London Plan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The London Plan
London Plan Cover 2017.jpg
Cover of the current London Plan
Author Mayor of London
Cover artist Photograph by Richard Linton
Country United Kingdom
Language English
Subject Statutory planning document of Greater London
Publisher Greater London Authority
Publication date
March 2016
Media type Online
Pages 430

The London Plan is the statutory spatial development strategy for the Greater London area in the United Kingdom that is written by the Mayor of London and published by the Greater London Authority.[1]

The regional planning document was first published in final form on 10 February 2004. In addition to minor alterations, it was substantially revised and republished in February 2008[2] and again in July 2011.[3][4] In October 2013, minor alterations were made to the plan to comply with the National Planning Policy Framework and other changes in national policy.[5]

The current London Plan of March 2016 was published, and amended, in January 2017.[6] The current plan has a formal end-date of 2036.

Mandate[edit]

The plan replaced the previous strategic planning guidance for London issued by the Secretary of State and known as RPG3 [1]. It is a requirement of the Greater London Authority Act 1999 that the document is produced and that it deals only with matters that are of strategic importance to Greater London. The Act also requires that the London Plan includes in its scope:

Objectives[edit]

The plan is a spatial development strategy for the Greater London area and has six objectives. The current objectives, as adopted by the 2011 and 2016 revisions, are to ensure that London is:

  1. a city that meets the challenges of economic and population growth
  2. an internationally competitive and successful city
  3. a city of diverse, strong, secure and accessible neighbourhoods
  4. a city that delights the senses
  5. a city that becomes a world leader in improving the environment
  6. a city where it is easy, safe and convenient for everyone to access jobs, opportunities and facilities
— London Plan, 2011 and 2016

The objectives were previously updated in 2008 following the Greater London Authority Act 2007:

  1. To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces
  2. To make London a healthier and better city for people to live in
  3. To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse long term economic growth
  4. To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination
  5. To improve London's accessibility
  6. To make London an exemplary world city in mitigating and adapting to climate change and a more attractive, well-designed and green city
— London Plan, 2008

The original 2004 objectives were:

  1. To accommodate London's growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces
  2. To make London a better city for people to live in
  3. To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse economic growth
  4. To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination
  5. To improve London's accessibility
  6. To make London a more attractive, well-designed and green city
— London Plan, 2004

Policies[edit]

The geographical scope of the plan is the London region

The 2016 plan had chapters:

Chapter Title Summary
1 Context and strategy Demography, external forces, quality of life
2 Places Sub-regions, Outer London, Inner London, Central Activities Zone, opportunity areas, intensification areas, town centres
3 People Health, housing, social infrastructure
4 Economy Economic sectors and workspaces
5 Response to climate change Climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, waste, contaminated land
6 Transport Integrating transport and development, connectivity
7 Living spaces and places Place shaping, environment and landscapes, air and noise pollution, emergency planning, Blue Ribbon Network
8 Implementation, monitoring, and review
Annexes One to six

Opportunity areas[edit]

The plan identifies dozens of areas of opportunity, which are where the bulk of efforts will be concentrated, with an aim at reducing social deprivation and creating sustainable development. The opportunity areas will be able to accommodate around 5,000 jobs each or about 2,500 homes, or a mixture of the two. The opportunity areas will mostly be town centres as opposed to suburban developments in the boroughs, although those are mentioned as important in terms of job growth and quality of life. By definition, an Opportunity Area is brownfield land with significant capacity for development. This contrasts with an Intensification Area that can be developed to higher than existing densities with more modest economic change.[7]

Sub regions[edit]

Development must not encroach on green spaces

For the purposes of the plan, London is divided into five sub regions. From 2004 to 2008 the sub regions were initially the same as the Learning and Skills Council areas established in 1999.[8] Within this scheme there was a separate Central sub region and four others around it. The London part of the Thames Gateway zone was entirely contained within the East London sub region. The 2004-2008 sub regions each had a Sub-Regional Development Framework.[9]

The sub regions were revised in February 2008 as part of the Further Alterations to the London Plan. These sub regions each radiated from the centre to combine inner and outer London boroughs.[10] The 2008-2011 sub regions, each had its own Sub Regional Implementation Framework.[11]

In 2011 the sub regions were revised again. A smaller Central sub region was reintroduced, the South sub region was reintroduced, and all boroughs in the Thames Gateway were returned to the East sub region.[12] The 2011 sub regions are maintained in the 2016 London Plan.[13]

Throughout these revisions has been a separately defined Central Activities Zone which includes areas with a very high concentration of metropolitan activities.

Activity centres[edit]

Sutton, a metropolitan centre

The London Plan identifies 200 activity centres in the city. All activity centres are categorised into:

Over 1,200 smaller neighbourhood and local centres are also identified in the plan.

International centres (2) West End, Knightsbridge
Metropolitan centres (13) Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Harrow, Hounslow, Ilford, Kingston, Romford, Shepherds Bush, Stratford, Sutton, Uxbridge, Wood Green
Major centres (34) Angel, Barking, Bexleyheath, Brixton, Camden Town, Canary Wharf, Catford, Chiswick, Clapham Junction, Dalston, East Ham, Edgware, Eltham, Enfield Town, Fulham, Hammersmith, Kensington High Street, Kilburn, King's Road East, Lewisham, Holloway Nag's Head, Orpington, Peckham, Putney, Queensway/Westbourne Grove, Richmond, Southall, Streatham, Tooting, Walthamstow, Wembley, Wandsworth, Wimbledon, Woolwich
District centres (151)

Acton, Addiscombe, Angel Edmonton, Archway, Bakers Arms, Balham, Beckenham, Bethnal Green, Blackheath, Brick Lane, Brent Street, Brentford, Burnt Oak, Camberwell, Canada Water, Canning Town, Carshalton Village, Chadwell Heath, Cheam Village, Chipping Barnet, Chrisp Street, Church End, Finchley, Church Street/Edgware Road, Clapham High Street, Colindale/The Hyde, Collier Row, Coulsdon, Crayford, Cricklewood, Crouch End, Crystal Palace, Dagenham/Heathway, Deptford, Downham, Dulwich – Lordship Lane, Ealing Road, Earls Court Road, Earlsfield East Beckton, East Finchley, East Sheen, Eastcote, Edgware Road/Church Street, Edmonton Green, Elephant and Castle, Elm Park, Erith, Feltham High Street, Finsbury Park, Forest Gate, Forest Hill, Fulham Road (east), Fulham Road (west), Gants Hill, Golders Green, Green Lanes, Greenford, Greenwich West, Hampstead, Hanwell, Harlesden, Harold Hill, Harrow Road, Hayes, Hendon Central, Highams Park, Hornchurch, Ickenham, Kentish Town, Kenton, King's Road (west), Kingsbury, Lavender Hill/Queenstown Road, Lee Green, Leyton, Leytonstone, Mare Street, Mill Hill, Mitcham, Morden, Muswell Hill, Neasden, New Barnet, New Cross, New Malden, Norbury, North Cheam, North Chingford, North Finchley, North Harrow, Northwood Hills, Notting Hill Gate, Palmers Green, Penge, Petts Wood, Pinner, Plumstead, Poplar, Portobello Road, Praed Street/Paddington, Preston Road, Purley, Rainham, Rayners Lane, Roman Road (east), Rosehill, Ruislip, Shepherds Bush, Sidcup, South Chingford, South Bermondsey/Old Kent Road, South Harrow, South Kensington, South Norwood, South Woodford, Southgate, St John's Wood, Stanmore, Stockwell, Stoke Newington, Surbiton, Swiss Cottage/Finchley Road, Sydenham, Teddington, Temple Fortune, Thamesmead, Thornton Heath, Tolworth, Tottenham, Twickenham, Upminster, Upper Norwood, Upton Park, Wallington, Walworth Road, Wanstead, Watney Market, Wealdstone, Welling, Wembley Park, West Green Road/Seven Sisters, West Hampstead, West Norwood/Tulse Hill, West Wickham, Whetstone, Whitechapel, Whitton, Willesden Green, Wood Street, Worcester Park, Yiewsley/West Drayton

Neighbourhood and local centres (1,200)

Alterations[edit]

There have been a number of amendments to the London Plan which have been incorporated into the current version that was published in February 2008. Early alterations were made covering housing provision targets, waste and minerals. Further alterations to the plan covered climate change; London as a world city; The London Economy; Housing; Tackling social exclusion; Transport; London's geography, the sub-regions and inter-regions; Outer London; Liveability (including safety, security and open spaces); and the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. The mayor gained new statutory powers following the Greater London Authority Act 2007.

Following the 2008 change of mayor, a new review was initiated in July 2008 and a new London Plan published in July 2011. As of this date, modifications are made to fully comply with the National Planning Policy Framework.

In 2013, London Mayor Boris Johnson proposed early minor alterations to the London Plan that were aimed at preventing boroughs from setting rent caps or targets for affordable rented homes in their local development frameworks.[14] The alterations were approved in a vote by the London Assembly in September 2013.[15]

Alterations made since July 2011 were consolidated in the London Plan of March 2016, which was published and amended in January 2017.[16]

Following the 2016 change of mayor, London Mayor Sadiq Khan has outlined proposals towards creating a new London Plan.[17] The new plan is expected to be released in 2019.[18]

Date Document
February 2004 The London Plan
October 2005 Draft Alterations to the London Plan: Housing Provision Targets Waste and Minerals
December 2005 Reviewing the London Plan: Statement of Intent from the Mayor
September 2006 Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan
December 2006 Early Alterations to the London Plan on Housing provision targets, waste and minerals
February 2008 The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2004
July 2008 Planning for a better London
April 2009 A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor’s London Plan
October 2009 The London Plan: Consultation draft replacement plan
December 2009 Minor alteration to the consultation draft replacement London Plan
April 2010 Crossrail Alterations
July 2011 The London Plan
February 2012 Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan
October 2013 Revised Early Minor Alterations to the London Plan
March 2015 Further Alterations to the London Plan
March 2016 The London Plan: Consolidated with Alterations since 2011

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "The London Plan (Consolidated with Alterations since 2004)" (PDF). Greater London Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2010. 
  2. ^ Sarah Stevens and Ian Fergusson (2008). "The New Consolidated London Plan". Turley Associates. 
  3. ^ Mayor of London (April 2009). "A new plan for London: Proposals for the Mayor’s London Plan" (PDF). Greater London Authority. 
  4. ^ Mayor of London. "About the consultation: What happens next?". Greater London Authority. Retrieved 12 October 2009. 
  5. ^ Mayor of London (October 2013). "REMA". London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  6. ^ Mayor of London (January 2017). "The current London Plan". London Assembly. Retrieved 22 April 2017.  PDF
  7. ^ "What are Opportunity Areas?". London Plan. Greater London Authority. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  8. ^ Addison & Associates (June 2006). "Review of London's Sub Regional Boundaries" (PDF). Greater London Authority. 
  9. ^ Mayor of London (May 2006). "Sub Regional Development Frameworks". Greater London Authority. 
  10. ^ Mayor of London (February 2008). "The London Plan: Sub-regions, CAZ and government growth area policies". Greater London Authority. 
  11. ^ Mayor of London (September 2006). "Draft Further Alterations to the London Plan" (PDF). Greater London Authority. 
  12. ^ Mayor of London (March 2016). "London Plan 2016, Chapter 2" (PDF). London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  13. ^ Mayor of London (March 2016). "London Plan 2016, Chapter 2". London Assembly. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  14. ^ Labour group fails in bid to block London Plan revisions. Planning Resource (4 September 2013). Retrieved on 6 December 2013.
  15. ^ Mayor could face legal challenge to London Plan alterations. Out-law.com. Retrieved on 6 December 2013.
  16. ^ Mayor of London (January 2017). "The current London Plan". London Assembly. Retrieved 22 April 2017.  PDF
  17. ^ Mayor outlines plans to create ‘A City for all Londoners’. london.gov.uk. Retrieved on 1 May 2017.
  18. ^ London Plan to be published in 2019. insidehousing.co.uk. Retrieved on 1 May 2017.

External links[edit]

  • The London Plan on the Greater London Authority's Web site
  • Outer London Commission – established by Mayor "to advise how Outer London can play its full part in the city's economic success" (2009)