclist magazine, December 2009, p7.
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- "The Truth About London's Cycle Superhighways – Part 4". This Big City. 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
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- "Cycling Grid". Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
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- "Approval of the Council's Local Implementation Delivery Plan, Annual Spending Submission for 2017/18" (PDF). Southwark Council. 20 September 2016.
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