London Victoria station
|Local authority||City of Westminster|
|Managed by||Network Rail|
|Number of platforms||19|
|Cycle parking||Yes – platforms 7–8 & 17–18|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||5.734 million|
|– interchange||6.126 million|
|– interchange||5.800 million|
|– interchange||5.756 million|
|– interchange||1.385 million|
|1 October 1860||Opened by Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway|
|1860||Leased to London Brighton and South Coast Railway|
|25 August 1862||Separate station opened for London, Chatham and Dover and Great Western Railways|
|London transport portal|
Victoria station, also known as London Victoria, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in Victoria, in the City of Westminster, managed by Network Rail. Named after the nearby Victoria Street (not the Queen), the main line station is a terminus of the Brighton Main Line to Gatwick Airport and Brighton and the Chatham Main Line to Ramsgate and Dover via Chatham. From the main lines, trains can connect to the Catford Loop Line, the Dartford Loop Line, and the Oxted line to East Grinstead and Uckfield. Southern operates most commuter and regional services to south London, Sussex and parts of east Surrey, while Southeastern operates trains to south-east London and Kent. Gatwick Express trains run direct to Gatwick. The Underground station is on the Circle and District lines between Sloane Square and St. James's Park, and the Victoria line between Pimlico and Green Park. The area around the station is an important interchange for other forms of transport: a local bus station is in the forecourt and Victoria Coach Station is nearby.
Victoria was built to serve both the Brighton and Chatham Main Lines, and has always had a "split" feel of being two separate stations. The Brighton station opened in 1860 with the Chatham station following two years later. It replaced a temporary terminus at Pimlico, and construction involved building the Grosvenor Bridge over the River Thames. It became immediately popular as a London terminus, causing delays and requiring upgrades and rebuilding. It was well known for luxury Pullman train services and continental boat-train trips, and became a focal point for soldiers during World War I.
Like other London termini, steam trains were phased out of Victoria by the 1960s, to be replaced by suburban electric and diesel multiple-unit services. Despite the end of international services following the opening of the Channel Tunnel, Victoria still remains an important London station, and its Underground facilities, in particular, suffer from overcrowding. The Gatwick Express service provides easy access between Central London and Gatwick Airport for international travellers.
The station complex is in Victoria in the City of Westminster, immediately south of the London Inner Ring Road. It is located south of Victoria Street, east of Buckingham Palace Road and west of Vauxhall Bridge Road. Several different railways lead into the station line by way of Grosvenor Bridge from the south west, south and south east. It is in Travelcard Zone 1 and is one of 19 stations managed by Network Rail. It has been a Grade II listed building since 1970.
London Buses routes 2, 11, 13, 16, 24, 36, 38, 44, 52, 148, 170, 185, 211, 390, 507, C1, C10 and night routes N2, N11, N16, N38, N44 and N136 serve the station at Victoria bus station or neighbouring streets.
By 1850, railways serving destinations to the south of London had three termini available – London Bridge, Bricklayers' Arms and Waterloo. All three were inconvenient for Central London as they terminated south of the river Thames, whereas the main centres of population, business and government were north of the river in the City of London, the West End and Westminster.
Victoria Station was designed in a piecemeal fashion to help address this problem for the London Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR) and the London Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR). It consisted of two adjacent main line railway stations which, from the viewpoint of passengers, were unconnected.
The London and Brighton Railway terminus at London Bridge provided reasonable access to the City of London but was inconvenient for travellers to and from Westminster. As early as 1842 John Urpeth Rastrick had proposed that the railway should build a branch to serve the West End, but his proposal was unsuccessful.
However, the transfer of the Crystal Palace from Hyde Park to Sydenham Hill between 1851 and 1854 created a major tourist attraction in the then rural area south of London, and the LB&SCR opened a branch line from the Brighton Main Line at Sydenham to the site in 1854. While this was under construction the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway also planned a line from Crystal Palace, to a new station at Battersea Wharf, at the southern end of the new Chelsea Bridge. Despite its location, the new station was called Pimlico. It opened on 27 March 1858, but was very much regarded as a temporary terminus, composed of a small number of wooden huts, and positioned immediately next to a proposed bridge over the Thames. Shortly afterwards the LB&SCR leased most of the lines of the new railway, and built a further connection from Crystal Palace to the Brighton Main Line at Norwood Junction, thereby providing itself with a route into west London, although it was recognised that a terminus would be needed on the north side of the river.
During the summer of 1857 a scheme for an independent "Grosvenor Basin Terminus" in the West End of London, "for the use of the Southern Railways of England" was mooted. The station was originally referred to as the "Grosvenor Terminus" but later renamed Victoria as it was sited at the end of Victoria Street. Three other railway companies were also seeking a terminus in Westminster: the Great Western (GWR), the London & North Western (LNWR), and the East Kent Railway (EKR). The first two already had rail access to Battersea through their joint ownership of the West London Line with the LB&SCR. In 1858, the EKR leased the remaining lines of the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway from Shortlands railway station, and also negotiated temporary running powers over the lines recently acquired by the LB&SCR, pending the construction of its own line into west London. On 23 July 1859 these four companies together formed the Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway (VS&PR) company, with the object of extending the railway from Stewarts Lane Junction, Battersea across the river to a more convenient location nearer the West End, and the following month the EKR changed its name to the London Chatham and Dover Railway.
The new line followed part of the route of the Grosvenor Canal with Victoria station on the former canal basin. It required the construction of a new bridge over the Thames, originally known as Victoria Bridge and later as Grosvenor Bridge. The bridge was 930 feet (280 m) long, which was required so that it could clear all river traffic. It was designed by John Fowler. The line was built as mixed gauge from Longhedge Junction, Battersea, to cater for GWR trains. It required a 1-in-50 climb and a 15 chains (990 ft; 300 m) turn from the LSWR main line to reach the bridge. The LB&SCR had hoped to amalgamate with the VS&PR, and introduced a parliamentary bill to allow it to do so in 1860. This was opposed by the GWR and LC&DR and rejected. By way of compromise the LB&SCR was permitted to lease Victoria station from the VS&PR, but agreed to accommodate the other railways until a terminus could be built for them on an adjoining site.
The LB&SCR side of Victoria station opened on 1 October 1860, the temporary terminus in Battersea having closed the day before. The station was designed by Robert Jacomb Hood. It consisted of six platforms and ten tracks, with an entrance on Victoria Street. The site then covered 8.5 acres (3.4 ha) and was 800 feet (240 m) long and 230 feet (70 m) wide. The roof was built on a set of wrought iron girders, with an additional safety row that would allow the main girders to withstand a train strike. On the northwest corner of the station was the 300-bedroom Grosvenor Hotel. It was designed by J. T. Knowles, and run independently of the station itself. It opened in 1861. The LCDR and GWR opened their own station on 25 August 1862, occupying a less imposing wooden-fronted building with an entrance on Wilton Road. The Chatham line station had eight platforms, five of which were of mixed gauge, shared by broad-gauge trains of the GWR from Windsor via Southall.
Victoria station proved to be unexpectedly popular for both the main companies, and by 1862 there were frequent delays due to congestion at Stewarts Lane Junction. In March 1863 the LB&SCR and the LC&DR jointly funded a new high-level route into Victoria, avoiding Stewarts Lane and requiring the widening of Grosvenor Bridge, including the replacement of the broad-gauge rails with a third LB&SCR line. The work was completed during 1867/8. The South Eastern Railway (SER) wanted to use Victoria as a London terminus as it was more convenient than London Bridge, but were advised they would need to pay extensive tolls and expenses to do so. Consequently, the SER constructed a station at Charing Cross instead.
The GWR began services on 1 April 1863, connecting Victoria to Southall, and later some services to Uxbridge, Reading, Slough and Windsor. From 13 August 1866 the LB&SCR ran services from Victoria to London Bridge along the newly completed South London Line. The Great Northern Railway began a service from Victoria to Barnet (via Ludgate Hill) on 1 March 1868, with other cross-London services running via Victoria in the 1870s.
In 1898 the LB&SCR decided to demolish its station and replace it with an enlarged red-brick Renaissance-style building, designed by Charles Langbridge Morgan. Since widening of the station was prevented by the LC&DR station and Buckingham Palace Road, increased capacity was achieved by lengthening the platforms and building crossovers to allow two trains to use each platform simultaneously. Work was completed in 1908, and included the rebuilding of the Grosvenor Hotel at the same time. The site then covered 16 acres (6.5 ha) with 2.25 miles (3.62 km) of platforms. Overhead electric trains began to run into Victoria on 1 December 1909, to London Bridge. The line to Crystal Palace was electrified on 12 May 1911.
Victoria became well known for its Pullman services during the late 19th century. The LB&SCR introduced the first Pullman first-class service to Brighton on 1 November 1875, followed by the first all-Pullman train in the UK on 1 December 1881. Another all-Pullman service was introduced in 1908 under the name of the Southern Belle, then described as "... the most luxurious train in the world...". The SECR began Pullman continental services on 21 April 1910 and on domestic services to the Kent coast on 16 June 1919. The Golden Arrow, another all-Pullman train began services in 1924, and remained in service until 30 September 1972.
The LC&DR and GWR jointly leased the 'Chatham' portion of the station for 999 years from 28 June 1860, with the GWR responsible for 6.67%. The LC&DR completed its main line as far as Canterbury on 3 December 1860 and began to use the LB&SCR station on that day.
From 1899 the LC&DR entered a working union with its rival, the South Eastern Railway, to form the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SECR). As a result, services from its station at Victoria began to be rationalised and integrated with those from the other SECR termini.
The LC&DR station began to be reconstructed in the late 19th century after several properties on Buckingham Palace Road, and the hotel, were bought by the company. Work began in 1899 with the removal of the old roof. The rebuilt station was partially opened on 10 June 1906, with additional platforms and cab exit on 10 February the following year, along with a new annexe to the hotel. It was formally re-opened on 1 July 1908. As a consequence of the rebuilding, boat trains become more popular from Victoria compared to Charing Cross and Cannon Street. Services increased to serve Ostend and Calais via Dover and Rotterdam via Gravesend. The LB&SCR part of the station also served Dieppe via Newhaven.
Victoria has since seen more visits from royalty and heads of state than any other London station. During the funeral of Edward VII, seven kings, over 20 princes and five archdukes were greeted here.
In the early 20th century, the development and improvement of the London Underground, meant that Victoria could not compete as a cross-London service. GNR trains stopped running on 1 October 1907, with Midland ones following on June the next year. The GWR ceased to use the station for scheduled services on 21 March 1915, partly due to World War I in addition to the new Underground lines. Victoria was used as the main station for drafted soldiers, and those returning from action in the war. By the middle of the war, the station served twelve trains a day running between Victoria and Folkestone, with additional trains serving Dover. The station was regularly served with a voluntary buffet for departing soldiers, who served up to 4,000 men a day. Victoria itself did not suffer significant damage during the war, but a section of Grosvenor Bridge was destroyed after an anti-aircraft shell struck a gas main underneath it.
Following the war, memorials were built on both parts of the station. The Southern Railway side marks 626 soldiers killed or missing, while the Chatham side marks 556. A plaque marks the arrival of the body of The Unknown Warrior at Victoria on 10 November 1920.
The service to Ostend via Dover was re-introduced on 18 January 1919. Civilian trains to Boulogne via Folkestone restarted on 3 February. Boat train services to Newhaven started on 1 June, and a connection with Paris started on 15 July. On 8 January 1920, Victoria replaced Charing Cross as the main station for continental services, as it had more facilities and closer locomotive and carriage facilities. The service to Paris via Calais and Dover began on the same day.
The two stations at Victoria came largely under single ownership in 1923 with the formation of the Southern Railway (SR) as part of the Big Four grouping. The following year steps were taken to integrate the two stations. The platforms were renumbered in a single sequence, openings were made in the wall separating them to allow passengers to pass from one to the other without going into the street, and alterations were made to the tracks to allow for interchangeable working. The work was completed in 1925, and all platforms were renumbered in a contiguous sequence. Electric suburban services to Herne Hill and Orpington first ran on 12 July that year, followed by South London line services on 17 June 1928, and electric services to Crystal Palace and Epsom (via Mitcham Junction) on 3 March 1929. The SR also concentrated continental steamer traffic at Victoria, introducing the Golden Arrow, in 1924, and the Night Ferry in 1936.
The station had a news cinema (later a cartoon cinema) that showed a continuous programme. The cinema was designed by Alastair Macdonald, son of the Prime Minister Ramsay, and was in operation from 1933 until it was demolished in 1981. The GWR remained part-owner of the station until 1932 thereafter retaining running powers, although it does not appear to have used them.
Night-train services stopped running from Victoria on 4 September 1939 after World War II was declared, and other services were terminated following the German invasion of France in May 1940. Though the station was bombed several times in 1940 and 1941, there was not enough damage to prevent operations. A plane crashed into the eastern side of the station on 15 September 1940 and a flying bomb caused partial damage on 27 June 1944.
The greatest change to the station during the 1920s and 1930s was the introduction of third-rail electrification for all suburban and many main-line services, replacing the original LB&SCR overhead scheme by 1929 and largely replacing steam traction, except on Chatham Section main-line and Oxted line trains. Services to Orpington were electrified in 1925 and to Epsom the following year. By 1932 the Brighton Main Line was electrified, quickly followed by those to other Sussex coastal towns and Portsmouth by 1938. The brand name "Southern Electric" was applied to all these services. The Brighton Belle, the first electric all-Pullman service in the world, ran from Victoria from 29 June 1934 until its withdrawal in 1972.
British Railways (BR) took over the station on 1 January 1948. A new set of offices for Continental trains opened on 14 June, while the eastern booking hall was renovated, opening on 5 February 1951.
During the 1950s and early 1960s British Railways (Southern Region) completed its Kent Coast Electrification schemes, which meant that most of the remaining services from the station were electrified, including boat trains. Some minor services were withdrawn, and the few remaining steam services, to Oxted and beyond, were replaced by diesel-electric multiple units. Various plans were proposed at this time to redevelop Victoria, including new offices, hotels and a helicopter station. The last steam service left Victoria on 8 January 1964 to East Grinstead, after which it was replaced by diesel-electric multiple units.
The station was redeveloped internally in the 1980s, with the addition of shops within the concourse, and above the western platforms as the "Victoria Plaza" shopping centre and 220,000 square feet (20,000 m2) of office space. Platforms 16 and 17 opened on the site of the former taxi rank on 21 December 1987. A major re-signalling scheme was carried out during the works. The station was managed by Network SouthEast also under British Rail.
The other major change to the station under BR was the gradual development of services to Gatwick Airport station after its opening on 28 May 1958. A dedicated rail-air terminal opened on top of platform 15 on 1 May 1962, designed by Clive Pascall.
Several long-standing services from Victoria ended during the BR era. The Brighton Belle's final service was on 30 April 1972, followed by the last Golden Arrow on 30 September. The Night Ferry lasted until 31 October 1980, though the Venice-Simplon Orient Express, a luxury Pullman service, has been running intermittently since 1982.
In 1984 the non-stop Gatwick Express service was started, aiming for a 30-minute journey time. This was coupled with the provision of an airport lounge and check-in facilities at first-floor level, with dedicated escalators down to the Gatwick Express platforms. British Airways and other major airlines had their own check-in desks there. British Rail operated an International Travel Centre within the main station, separate from the domestic travel centre. At the time, Victoria was still a major departure point for international travel, with boat trains to Dover and Folkestone for France and Belgium and beyond. This ceased with the introduction of Eurostar in 1994, which did not serve Victoria, and the International Travel Centre closed.
With over 81 million passenger entries and exits in 2015/16, Victoria is the second-busiest station in London (and Great Britain) after Waterloo. Combined with the Underground Station and interchanges in the national rail station, London Victoria handled about 170 million passengers in 2015.
To help passengers choose the correct service, the floor of the main concourse at Victoria was marked with different coloured lines. Passengers could then follow the line marked with the specific colour for that service to arrive at their intended departure point.
- The eastern (Chatham) side, comprising platforms 1–8, is the terminus for Southeastern services to Kent on the Chatham Main Line and its branches. This is also the London terminus for the Venice-Simplon Orient Express, from Platform 2, the longest platform. It was used for boat trains to Dover and Folkestone until these were made redundant by the introduction of Eurostar trains to the continent in 1994.
- The western (Brighton) side, comprising platforms 9–19, is the terminus for Southern and Gatwick Express services to Surrey and Sussex, including Gatwick Airport and Brighton on the Brighton Main Line and the East Grinstead branch on the Oxted Line.
Southeastern services at Victoria use platforms 1–8. The station is served by a mixture of metro and long distance (mainline) services. Metro services are operated using Class 465 and 466 EMUs whilst mainline services are operated using Class 375 and 377 EMUs.
As of May 2020, the typical off-peak service run by Southeastern in trains per hour (tph) is:
- 4 tph to Bromley South of which 2 continue to Orpington (all stations)
- 2 tph to Gravesend via Bexleyheath
- 1 tph to Ramsgate via Chatham
- 2 tph to Dover Priory via Chatham
- 2 tph to Ashford International via Maidstone East of which 1 tph continues to Ramsgate via Canterbury West
Southern services at Victoria use platforms 9-19 (as of May 2020). The station is served by a mixture of metro and long distance (mainline) services. Metro services are operated using Class 455 and 377 EMUs whilst mainline services are operated using Class 377s and 387s (from the Gatwick Express).
As of May 2020, the typical off-peak service run by Southern in trains per hour (tph) is:
- 2 tph to London Bridge via Crystal Palace
- 4 tph to Sutton via Norbury of which 2 continue to Epsom Downs
- 2 tph to West Croydon via Crystal Palace
- 2 tph to Epsom via Hackbridge
- 2 tph to Dorking of which 1 continues to Horsham
- 2 tph to East Grinstead via Oxted
- 2 tph to Reigate via Redhill
- 2 tph to Brighton
- 1 tph to Bognor Regis and Portsmouth Harbour, dividing at Horsham
- 1 tph to Bognor Regis and Southampton Central
- 2 tph to Littlehampton via Worthing
- 2 tph to Eastbourne via Lewes of which 1 continues to Ore
Following the temporary suspension of Gatwick Express services in May 2020 (due to the Gatwick Airport Station Upgrade), Southern services at Victoria began to use Platforms 13 & 14 at the station and some Southern services are operated using the Class 387 units from the Gatwick Express.
Gatwick Express, formerly a separate franchise but now operated by Southern, ran services from platforms 13 and 14. Ticket barriers were installed on these platforms in 2011.
Until May 2020, trains ran every 15 mins non-stop to Gatwick Airport with a half-hourly service continuing non-stop to Brighton. However, as of May 2020, Gatwick Express services have been temporarily suspended due to the upgrade works at Gatwick Airport station.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Edgware Road
towards Walthamstow Central
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
Accidents and incidents
On 27 August 1910, an empty LB&SCR stock train derailed due to inadequate signalling arrangements, leading to four injuries. On 17 July 1946, a light engine collided with a passenger train; several people were injured.
On 26 July 1939, as part of the IRA's S-Plan, bombs exploded in the luggage office at King's Cross and then in the cloakroom at Victoria. Five were wounded at Victoria; at King's Cross, one man was killed and 17 people severely wounded.
On 18 February 1991, an IRA bomb exploded in a litter bin, killing David Corner, and injuring 38. A general bomb warning for all main-line stations had been received by telephone at 0700, but the Metropolitan Police Anti-Terrorist Branch chose not to close the stations.
In 2009 a woman was found by a Police Community Support Officer (PCSO) acting suspiciously. When approached she produced a gun and pointed it at a passing young child. Unarmed PCSO George McNaught of the Metropolitan Police wrestled the gun out of the woman's hands before overpowering and detaining her. The woman was arrested and PCSO McNaught was awarded the commendation of the High Sheriff of Greater London for his brave actions. He is the first PCSO to receive the award.
In March 2010, a youth was stabbed to death in Victoria Underground station, in front of numerous witnesses. Eight people were convicted of the killing in 2013. Three defendants were found guilty of murder and five were convicted of manslaughter.
The former British ambassador to the US, Sir Christopher Meyer, claimed to have been attacked on a Tube platform at the station in July 2018. Two teenagers were arrested and then bailed by police. However a witness subsequently claimed that Sir Christopher was injured after accidentally falling over.
On 22 March 2020, during the global COVID-19 pandemic, a ticket office worker, Belly Mujinga along with another female staff member, were repeatedly coughed and spat on by a man from the public, who claimed to have COVID-19. A few days later, both Mujinga and the fellow worker fell ill with the virus. Mujinga had underlying respiratory issues and was eventually admitted to Barnet General Hospital and put on a ventilator. She died on 5 April, aged 47, leaving her 11-year-old daughter and husband. The police interviewed a 57-year-old man, who tested negative for the virus. No further action was taken as it was discovered that the incident was not a cause of Mujinga's death, as well as senior detectives concluding that "there is no evidence to substantiate any criminal offences having taken place".
London Underground station
|Local authority||City of Westminster|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Owner||Transport for London|
|Number of platforms||4|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|1872||Started "Outer Circle" (NLR)|
|1872||Started "Middle Circle" (H&CR/DR)|
|1900||Ended "Middle Circle"|
|1908||Ended "Outer Circle"|
|1949||Started (Circle line)|
|1969||Opened as terminus (Victoria line)|
|1971||Extended south (Victoria line)|
|London transport portal|
There are two connected Underground stations at Victoria, on different levels and built more than a century apart. The older one, on the north side of the bus station, serves the District and Circle lines, constructed by 'cut and cover' methods just below road level. The newer station, closer to the main line station, serves the Victoria line, a deep-level tube. Each has its own ticket hall, and the two are connected by a pedestrian passage beneath the bus station.
Victoria is currently the 2nd busiest station on the London Underground with 85.47 million passengers using the station in 2019. The station was not built for this number of passengers, which resulted in overcrowding requiring crowd control measures to be implemented at busy times. A £700 million upgrade of the station was completed in 2018, which doubled the size of the existing station, as well as providing step-free access.
Circle and District lines
The first part of the station was opened on 24 December 1868 by the District Railway (DR, now the District line) when the company opened the first section of its line, between South Kensington and Westminster. The DR connected to the Metropolitan Railway (MR, later the Metropolitan line) at South Kensington and, although the two companies were rivals, each company operated trains over the other's tracks in a joint service known as the "Inner Circle". The line was operated by steam locomotives, creating the necessity to leave periodic gaps open to the air.
On 1 February 1872, the DR opened a northward branch from Earl's Court to the West London Extension Joint Railway (WLEJR, now the West London Line) at Addison Road (now Kensington (Olympia)). From that date the "Outer Circle" service began running over the DR. The service was run by the North London Railway (NLR) from Broad Street (now demolished) in the City of London via the North London Line to Willesden Junction, then the West London Line to Addison Road and the DR to Mansion House, the new eastern terminus of the DR.
From 1 August 1872, the "Middle Circle" service also began operation through Victoria, from Moorgate along the MR on the north side of the Inner Circle to Paddington, then over the Hammersmith & City Railway (H&CR) to Latimer Road and then to Mansion House. On 30 June 1900, the Middle Circle service was withdrawn between Earl's Court and Mansion House. On 31 December 1908 the Outer Circle service was also withdrawn.
The original DR station was rebuilt at the beginning of the 20th century, initially as a single-storey structure. An office building was built above it later. The line was electrified in 1905. In 1949, the Inner Circle route was given its own identity on the tube map as the Circle line.
Plans for the route that eventually became the Victoria line date from the 1940s. A proposal for a new underground railway line linking north-east London with the centre was included in the County of London Plan in 1943. Between 1946 and 1954, a series of routes were proposed by different transport authorities to connect various places in south and north or north-east London. Each of these connected the three main-line termini at King's Cross, Euston and Victoria.[a] A route was approved in 1955 with future extensions to be decided later, though funding for the construction was not approved by the government until 1962.
As part of the construction of the Victoria line, a new ticket hall was constructed just outside the main railway building. From the ticket hall, a set of escalators led down to the new Victoria line. The Victoria line station opened on 7 March 1969, when the third phase of the line began operating, south of Warren Street. Victoria was the terminus while the final phase was under construction to Brixton. This opened on 23 July 1971.
Station upgrade and expansion
Following growth in passenger numbers in the 2000s, Victoria Underground station became one of the busiest on the Underground, with around 80 million passengers a year. At rush hour, more than 30,000 passengers entered the station between 8 and 9am, and entrances to the station were frequently closed due to dangerous levels of overcrowding at platform level.
TfL subsequently upgraded and expanded the station at a cost of £700m between 2011 and 2018 to alleviate overcrowding and to provide step-free access. The work included expansion of the existing south "Victoria line" ticket hall, an additional entrance and ticket hall under Bressenden Place, new and replaced escalators, renovation and expansion work throughout the existing station, and step-free access. Overall, the work expanded the station by 110%, with 9 new escalators and 10 new lifts.
Although contributors to the public inquiry into the upgrade criticised that access to platforms was long and/or indirect compared to the direct access using the existing escalators, the work was permitted in July 2009. Construction began in 2011, and tunnelling for the project was completed in 2015 after complex work; tunnelling took place 60 cm from the existing District and Circle line tunnels.
The first phase of the project opened in January 2017, with a new entrance leading to a North Ticket Hall underneath Bressenden Place, linked to the Victoria line by new escalators and lifts. In January 2018, the second phase of the project opened, with a new entrance at Wilton Road in front of the mainline station and the expanded Victoria line ticket hall. The main project was completed in October 2018, when step free access between all lines was completed. Work to reinstate the bus station and the historic Duke of York public house continued until 2019.
Victoria is a proposed stop on Crossrail 2, the route of which has been safeguarded since 1991. The project would involve the construction of two new 250-metre (820 ft) long platforms, and new entrances onto Ebury Street and the main National Rail station. The District and Circle line ticket hall would be expanded and include a direct connection to the new Crossrail station. Crossrail 2 trains would also be able to reverse at Victoria. The service proposes to run 30 additional trains per hour through the station, which is expected to reduce crowding in Victoria by 25%.
The Docklands Light Railway has also been proposed to be linked with Victoria. This would be a continuation of the line from Bank via City Thameslink, with another branch to Euston. As of 2020, these extensions of the DLR are not being progressed.
In January 2020, Victoria BID - the local Business improvement district - proposed removing the bus station from the mainline station forecourt to create a new "Station Square". Bus stops would be relocated to nearby streets.
Victoria station is mentioned in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest as the location where Jack Worthing was found by Thomas Cardew. In describing this to Lady Bracknell, Jack clarifies he was named because Cardew had a ticket to Worthing, and clarifies this as "the Brighton line" (that is, the LB&SCR station, as opposed to the LC&DR one).
- In 1946, the Railway (London Plan) Committee published a report including "Route 8 – South to North link from East Croydon to Finsbury Park", a main-line service running between Norbury and Hornsey in tunnel via Streatham Hill, Brixton, Vauxhall, Victoria, Bond Street, Euston, King's Cross and Finsbury Park. In 1947, the London Passenger Transport Board produced a plan for a similar route for a tube line running into north-east London. This would run between Coulsdon North or Sanderstead and Walthamstow (Hoe Street) or Waltham Cross. These plans were reviewed by the British Transport Commission in 1949 and a feasibility study was recommended. This became a combined route, "Route C" running between Walthamstow and Victoria.
- "London and South East" (PDF). National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
- "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "Victoria Station". Network Rail. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "The history of London Victoria station". Network Rail. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
- "London Victoria station". Google Maps. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- Davies & Grant 1983, p. 48.
- "Commercial information". Our Stations. London: Network Rail. April 2014. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- Historic England. "Victoria Railway Station – The Former London, Chatham and Dover Railway Station including Train Shed (1266689)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Victoria Coach Station". TfL. Retrieved 26 December 2009.
- "Buses from Victoria" (PDF). TfL. 30 November 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Night buses from Victoria" (PDF). TfL. 30 November 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- Jackson 1984, p. 268.
- Jackson 1984, pp. 267–268.
- Turner 1978, pp. 116–117.
- Gray 1977, pp. 42–3.
- Gray 1977, p. 44.
- Gray 1977, p. 45.
- Turner 1978, p. 121.
- Turner 1978, p. 122.
- Jackson 1984, p. 269.
- Jackson 1984, p. 271.
- "Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway". Daily News. London. 2 August 1860.
- Jackson 1984, p. 272.
- Gordon 1910, p. 157.
- Jackson 1984, p. 274.
- Body 1989, p. 201.
- GWR Memorandum for the Board 23 January 1931. National Archives RAIL 1057/2931.
- Gray 1977, p. 61.
- Jackson 1984, p. 278.
- Gray 1990, p. 111.
- Jackson 1984, p. 277.
- Betjeman 1972, p. 98.
- Gordon 1910, pp. 157–8.
- Turner 1979, pp. 172–5.
- Jackson 1984, p. 267.
- Martin 2014, p. 88.
- White, H. P. (1961). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: 2 Southern England. London: Phoenix House. p. 40. OCLC 271476914.
- Gray 1990, p. 52.
- Jackson 1984, p. 281.
- Jackson 1984, p. 282.
- Jackson 1984, p. 287.
- Weinreb et al. 2008, p. 975.
- Jackson 1984, p. 288.
- Jackson 1984, p. 239.
- Jackson 1984, p. 289.
- "Victoria Station, London: Saying Goodbye". BBC. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Jackson 1984, p. 290.
- Dendy Marshall 1988, p. 396.
- Jackson 1984, p. 291.
- Martin 2017, p. 182.
- Jackson 1984, p. 368.
- "Railway Agreement. G.W.R. and Victoria Station". The Times (46364). London. 9 February 1933. p. 18.
- Jackson 1984, p. 294.
- Moody 1968, pp. 23–67.
- Martin 2014, p. 89.
- New Booking Hall at Victoria Railway Gazette 9 February 1951 page 163
- Jackson 1984, p. 296.
- Jackson 1984, p. 295.
- Around the Regions Rail issue 78 March 1988 page 44
- Victoria platform additions The Railway Magazine issue 1043 March 1988 page 144
- Jeffs 2013, p. 8.
- British United Airways' terminal Railway Gazette 1 December 1961 page 638
- Jackson 1984, pp. 368–369.
- Jackson 1984, p. 297.
- Christopher 2011, p. 101.
- Pigott, Nick, ed. (June 2012). "Waterloo still London's busiest station". The Railway Magazine. Horncastle. 158 (1334): 6.
- "London Waterloo Set To Become the First European Terminal To Reach 200 Million Annual Passengers". The Independent. 28 December 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "Using Colours in Wayfinding and Navigation". Wayfinding Specialists. 24 April 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "London Victoria". Southeastern. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "The Journey, London to Venice on the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express". Luxury Trains. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Jackson 1984, pp. 287, 289.
- "London Victoria". Southern. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "Timetables". Southern. Select an appropriate timetable to verify the route and trains per hour. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "About Us". Govia. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "Timetables". Select a timetable for specific information: Southeastern. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
- "Timetables | Southeastern". www.southeasternrailway.co.uk. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- "PSUL 2019". www.psul4all.free-online.co.uk. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- "Gatwick Airport Station Upgrade". Southern, May 2020.
- "Gatwick Express launches new ticket gates". Gatwick Express. 6 December 2011. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012.
- "Dynamite outrage at Victoria Station". The Times. London. 27 February 1884. p. 10.
- Jackson 1984, pp. 301–302.
- Earnshaw 1989, p. 30.
- "Crushing I.R.A.: Quick Passage For Bill". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 July 1939. p. 12.
- John Graham (7 September 1973). "Then and now: the IRA's 1939 campaign in England". The Financial Times – via The Canberra Times p. 2.
- Earnshaw 1993, p. 33.
- "Bomb Attacks". Illustrated London News. 27 October 1973. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Provisional I R A actions Part One (1969–1975)". Memorial at Peninsula (Royal Green Jackets). Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- Malcolm Sutton (1994). An Index of Deaths from the Conflict in Ireland 1969–1993. ISBN 0-9514229-4-4. Retrieved 12 January 2007.
- Bell 1994, p. 786.
- "PCS Hero wins bravery award" (Press release). London: Public and Commercial Services Union. 30 March 2009. Archived from the original on 23 May 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- "Gang murdered boy during rush hour at Victoria station". BBC News. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
- "Ex-UK ambassador to US Christopher Meyer attacked in London". The Guardian. London. 12 July 2018.
- "Teenagers did not attack former diplomat Sir Christopher Meyer – he fell, says witness". The Times. London. 17 July 2018.
- Clifton, Katy (8 May 2019). "Victoria station crash: Southern Rail train 'hits buffers causing loud bang and smoke' in front of shocked commuters". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- "Police close case of rail worker's Covid-19 death after spitting incident". The Guardian. London. 29 May 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Victoria ticket worker dies after being spat at". BBC News. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
- Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. October 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 November 2021. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures (2007–2017)". London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Archived from the original (XLSX) on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- "Station Usage Data" (CSV). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2018. Transport for London. 21 August 2019. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
- "Station Usage Data" (XLSX). Usage Statistics for London Stations, 2019. Transport for London. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
- "Victoria : Axonometric Station Layout". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 August 2017. Cite journal requires
- "Tube bosses tell commuters: don't travel through Victoria at rush-hour, it's too busy". London Evening Standard. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 6 August 2017.
- "Improvements & projects > Victoria". Transport for London. Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "New Tube entrance and ticket hall unveiled at Victoria station". London Evening Standard. 27 January 2018.
- Demuth 2004, p. 4.
- Glover 2003, p. 11.
- Demuth 2004, pp. 6–7.
- Glover 2003, p. 15.
- Day 1979, p. 22.
- Demuth 2004, p. 6.
- Jackson 1986, p. 333.
- Course 1962, p. 181.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 63.
- Rose 1999.
- "How old is the Circle line?". The Daily Telegraph. London. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 143.
- Railway (London Plan) Committee 1946
- "Victoria Line – History". Clive's Underground Line Guides. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 148.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 153.
- Day & Reed 2010, p. 160.
- Demuth 2004, p. 24.
- Demuth 2004, p. 26.
- "Rail and Underground Panel - Victoria Station Upgrade" (PDF). Transport for London. 16 October 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
- "Victoria station revamp to begin". BBC News. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- "Submissions by the Victoria Interchange Group to the Victoria Station Upgrade Public Enquiry". Persona. Archived from the original on 7 January 2011.
- "Transport and Works Act 1992 Town and Country Planning Act 1990 Applications for the Proposed London Underground (Victoria station upgrade) Order and for deemed Planning Permission" (PDF). Persona Associates. Department for Transport. 23 July 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
- "'Major milestone' as Victoria station tunnelling work finishes". Rail Technology Magazine. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
- "New ticket hall and entrance open at Victoria Station" (Press release). Transport for London. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- Smith, Saphora (17 January 2017). "New entrance to Victoria Tube station opens as part of £700m upgrade". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
- "Victoria Tube station becomes 75th to be made step-free" (Press release). Transport for London. 22 October 2018.
- "Duke of York Public House - Leisure Scheme by Engineering Consultancy FHP". FHP. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
- "Proposed Route of the Chelsea – Hackney Line". Department for Transport. Archived from the original on 10 August 2007.
- "Crossrail 2 factsheet: Victoria station" (PDF). Transport for London. October 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Safeguarding Crossrail 2 for the future". Crossrail. Archived from the original on 19 March 2015.
- "Potential DLR extensions" (PDF). Docklands Light Railway. 15 May 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- "TfL Moots New DLR Routes, Including Victoria And St Pancras". Londonist. 3 May 2011z. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- "Mayor's Transport Strategy" (PDF). Mayor of London. March 2018.
- "Buses to be banished from Victoria station?". www.keybuses.com. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
- "People Wanted - Placemaking in Victoria - Public Realm Vision and Strategy" (PDF). Victoria BID. January 2020. pp. 105–116. Retrieved 23 July 2021.
- Wilde, Oscar (1899). The Importance of Being Earnest. L. Smithers. p. 37.
- Wheeler, Thomas Bruce (2011). The London of Sherlock Holmes. Andrews UK Limited. p. 392. ISBN 978-1-780-92211-9.
- Pinter, Harold (1984). Other Places: Four Plays. Dramatists Play Service. ISBN 0-8222-0866-0.
- Bell, John Bowyer (1994). The Irish Troubles: A Generation of Violence 1967–1992. Dublin: Gill & MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-7171-2201-1.
- Betjeman, John (1972). London's historic railway stations. London: John Murray. ISBN 0-7195-3426-7.
- Body, Geoffrey (1989). Railways of the Southern Region. London: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-297-X.
- Course, Edwin (1962). London Railways. B. T. Batsford.
- Christopher, John (2011). Victoria Station Through Time. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-445-62431-0.
- Davies, R.; Grant, M.D. (1983). London and its Railways. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8107-5.
- Day, John R (1979) . The Story of London's Underground (6th ed.). London Transport. ISBN 0-85329-094-6.
- Day, John R; Reed, John (2010) . The Story of London's Underground (11th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-341-9.
- Demuth, Tim (2004). The Spread of London's Underground. Capital Transport. ISBN 185414-277-1.
- Earnshaw, Alan (1989). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 5. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-35-4.
- Earnshaw, Alan (1993). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 8. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-52-4.
- Glover, John (2003) . London's Underground (10th ed.). Ian Allan Publishing. ISBN 0-7110-2935-0.
- Gordon, William John (1910). Our home railways. 1. London and New York: Frederick Warne & Co.
- Gray, Adrian (1977). The London to Brighton Line 1841–1877. Blandford Forum: Oakwood Press. OCLC 4570078.
- Gray, Adrian (1990). South Eastern Railway. Middleton Press. ISBN 978-0-906520-85-7.
- Jackson, Alan (1984) . London's Termini (New Revised ed.). London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-330-02747-6.
- Jackson, Alan (1986). London's Metropolitan Railway. David & Charles. ISBN 0-715-38839-8.
- Jeffs, Simon (2013). The London to Brighton Line Through Time. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-1-445-63708-2.
- Dendy Marshall, Chapman F. (1988). History of the Southern Railway. Revised by R. W. Kidner (reprint of the 1963 revised ed.). London: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-0059-9.
- Martin, Andrew (2014). Belles and Whistles: Journeys Through Time on Britain's Trains. Profile Books. ISBN 978-1-782-83025-2.
- Martin, Andrew (2017). Night Trains: The Rise and Fall of the Sleeper. Profile Books. ISBN 978-1-782-83212-6.
- Moody, G.T. (1968). Southern Electric 1909–1968. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 978-0-7110-0017-9.
- Railway (London Plan) Committee (1946). Report to the Minister of War Transport. HMSO.
- Rose, Douglas (1999) . The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
- Turner, John Howard (1978). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 2 Establishment and Growth. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-1198-8.
- Turner, J. T. Howard (1979). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway: 3. Completion and Maturity. London: Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-1389-1.
- Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher; Keay, John; Keay, Julia (2008). The London Encyclopaedia (2nd ed.). Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-405-04924-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to London Victoria station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- Main line station
- Underground station
- Station information on Victoria Station from Network Rail