London Heathrow Terminal 1

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London Heathrow Terminal 1

London Heathrow Terminal 1 was one of five airport terminals at London Heathrow Airport, serving the capital city of London. Terminal 1 closed on 29 June 2015. It was only occupied by Oneworld member British Airways which operated just 20 daily flights to 9 destinations prior to its closure. Its demolition will enable construction of the second phase of the new Terminal 2.[1]

History[edit]

British European Airways aircraft at Terminal 1 in 1971.
Lineup of British Airways aircraft at T1 in the early 1980s.

Terminal 1 was opened in 1968 and was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in May 1969. At the time Terminal 1 was the biggest short-haul terminal of its kind in Western Europe.[2]

A new pier (the so called Europier) was added in the 1990s which increased the capacity of the terminal, catering for widebody aircraft. There is separation between arriving and departing passengers within the International section, although the terminal was not originally built to cater for this separation.[citation needed] In 2005, a substantial redesign and redevelopment of Terminal 1 was completed, which saw the opening of the new Eastern Extension, doubling the departure lounge in size and creating additional seating and retail space.

Since the buyout of British Midland International, British Airways served some short- and medium-haul destinations from this terminal.

Terminal 1 closed on 29 June 2015 to allow the second stage of Terminal 2's expansion.[1] Ahead of its closure, all remaining flights were moved to other terminals.[3][4] Several airlines already left Terminal 1 ahead of this date during 2014 and 2015. The last tenants alongside British Airways were Icelandair, El Al and TAM Airlines,[5] the third one moved to Terminal 3 on 27 May 2015.

The final flight to ever depart Terminal 1 was British Airways BA0970 to Hannover, Germany, which departed at 21:30 on 29 June 2015. British Airways was the last airline to operate out of Terminal 1 with flights to Amman-Queen Alia, Baku, Beirut and Cairo which all moved to Terminal 5 and to Bilbao, Hanover, Luxembourg, Lyon and Marseille which all have been relocated to Terminal 3.[3]

Facilities[edit]

Due to its impending closure, there were just six shops left airside in the terminal by June 2015: Boots, Cocoon, Dixons Travel, Glorious Britain, WH Smith and World Duty Free. There is an airside link to Terminal 2 allowing passengers to also use the facilities in the other terminal. The Star Alliance lounge, the El Al King David Lounge and the Servisair lounge were closed prior to the closure of the Terminal. The British Airways International lounge near Gate 5 was operational until the end. The gates at Terminal 1 are numbered 2-8, 16-21 and 74-78.

Ground transport[edit]

Road links[edit]

As part of the three central terminals at Heathrow, it was well linked to the M4 motorway via the M4 spur road and through a tunnel under the north runway. There was a short stay car park directly opposite the terminal and there was also a long stay car park on the Northern Perimeter Road by the northern entrance to the tunnel accessed by a shuttle bus service.

Rail links[edit]

Terminal 1 was accessed by the London Underground from Heathrow Terminals 1,2,3 tube station, with trains towards Cockfosters station via Central London. The Terminal was also accessed by Heathrow Connect and Express from Heathrow Central where services go to London Paddington.

Bus links[edit]

Terminal 1 was accessible to both bus and coach services from Heathrow central bus station. Services were:[6]

  • 724Heathrow - Uxbridge - Watford - Hatfield - Welwyn Garden City - Hertford - Harlow
  • A40 – Heathrow - Uxbridge - Beaconsfield - High Wycombe

* - Buses marked with an asterisk run as part of the London bus network on behalf of TfL

There were also several coach services operated by National Express

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Heathrow Terminal 1 at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°28′23″N 0°27′04″W / 51.473°N 0.451°W / 51.473; -0.451