London Medical Papyrus

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London Medical Papyrus

The London Medical Papyrus is an ancient Egyptian papyrus in the British Museum, London, England. The writings of this papyrus are of 61 recipes, of which 25 are classified as medical while the remainder are of magic.[1] The medical foci of the writing are skin complaints, eye complaints, bleeding[2] (predominantly with the intent of preventing miscarriage through magical methods) and burns.[3][4]

The papyrus was first published in 1912 in Leipzig by Walter Wreszinski.[5]

The papyrus is also known as BM EA 10059.[6]

The papyrus is linked to fallout from the Bronze Age Santorini volcanic eruption, also referred to as the Minoan eruption,[3] dated to 1629–1628 BCE.[7][8][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Oldest Medical Books in the World". Ancient Medicine - World Research News Articles. World Research Foundation. Retrieved 2011-09-29. Excerpts taken from Magic and Medical Science in Ancient Egypt, by Paul Ghalioungui (1963) 
  2. ^ Waraksa, Elizabeth A. (2009). Female Figurines from the Mut Precinct: Context and Ritual Function. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 240. Fribourg / Göttingen: Academic Press Fribourg / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. ISBN 978-3-525-53456-4. 
  3. ^ a b Trevisanato, Siro Igino (October 17, 2005). "Treatments for burns in the London Medical Papyrus show the first seven biblical plagues of Egypt are coherent with Santorini's volcanic fallout". Medical Hypotheses. Elsevier. 66 (1): 193–196. doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2005.08.052. Retrieved 2012-02-03. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "The London Medical papyrus". British Museum. Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  5. ^ Steiner, Richard C. (July 1992). "Northwest Semitic Incantations in an Egyptian Medical Papyrus of the Fourteenth Century B.C.E. (dedicated to the memory of Klaus Baer)". Journal of Near Eastern Studies. University of Chicago Press. 51 (3): 191–200. doi:10.1086/373551. JSTOR 545544. 
  6. ^ "Google search page showing referenced content". Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  7. ^ Friedrich, Walter L.; Kromer, Bernd; Friedrich, Michael; Heinemeier, Jan; Pfeiffer, Tom; Talamo, Sahra (28 April 2006). "Santorini Eruption Radiocarbon Dated to 1627-1600 B.C." Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. 312 (5773): 548. doi:10.1126/science.1125087. PMID 16645088. Retrieved 5 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Baillie, M.G.L. (September 1989). "Irish Tree Rings and an Event in 1628 BC". In Hardy, D.A.; Renfrew, A.C. Thera and the Aegean world III. Proceedings of the Third International Congress. 3: "Chronology". London: The Thera Foundation. pp. 160–166. ISBN 0-9506133-6-3. LCCN 79322439. Archived from the original on 2012-02-06. 
  9. ^ Grudd, Håkan; Briffa, Keith R.; Gunnarson, Björn E.; Linderholm, Hans W. (September 2000). "Swedish tree rings provide new evidence in support of a major, widespread environmental disruption in 1628 BC". Geophysical Research Letters. American Geophysical Union / Wiley. 27 (18): 2957–2960. Bibcode:2000GeoRL..27.2957G. doi:10.1029/1999GL010852. 

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