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London Transport Museum

Coordinates: 51°30′43″N 0°07′18″W / 51.51194°N 0.12167°W / 51.51194; -0.12167
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London Transport Museum
The exterior of the museum in 2011
London Transport Museum is located in City of Westminster
London Transport Museum
Location within City of Westminster
Established1980; 44 years ago (1980)
LocationCovent Garden
London, WC2
Coordinates51°30′43″N 0°07′18″W / 51.51194°N 0.12167°W / 51.51194; -0.12167
TypeTransport museum
Visitors411,766 (2019)[1]
OwnerTransport for London
Public transit access

The London Transport Museum (LTM) is a transport museum based in Covent Garden, London. The museum predominantly hosts exhibits relating to the heritage of London's transport, as well as conserving and explaining the history of it. The majority of the museum's exhibits originated in the collections of London Transport, but, since the creation of Transport for London (TfL) in 2000, the remit of the museum has expanded to cover all aspects of transport in the city and in some instances beyond.[2]

The museum operates from two sites within London. The main site in Covent Garden uses the name of its parent institution, and is open to the public every day excluding over Christmas,[3] having reopened in 2007 after a two-year refurbishment. The other site, located in Acton, is the London Transport Museum Depot and is principally a storage site of historic artefacts that is open to the public on scheduled visitor days throughout the year.

The museum also runs an exclusive programme of guided tours, Hidden London, which takes visitors to part of the London Underground that are typically closed to the public, including disused stations and wartime shelters.[4]

The museum was briefly renamed London's Transport Museum to reflect its coverage of topics beyond London Transport, but it reverted to its previous name in 2007 to coincide with the reopening of the Covent Garden site.

Museum (Covent Garden)[edit]

A New Routemaster bus alongside a 1954 AEC Regent III RT inside the London Transport Museum

The museum's main facility is located in a Victorian iron and glass building that had formed part of the Covent Garden vegetable, fruit and flower market. It was designed as a dedicated flower market by William Rogers[5] in 1871 and is located between Russell Street, Tavistock Street, Wellington Street and the east side of the former market square. The market moved out in 1971, and the building was reopened as the London Transport Museum on 28 March 1980.[6] The collection had been located at Syon Park since 1973 and before that had formed part of the British Transport Museum at Clapham.[7]

On 4 September 2005 the museum closed for a major £22 million refurbishment designed by Bryan Avery of Avery Associates Architects[8] to enable the expansion of the display collection to encompass the larger remit of TfL which administers all forms of public transport. Enhanced educational facilities were also required. The museum reopened on 22 November 2007.[9][10]

The entrance to the museum is from the Covent Garden Piazza, amongst the Piazza's many tourist attractions. The museum is within walking distance from both Covent Garden Underground station and Charing Cross railway station.[11]


London Transport Museum main hall

The first parts of the collection were brought together at the beginning of the 20th century by the London General Omnibus Company (LGOC) when it began to preserve buses being retired from service. After the LGOC was taken over by the London Electric Railway (LER), the collection was expanded to include rail vehicles. It continued to expand after the LER became part of the London Passenger Transport Board in the 1930s and as the organisation passed through various successor bodies up to TfL, London's current transport authority.

The collection has had a number of homes. It was housed as part of the Museum of British Transport at a disused tram depot in Clapham High Street (now a supermarket) from 1963 to 1972, and then at Syon Park in Brentford from 1973 to 1977, before being moved to Covent Garden in 1980.[12] Most of the other exhibits moved to York on formation of the National Railway Museum in 1975.

The Covent Garden building has on display many examples of buses, trams, trolleybuses and rail vehicles from 19th and 20th centuries as well as artefacts and exhibits related to the operation and marketing of passenger services and the impact that the developing transport network has had on the city and its population. The first underground electric train, from 1890, can be seen here.[13]

Larger exhibits held at Acton depot include a complete 1938 stock tube train as well as early locomotives from the first sub-surface and first deep-level lines.

Hidden London[edit]

In 2015 the museum launched a programme of guided tours under the name Hidden London. Tours of disused stations had previously been run by the museum since the 1990s, with one-off events taking place during the 2010s.[14]

The tours give visitors exclusive access to parts of the London underground network that are usually closed to the public and cover the history of London through its underground network. They are written using findings from the museum’s extensive archives and collection.[15]

Locations explored include disused stations Aldwych and Down Street, as well as secret parts of Piccadilly Circus, Charing Cross and Euston stations; and a wartime deep level shelter in Clapham South.[16] In 2023, a tour of Baker Street underground station was added to the programme in celebration of the 160th anniversary of the London Underground.[17] The newest tour, Holborn: The Secret Platforms, was announced in February 2024.[18]

There are also a series of virtual tours available,[19] as well as a walking tour which covers the area surrounding the museum.[18]

Profits from Hidden London tours are used to support the museum's charitable activities as an education and heritage charity.[20]

Other Attractions[edit]

As of 2022, the museum offers three simulator experiences: One Elizabeth Line simulator featuring a cab, a stand-up smaller version of the later,[clarification needed] and a 1938 stock simulator complete with deadman's handle.

A Hidden London exhibition ran until July 2023,[21] featuring a sized-down, walkthrough replica of the Aldwych Ticket Hall and Down Street Blitz Shelter which Winston Churchill used during World War II. The exhibition told the story of some of London's abandoned stations and hidden transport infrastructure of which the museum offers some tours of.

There is the Children's interactive area complete with Optare bus and the All Aboard play-zone for 0-7 year olds.[22]

Museum Shop[edit]

The museum shop sells a wide range of books, reproduction posters, models, gifts and souvenirs, both at Covent Garden and online.[23] Profits from sales support the museum's activities.

Museum Depot (Acton)[edit]

London Underground trains of different types and eras in the museum depot

The Museum Depot is located in Acton, west London, and was opened in October 1999. The depot holds the majority of the museum's collections which are not on display in the main museum in Covent Garden. It is the base for the museum's curators and conservators, and is used for the display of items too large to be accommodated in the main facility.[24]

The depot provides 6,000 square metres of storage space in secure, environmentally controlled conditions and houses over 370,000 items of all types, including many original works of art used for the museum's collections of posters, signs, models, photographs, engineering drawings and uniforms. The building has both road access and a rail connection to the London Underground network, which allows the storage and display of significant numbers of buses, trams, trolleybuses, rail rolling stock and other vehicles.[24]

The depot is not regularly open to the public, but is fully equipped to receive visitors, with ticket office, shop, a miniature railway (with the stations Depot Approach and Ealing End),[25] and other visitor facilities. It opens to the public for pre-booked guided tours on several dates each month, and also for special events, including themed open weekends – usually three times per year. It is within easy walking distance of Acton Town Underground station.[24]

Transport links[edit]

Public transport access
London Buses Aldwych 11, 15, 26, 76, 172
Aldwych 243, 341
London Underground Covent Garden Piccadilly line (4 min walk)

Leicester Square Piccadilly line Northern line (7 min walk)
Charing Cross Bakerloo line Northern line (5 min walk)

National Rail Charing Cross National Rail (7 min walk)

See also[edit]

Other transport museums with items from London Transport
Other transport and industrial museums in London
Other major transport museums in the UK
Past transport museums in the UK


  1. ^ "ALVA - Association of Leading Visitor Attractions". www.alva.org.uk. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Transit Maps: Historical Map: Green Line Coach Routes, London, 1949". Transit Maps. 26 February 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  3. ^ "Opening times". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  4. ^ "Hidden London". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  5. ^ F. H. W. Sheppard, ed. (1970). "Covent Garden Market". Survey of London: volume 36: Covent Garden. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  6. ^ Mullins, Sam (9 March 2020). "Shaping London Since 1980". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Brief history of the Museum". London Transport Museum. Archived from the original on 11 December 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2007.
  8. ^ Avery Associates Architects project details Archived 7 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ London Transport Museum Project Information Archive.org copy from 19 November 2006
  10. ^ "Museum re-opens 22 November". London Transport Museum. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 29 January 2007.
  11. ^ Buses serve the Strand at stops Southampton Street and Savoy Street. Find us Archived 26 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine – London Transport Museum. Retrieved on 30 May 2008.
  12. ^ J.H. Price, "Museum News", Modern Tramway and Light Rail Transit, April 1980.
  13. ^ "London Transport Museum". Time Out London.
  14. ^ "Hidden London". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  15. ^ "Hidden London". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  16. ^ "Hidden London by location". London Transport Museum. 7 May 2023. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  17. ^ "Journey through Baker Street's 160 years of history with our brand-new Hidden London tour". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  18. ^ a b "Explore the secrets of Holborn Station with our brand-new Hidden London tour". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 21 February 2024.
  19. ^ "Virtual tours". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  20. ^ "Explore the secrets of Holborn Station with our brand-new Hidden London tour". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 21 February 2024.
  21. ^ "Hidden London: the Exhibition". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  22. ^ "All Aboard". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  23. ^ "London Transport Museum Online Shop". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
  24. ^ a b c "Acton Depot". London Transport Museum. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2007.
  25. ^ "London Transport Miniature Railway". London Transport Museum.

External links[edit]