London Hilton bombing

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London Hilton bombing
LocationHilton Hotel, Park Lane, London, UK.
Coordinates51°30′19″N 0°09′01″W / 51.5054°N 0.1504°W / 51.5054; -0.1504Coordinates: 51°30′19″N 0°09′01″W / 51.5054°N 0.1504°W / 51.5054; -0.1504
Date5 September 1975
12:18 (UTC+1)
TargetHilton Hotel, London
Attack type
Bombing
WeaponsHome-made bomb
Deaths2
Injuries
63
PerpetratorsProvisional Irish Republican Army

On 5 September 1975 a bomb exploded in the lobby of the Hilton Hotel on Park Lane, London, killing two people and injuring 63.[1]

Bombing[edit]

Ten minutes before the explosion, the Daily Mail newspaper received a warning by telephone. Having been notified, Scotland Yard immediately sent three officers to investigate, but they were not able to evacuate the building before the bomb exploded at 12:18 BST.[2] The Provisional IRA claimed responsibility for the bombing.[3] Police worked quickly to clear the area after the explosion fearing there could be another device nearby. The blast caused extensive damage to the hotel and neighbouring shops with broken glass spread over a wide area. Witnesses said police arrived only five minutes before the bomb went off, and it is not clear whether the hotel was warned before they turned up. A spokesman for the Metropolitan Police said an officer telephoned the Hilton shortly after receiving the warning, but the hotel denied this. "A policeman was just telling the assistant manager that he had better evacuate when the bomb went off," said press officer Anne Crewdson.[4]

Two weeks after the Hilton bombing the IRA unit targeted another London hotel. On the 22 September 1975 a bomb exploded at the Portman Hotel in Portman Square which injured three people.[5] This was the same hotel that the IRA unit attacked with a machine gun in January 1975 in which eight people were injured.https://www.nytimes.com/1975/09/23/archives/bomb-injures-three-at-hotel-in-the-west-end-of-london.html

Second bombing[edit]

A second attempt to bomb the London Hilton hotel was made on 7 September 1992. The explosion caused slight damage in a lavatory on the ground floor but nobody was injured.[6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "1975: London Hilton bombed". BBC. 5 September 1975. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Hilton Bombing (1st)". Huddersfield Daily Examiner. Free Library. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  3. ^ "1975: London Hilton bombed". 5 September 1975 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  4. ^ "1975: London Hilton bombed". 5 September 1975 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  5. ^ https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/written-answers/1975/nov/11/bombings
  6. ^ Durham, Michael (7 September 1992). "Bomb explodes at Hilton after IRA warning". London: Independent newspaper. Retrieved 12 May 2013.