London District (British Army)
Insignia of the London District
|Part of||Field Army|
|Major-General Benjamin J Bathurst CBE|
In January 1876 a ‘Mobilization Scheme for the forces in Great Britain and Ireland’ was published, with the ‘Active Army’ divided into eight army corps based on the District Commands. 3rd Corps was to be formed within London District, based in Croydon. This scheme disappeared in 1881, when the districts were retitled ‘District Commands.
It was re-formed in 1905 as London District to be an independent district within the larger command structure of the army, and has remained so ever since. In 1906, when the Chief of the General Staff moved to the Old War Office Building, HQ London District moved to Horse Guards.
In September 1939, the district included the 1st and 2nd London Divisions, the 22nd Armoured Brigade, the Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards and five Guards infantry battalions. During the Second World War the operational headquarters of London District was temporarily based at Leconfield House in Curzon Street.
After the War London District returned to Horse Guards, where it remains under the command of the General Officer Commanding (GOC), currently Major-General Benjamin Bathurst, CBE. The incumbent is concurrently the Major-General Commanding the Household Division. The Garrison Sergeant Major is currently Warrant Officer Class 1 (WO1) Andrew 'Vern' Stokes COLDM GDS.
London District, in addition to its traditional roles, serves as an administrative apparatus for operational infantry battalions that are not attached to a deployable brigade, but instead are available for independent deployment as needed.
HQ London District is responsible for the administration of all Army units within Greater London that are not part of another formation, including those based at Windsor:
- Regular Army Units
- Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment, Hyde Park Barracks, Knightsbridge, London
- King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery, Woolwich, London
- 1st Battalion, Grenadier Guards, Lille Barracks, Aldershot
- 1st Battalion, Irish Guards, Cavalry Barracks, Hounslow, London
- 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards, Victoria Barracks, Windsor
- 2nd Battalion, The Princess of Wales's Royal Regiment (Queen's and Royal Hampshires), Royal Artillery Barracks, Woolwich, London
- Nijmegen Company, Grenadier Guards based at Wellington Barracks
- No 7 Company, Coldstream Guards based at Wellington Barracks
- F Company, Scots Guards based at Wellington Barracks
- 20 Transport Squadron, Royal Logistic Corps based at Regents Park Barracks, (provides all the transport needs for London District and the Royal Household)
- 238 Signal Squadron, Royal Corps of Signals (provides all communications for London District)
- Army Reserve Units
- From Restoration to the 21st Century Archived January 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- Army List 1876–1881.
- The Old War Office Building
- Tabor, p. 19
- Niehorster, London District
- "The Secret Architecture of London". Geocities. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- "WO1 (GSM) Andrew 'Vern' Stokes, Coldstream Guards". Trooping the Colour. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- 56 (London) Brigade at regiments.org Archived July 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- Tabor, Paddy, The Household Cavalry Museum, Ajanta Book Publishing, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84820-882-7