London Scottish (regiment)

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A (London Scottish) Company
Cap Badge 009.JPG
Cap Badge of the London Scottish
Active 1859–1919
1920-present
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg Army Reserve
Type Infantry
Role Light infantry
Size RHQ and one company
Part of London Regiment
Garrison/HQ 59 Buckingham Gate (1886–1985)
Horseferry Road drill hall (1985–Present)
Nickname(s) Cockney Jocks (Piccadilly Allsorts) (Duke of Bangkok's Rifles)
Motto(s) Strike Sure
March Highland Laddie
Anniversaries 31 October 1914. First TA unit into action in WWI, Messines Ridge, 1st Battle of Ypres
Commanders
Honorary Colonel Baron Robertson of Port Ellen KT, GCMG, FRSA, PC
Colonel of
the Regiment
Brigadier Alistair Bruce of Crionaich, OBE VR ADC DL
Insignia
Tartan Hodden Grey

The London Scottish was a Volunteer infantry regiment of the British Army. Formerly a regiment, the unit is now 'A' (London Scottish) Company of the London Regiment.

History[edit]

Formation[edit]

The regiment was founded on the formation of the Volunteer Force in 1860.[1] Originally as part of the Volunteer Force sponsored by The Highland Society of London and The Caledonian Society of London, a group of individual Scots raised The London Scottish Rifle Volunteers under the command of Lt Col Lord Elcho, later The Earl of Wemyss and March.[2] The regiment became the 7th (London Scottish) Middlesex Volunteer Rifle Corps and then, in 1908, the 14th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (London Scottish).[3]

First World War[edit]

The 1/14th Battalion was mobilized on the outbreak of war, departing for France on 15 September 1914. On 31 October 1914 the battalion encountered German forces at Messines in Belgium.[4] The 2/14th Battalion embarked for France in June 1916 but was then transferred to Salonika and Palestine.[4]

Inter-war[edit]

In 1937, on the break-up of the London Regiment, the unit was re-named The London Scottish, The Gordon Highlanders.[3]

Second World War[edit]

97th (London Scottish) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery in Italy, 1944 (IWM NA18197)

The London Scottish raised three battalions during the Second World War, two of which served overseas. Both of the overseas battalions served with the Middle Eastern Forces in Sicily and Italy. The battalions were:

Post-war[edit]

In 1967 the London Scottish tradition was resurrected on the formation of G (London Scottish) Company 1st Battalion 51st Highland Volunteers.[3] Since 1992, the tradition has been carried on by A (London Scottish) Company of the London Regiment, which provides Reserve support to the Foot Guards.[17]

Regimental Band[edit]

Alliances[edit]

Victoria Crosses[edit]

Three members of the regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross:

Uniforms[edit]

From its establishment in 1859 The London Scottish wore Hodden Grey uniforms with dark blue facings.[18] This unique colour remained as full dress for the entire regiment until 1914[19] and survives in the modern kilts and mess dress.[20]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ War Office Circular, 12 May 1859, published in The Times, 13 May.
  2. ^ Blain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848-1852): A Study of Its Members’ Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 29–30. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "A Company history". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "The London Regiment". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 27 May 2017. 
  5. ^ Joslen, p. 230
  6. ^ Joslen, p. 238
  7. ^ 1 AA Division 1939 at British Military History
  8. ^ a b c d 1 AA Division 1940 at British Military History
  9. ^ 1 AA Division 1940 at RA 39–45 Archived 2013-10-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ a b c 97 HAA Rgt at RA 39–45 Archived 2013-10-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Joslen, pp. 484–5.
  12. ^ Joslen, pp. 466–7.
  13. ^ 97 Garrison Rgt at RA 39–45
  14. ^ 610 Infantry Rgt at RA 39–45
  15. ^ Joslen, p. 467.
  16. ^ 497 HAA at British Army 54 on
  17. ^ "History of the Regiment". The London Scottish Regiment. Archived from the original on June 12, 2003. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  18. ^ Robert and Christopher Wilkinson-Latham, page 157 Infantry Uniforms Book Two" ISBN 0713705256
  19. ^ Major R. M. Barnes, page 301 "The Uniforms and History of the Scottish Regiments", Sphere Books Ltd 1971
  20. ^ Page 25 "Regiment Issue 35 - The London Regiment", Nexus ISSN 00819-8277

Sources[edit]

  • Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2003, ISBN 1843424746.

External links[edit]