Moorgate station

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Moorgate London Underground National Rail
Entrance to underground station, west side of Moorgate, London - geograph.org.uk - 1408534.jpg
Entrance to Moorgate prior to Crossrail works
Moorgate is located in Central London
Moorgate
Moorgate
Location of Moorgate in Central London
Location Moorgate
Local authority City of London
Managed by London Underground
Owner Transport for London
Network Rail
Station code MOG
DfT category E
Number of platforms 8
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 21.38 million[1]
2014 Increase 25.90 million[1]
2015 Increase 26.06 million[1]
2016 Increase 27.57 million[1]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2011–12 Increase 7.617 million[2]
– interchange  Increase 0.620 million[2]
2012–13 Increase 7.997 million[2]
– interchange  Increase 0.558 million[2]
2013–14 Increase 9.052 million[2]
– interchange   [x.yyy] million[2]
2014–15 Increase 9.398 million[2]
– interchange   0.580 million[2]
2015–16 Decrease 8.850 million[2]
– interchange  Decrease 0.440 million[2]
Key dates
1865 Opened (MR)
1900 Opened (C&SLR)
1904 Opened (GN&CR)
24 October 1924[3][4] renamed Moorgate
2009 Withdrawn (Thameslink)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°31′07″N 0°05′19″W / 51.5186°N 0.0886°W / 51.5186; -0.0886Coordinates: 51°31′07″N 0°05′19″W / 51.5186°N 0.0886°W / 51.5186; -0.0886
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Moorgate is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station on Moorgate in the City of London. Main line railway services for Hertford, Welwyn Garden City and Letchworth are operated by Great Northern, while the Underground station is served by the Circle, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan and Northern lines.

The station was opened as Moorgate Street in 1865 by the Metropolitan Railway. In 1900 the City & South London Railway added the station to its network and the Great Northern & City Railway began serving the station in 1904. In 1975 the Northern City Line platforms were the site of the Moorgate tube crash in which 43 people were killed—the worst accident in the history of the London Underground.[5]

Location and layout[edit]

The station has entrances on both Moorgate itself and Moorfields, which runs parallel.

While the public entrances from the street give access to all the train services at the station, there are three distinct levels.

Sub-surface platforms[edit]

Sub-surface Eastbound/Clockwise Platform 1 at Moorgate station prior to Crossrail works

The Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines of the Underground system all use platforms 1 and 2, which are through platforms. For terminating trains at busy times, there are platforms 3 and 4 which are west-facing bays. Adjacent to these are platforms 5 and 6 of the former Thameslink trains service from Bedford and Luton. These are disused following the closure of the Moorgate branch from Farringdon junction as part of the Thameslink Programme and are now used for the storage of permanent way material.

Deep level tube platforms[edit]

The Northern line of the Underground uses platforms 7 and 8, which are in a deep-level tube section of the station.

Deep level main line platforms[edit]

National Rail platform 9 looking north at Moorgate viewed from a Class 313

National Rail services on the Northern City Line use platforms 9 and 10, which are terminal platforms. Train services run via the East Coast Main Line to Welwyn Garden City, and to Hertford North, Stevenage, Hitchin or Letchworth.

History[edit]

The station was opened by the Metropolitan Railway in December 1865 when it extended its original route between Paddington and Farringdon.

Increasing traffic by other companies, including goods traffic, led to the line between King's Cross and Moorgate being widened to four tracks in 1868; the route was called the 'City Widened Lines'. Suburban services from the Midland Railway ran via Kentish Town and the Great Northern Railway ran via King's Cross. British Rail services to Moorgate were initially steam-operated before being converted to Cravens-built diesel multiple units and British Rail Class 31 locomotives class hauling non-corridor stock which remained in operation until the mid-1970s.

The Northern line platforms were opened by the City & South London Railway (C&SLR) as "Moorgate Street" in February 1900 and formed the northern terminus of its services from Stockwell south of the River Thames. The line was extended to Angel the following year.

The Northern City Line to Moorgate was opened by the Great Northern & City Railway (GN&CR) in February 1904 offering a service to Finsbury Park. The route was constructed in tube tunnels, but they were constructed at a diameter capable of accommodating main-line trains (in contrast to the majority of London tube tunnels which are much smaller). However, the planned through services to the Great Northern Railway's main line were never implemented, and the route remained a simple short route between Moorgate and Finsbury Park, later cut back to run between Moorgate and Drayton Park only, due to the construction of the Victoria line in the 1960s.

An S7 Circle line train on a Clockwise service via Liverpool Street viewed from the opposite platform with a C69/77 stock train on a Clockwise service via Paddington on the approach

Moorgate station was completely modernised at platform level and street level in the 1960s, and the Widened Lines part of the station was extended to six platforms. The realignment of the platforms enabled about 500 yd (460 m) of the line to Barbican to be straightened and moved south to facilitate development of the Barbican Estate.[6]

On 28 February 1975, 43 people were killed and 74 seriously injured in the Moorgate tube crash, when a southbound Northern City Line train crashed into the end of the dead-end tunnel beyond the platform. It was the greatest loss of life on the Underground during peacetime and the worst ever train accident on the system. The cause was the driver's unexplained failure to stop or even slow down at the platform, causing the train to run at speed into the dead-end tunnel, colliding with the buffers and then with the wall.[7]

British Rail (Eastern Region) took over control of the Northern City Line from London Underground in 1975, as part of the Great Northern lines suburban electrification. The Highbury Branch of the Northern line was terminated. Services from Finsbury Park to Moorgate were diverted to the Northern City Line from the City Widened Lines the following year. The City Widened Lines were renamed the Moorgate line[8] when overhead electrification was installed in 1982, allowing the Midland City Line service to run from Bedford via the Midland Main Line to Moorgate on the Thameslink service. The Moorgate Thameslink branch closed permanently in December 2009 as part of the £6billion Thameslink Programme (the platforms at Farringdon were extended across the tracks leading to the Moorgate branch); however, as of late October 2013, there is still a sign over Platform 2 with 'Trains to Bedford' and an arrow pointing to the now disused platforms.[citation needed]

Infrastructure[edit]

Traction current on the Underground lines is supplied by the standard London Underground four rail system. Trains using the deep level Northern City Line platforms (9 and 10) are supplied with 750 V DC[9] traction current via the third rail, overseen by York Electrical Control Room.[9] Signalling is Track Circuit Block, Colour light signals with tripcock mechanisms, controlled by Kings Cross PSB.[9]

The former sub surface Thameslink bay platforms (5 and 6) were equipped with 25 kV AC[8] overhead line equipment, overseen by York Electrical Control Room.[8] Signalling was Track Circuit Block, Multiple aspect colour light signals, controlled by West Hampstead PSB.[8]

Crossrail[edit]

Crossrail is being built as a new west-east route under central London. Estimated completion - December 2018

Under the Crossrail plans, the western ticket hall of Crossrail's Liverpool Street station will be situated just east of Moorgate station. An interchange will be built, linking Moorgate to the Central line at Liverpool Street.[10][11]

Services[edit]

London Underground[edit]

The Metropolitan, Hammersmith & City and Circle lines serve the station between Barbican to the west and Liverpool Street to the east. All three lines share the same pair of tracks from Baker Street Junction to Aldgate Junction making this section of track one of the most intensely used on the London Underground network.

Circle line[edit]

The typical service in trains per hour (tph) is:[12]

  • 6 tph Clockwise via Liverpool Street and Tower Hill
  • 6 tph Anti-Clockwise via Kings Cross St Pancras and Paddington

Hammersmith & City line[edit]

The typical service in trains per hour (tph) is:[12]

  • 6 tph Eastbound to Barking
  • 6 tph Westbound to Hammersmith via Paddington

Metropolitan line[edit]

The Metropolitan Line is the only line to operate express services, though currently this is only during peak times (Westbound 06:30-09:30 / Eastbound 16:00-19:00). Fast services run non-stop between Wembley Park, Harrow-On-The-Hill and Moor Park, Semi-fast services run non-stop between Wembley Park and Harrow-On-The-Hill.[13]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:[14]

  • 12 tph Eastbound to Aldgate
  • 2 tph Westbound to Amersham (all stations)
  • 2 tph Westbound to Chesham (all stations)
  • 8 tph Westbound to Uxbridge (all stations)

Off-peak services to/from Watford terminate at Baker Street

The typical peak time service in trains per hour (tph) is:[14]

  • 14 tph Eastbound to Aldgate
  • 2 tph Westbound to Amersham (fast in the evening peak only)
  • 2 tph Westbound to Chesham (fast in the evening peak only)
  • 4 tph Westbound to Watford (semi-fast in the evening peak only)
  • 6 tph Westbound to Uxbridge (all stations)

Northern line[edit]

The Northern line serves the station between Old Street to the north and Bank to the south being part of the City branch of the Northern line via London Bridge.

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) are:[15]

Note that services to/from Mill Hill East operate from Finchley Central during off peak hours.

The typical peak time service in trains per hour (tph) are:[15]

Note that majority of through services to/from Mill Hill East travel via Charing Cross.

National Rail[edit]

Northern City Line[edit]

The Northern City Line, which is part of the Great Northern Route (itself part of the East Coast Main Line), typical National Rail services at Moorgate off-peak Monday-Friday (all operated by Great Northern):

Great Northern introduced a weekend service from 13 December 2015.[16]

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 21, 43, 76, 100, 141, 153, 214 and 271 serve the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ Forgotten Stations of Greater London by J.E.Connor and B.Halford
  4. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
  5. ^ Rolt, L.T.C.; Kichenside, Geoffrey M. (1982) [1955]. Red for Danger (4th ed.). Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 298. ISBN 0-7153-8362-0. 
  6. ^ Railway Magazine October 1963 p. 685
  7. ^ Foster, Stefanie (2015-03-04). "Moorgate…the unresolved tragedy". RAIL magazine. Bauer Consumer Media Ltd. Retrieved 2017-07-03. 
  8. ^ a b c d Network Rail (April 2001). South Zone Sectional Appendix. Module SO. p. SO280 1/119. SO/SA/001A.  (Retrieved 2011-12-10)
  9. ^ a b c Network Rail (December 2006). London North Eastern Route Sectional Appendix. Module LN2. p. LN105 41. SO/SA/001A.  (Retrieved 2014-04-12)
  10. ^ Wallis, Shani, ed. (May 2009). "Typical layout of the mined underground stations (diagram)". Crossrail management mobilized. Tunnel Talk. Archived from the original on 2009-05-23. 
  11. ^ Nicholas, Dean (19 November 2010). "Crossrail, As It May Appear On The Tube Map". Londonist. Archived from the original on 2010-11-21. 
  12. ^ a b "Circle and Hammersmith & City line WTT" (PDF). Transport for London. 
  13. ^ "CULG - Metropolitan Line". www.davros.org. Retrieved 2017-03-19. 
  14. ^ a b "Metropolitan line WTT" (PDF). Transport for London. 
  15. ^ a b "CULG - Northern Line". www.davros.org. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 
  16. ^ Seven-day-a-week service to the City better for late-returning commuters and weekend shoppers : Thameslink

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Aldgate)
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
Metropolitan line
towards Aldgate
Northern line
towards Morden (via Bank)
National Rail National Rail
Great Northern Terminus
Disused railways
Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Barbican   First Capital Connect
City Widened Lines
  Terminus
  Former services  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Finsbury Park
Northern line
Northern City Branch
Terminus
towards Hammersmith
Metropolitan line
Hammersmith branch (1864-1990)
towards Barking
  Abandoned Northern Heights proposal  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line Terminus
  Abandoned Northern City Line extension  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Old Street   Metropolitan Railway
Northern City Line
  Lothbury
Terminus