London Regiment

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The London Regiment
LONDONS 150dpi.gif
Regimental crest of the London Regiment
Active 20 April 1993-
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Role Reserve
Size One battalion
Part of Guards Division
Garrison/HQ 27 St John’s Hill, London[1]
Commanders
Royal Honorary Colonel HRH The Earl of Wessex[2]
Insignia
Tactical Recognition Flash GuardsTRF.svg
Tartan Hodden Grey (A Company)[dead link]
Saffron (D Company pipers kilts)[dead link]

The London Regiment is an infantry regiment in the British Army, part of the Army Reserve. The regiment saw distinguished service in World War I and was disbanded after the war in 1938, shortly before World War II, when most of its battalions were converted to other roles or transferred elsewhere. However, the regiment was raised again in 1993.

History[edit]

It was first formed in 1908 in order to regiment the 26 Volunteer Force battalions in the newly formed County of London, each battalion having a distinctive uniform.[3]

Now part of the Territorial Force, the London Regiment expanded to 88 battalions in the First World War. Of these 49 battalions saw action in the trenches of the Western Front in France and Flanders, 6 saw action at the Gallipoli Campaign, 12 saw action at Salonika, 14 saw action against the Turks in Palestine, and one saw action in Waziristan and Afghanistan.[4]

The London Regiment ceased to exist in 1938 and the battalions transferred to regular infantry regiments, the Royal Artillery and the Royal Engineers.[4]

Battalions of the London Regiment early 1900s by Richard Caton Woodville (1856–1927)

The London Regiment was reformed in 1992 through the regimentation of most of the remaining successors of the original regiment (except the Rifles and the Artists Rifles). It is the only permanent infantry battalion in London District and consists of an HQ and four rifle companies. They are:[5]

Two companies of the Royal Green Jackets, F Company and G Company, formed part of the regiment between 1998 and 2004.[6]

In October 2003, 120 members of regiment were called up for active service in Operation Telic. They were deployed in areas around Basra in southern Iraq in January 2004. This group made up a company known as Cambrai company as part of the Multi-National Division (South East), a UK commanded division[citation needed]. In May 2004, they were replaced by Messines company, which was made up from an HQ and two platoons from across the London Regiment, along with a platoon from the Royal Irish Rangers.[7]

Following the restructuring of the British Army in 2004, it was announced that the Guards Division would gain a TA battalion. This saw the London Regiment retaining its name and multi-badge structure, while transferring from the Queen's Division to the Guards Division. The two RGJ companies were transferred to the Royal Rifle Volunteers in preparation for the formation of The Rifles in 2007, leaving the remaining companies in their present multi-badge formation.[8]

Original London Regiment battalions[edit]

The London battalions formed the London District, which consisted principally of the 1st and 2nd London Divisions.[9]

Unit Formerly Headquarters
1st London Division
1st London Brigade
1st (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 1st Volunteer Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (late 10th Middlesex RVC) Bloomsbury
2nd (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 2nd Volunteer Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (late 23rd Middlesex RVC) Westminster
3rd (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 3rd Volunteer Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (late 11th Middlesex RVC) St Pancras
4th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) 4th Volunteer Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (late 1st Tower Hamlets RVC) Shoreditch
2nd London Brigade
5th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (London Rifle Brigade) 1st London VRC (City of London Volunteer Rifle Brigade) [9th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Finsbury
6th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (City of London Rifles) 2nd London VRC [10th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Finsbury
7th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment 3rd London VRC [11th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Finsbury
8th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Post Office Rifles) 24th Middlesex VRC [7th Volunteer Battalion, Rifle Brigade] Finsbury
3rd London Brigade
9th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Queen Victoria's), Berkeley Square 1st Middlesex (Victoria and St. George's) VRC [4th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] and 19th Middlesex (St. Giles's and St. George's, Bloomsbury) VRC [6th Volunteer Battalion, Rifle Brigade] Westminster
10th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Paddington Rifles); disbanded 1912 18th Middlesex VRC [4th Volunteer Battalion, Rifle Brigade] Paddington
10th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Hackney) formed in 1912 to replace the Paddington Rifles Hackney
11th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Finsbury Rifles) 21st Middlesex (Finsbury) VRC [7th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Pentonville
12th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (The Rangers) 22nd Middlesex VRC (Central London Rangers) [8th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Holborn
2nd London Division
4th London Brigade
13th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Kensington) 4th (Kensington) Middlesex VRC [3rd Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Kensington
14th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (London Scottish) 7th (London Scottish) Middlesex VRC [1st Volunteer Battalion, Rifle Brigade] Westminster
15th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Prince of Wales's Own Civil Service Rifles) The Prince of Wales's Own 12th Middlesex (Civil Service) VRC [5th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Westminster
16th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Queen's Westminster Rifles) 13th Middlesex (Queen's Westminster) VRC [6th Volunteer Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps] Kensington
5th London Brigade
17th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Poplar and Stepney Rifles) 2nd Tower Hamlets VRC [9th Volunteer Battalion, Rifle Brigade] Bow
18th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (London Irish Rifles), 16th Middlesex (London Irish) VRC [3rd Volunteer Battalion, Rifle Brigade] Chelsea
19th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (St. Pancras) 17th Middlesex (North Middlesex) VRC [3rd Volunteer Battalion, Middlesex Regiment] Camden Town
20th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Blackheath and Woolwich) 2nd Volunteer Battalion, Queen's Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) [ex 3rd Kent VRC] Blackheath
6th London Brigade
21st (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (First Surrey Rifles) 1st Surrey (South London) VRC [1st Volunteer Battalion, East Surrey Regiment] Camberwell
22nd (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Queen's) 3rd Volunteer Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) [ex 6th Surrey RVC] Bermondsey
23rd (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment 4th Volunteer Battalion, East Surrey Regiment [ex 7th Surrey RVC] Battersea
24th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Queen's) 4th Volunteer Battalion, Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt) [ex 8th Surrey RVC] Southwark
Others
25th (County of London) Cyclist Battalion, London Regiment. 26th (Cyclist) Middlesex VRC [Rifle Brigade] Fulham
26th (County of London) Battalion Title allotted to Infantry Battalion, Honourable Artillery Company but never used
27th (County of London) Battalion Title allotted to the Inns of Court Regiment but never used
28th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Artists Rifles), 20th Middlesex (Artists) VRC [6th Volunteer Battalion, Rifle Brigade] St Pancras

Battle honours[edit]

Battle honours for the First World War were awarded to the individual battalions in 1924.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "West of St John’s Road" (PDF). English Heritage. p. 27. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 59772. p. 8211. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
  3. ^ "1st (City of London) Battalion London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers)". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "London Regiment". Queen's Royal Surreys. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "The London Scottish Regiment". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "London Regiment". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "A (London Scottish) Company, the London Regiment in Iraq". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "The Rifles". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  9. ^ "The London Regiment". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Battle Honours. London and Scottish Regiments". The Times. 13 March 1924. p. 11. 

External links[edit]