London Waterloo East railway station
|London Waterloo East|
Waterloo East viewed from the London Eye
|Local authority||London Borough of Lambeth|
|Number of platforms||4|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||1.510 million|
|– interchange||1.551 million|
|– interchange||1.377 million|
|– interchange||1.096 million|
|– interchange||1.133 million|
|Original company||South Eastern Railway|
|Pre-grouping||South Eastern and Chatham Railway|
|1 January 1869||Opened as Waterloo Junction|
|7 July 1935||Renamed Waterloo|
|2 May 1977||Renamed Waterloo East|
|Lists of stations|
London transport portal|
UK Railways portal
Waterloo East railway station, also known as London Waterloo East, is a railway station in central London on the line from Charing Cross through London Bridge towards Kent, in the south-east of England. It is 61 chains (1.2 km) down the line from Charing Cross. Although Waterloo East is a through-station, it is classed for ticketing purposes as a central London terminus. Services through the station are operated by Southeastern and it is situated within fare zone 1.
The main access to the station is via an elevated walkway across Waterloo Road, which connects it to the larger Waterloo station. The eastern ends of the platforms provide pedestrian connection to Southwark station which is served by London Underground's Jubilee line; at street level there is an entrance in Sandell Street. Connections with the Underground's Bakerloo, Northern and Waterloo & City lines are available at Waterloo Underground station. There is no station building; the ticket office of the main station serves it, though there are ticket machines at the eastern end of the walkway.
The four platforms at Waterloo East are lettered rather than numbered to ensure that staff who work at both Waterloo East and the adjoining Waterloo station, which is managed and branded separately and features numbered platforms, do not confuse the platforms at the two stations. Platforms for the Thameslink platforms at St Pancras International and their predecessors at King's Cross Thameslink use this numbering convention, as well as at New Cross.
The company were under pressure to connect with London and South Western Railway (LSWR) services, as it would allow the latter to connect to the City of London via Cannon Street. The LSWR were not interested in making Charing Cross a joint station, but were amenable to providing a connection with the SER next to Waterloo. In 1867, the two companies agreed to build a joint connection so that passengers could change from LSWR to SER services in order to reach the City of London via Cannon Street. Construction of a single-line, 5-chain (100 m) connection begun in May 1868, and the new connection station opened on 1 January 1869 at a total cost of £14,290 (£1,211,000 as of 2016). The connection ran until January 1893, when it was discontinued because of overcrowding.
Shortly after opening, SER services between Charing Cross and Cannon Street had become frequented by prostitutes, who discovered the journey between the two stations was sufficiently long to service clients while paying minimum rent. After Waterloo East opened, the frequent stopping of trains there made this impractical. The connection from Waterloo Junction through to Cannon Street did not prove to be a success because of competition from the Metropolitan District Railway (now the District line) and the spread of the London Underground. Following the opening of the Waterloo and City line on 8 August 1898, connections to Cannon Street were discontinued.
The dedicated line from Waterloo through to Waterloo Junction was demolished in 1911 when the main-line station underwent an extensive reconstruction. H.G. Wells's novel The War of the Worlds describes the use of the connecting line from Waterloo to convey troop trains to the Martian landing site. The bridge which carried the line over Waterloo Road subsequently accommodated the pedestrian walkway between the two stations until replaced by the current high level covered walkway. The old bridge remains and is now used for storage.
The Southern Railway renamed the station Waterloo (also known as Waterloo Eastern) on 7 July 1935 and it took its present name on 2 May 1977. The platforms were designated A – D at the same time.
Mainline railways around the South Bank
All "up" trains run to Charing Cross only, and depart from platforms B and D. All "down" trains run from platforms A and C. The typical off-peak service is:
- 14 trains per hour (tph) Charing Cross
- 2 tph Dartford via Bexleyheath
- 2 tph Gravesend via Sidcup
- 2 tph Gillingham via Lewisham and Woolwich Arsenal
- 2 tph Hayes avoiding Lewisham
- 2 tph Sevenoaks via Orpington
- 2 tph Hastings via Tunbridge Wells
- 1 tph Dover via Ashford International
- 1 tph Ramsgate via Ashford International and Canterbury West
Southern also used to operate services at this station, but these were withdrawn in 2009 due to problems with line capacity on the South Eastern Main Line.
The Quietway 1 cycle route passes underneath the station.
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLS). Transport for London. May 2011. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "Station facilities for London Waterloo East". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Section A" (PDF). National Fares Manual 98. Association of Train Operating Companies. Retrieved 2 January 2010.[dead link]
- "Where Do London's Mysterious Overhead Footbridges Go?". Londonist. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Jackson 1984, pp. 216–217.
- Gray 1990, p. 111.
- Gray 1990, p. 119.
- Gray 1990, pp. 119–120.
- Jackson 1984, p. 176.
- Gray 1990, p. 120.
- Gray 1990, p. 124.
- Jackson 1984, p. 224.
- Butt 1995, p. 242.
- Jackson 1984, p. 362.
- Hughes, Simon (18 May 1992). "Jubilee Line Extension". Hansard. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "Waterloo Station's New 220m Balcony Opens to Reduce Congestion in Time for Olympic Games". Network Rail. 17 July 2012.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- Gray, Adrian (1990). South Eastern Railway. Middleton Press. ISBN 978-0-906520-85-7.
- Jackson, Alan (1984) . London's Termini (New Revised ed.). London: David & Charles. ISBN 0-330-02747-6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Waterloo East railway station.|
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|London Charing Cross||Southeastern
South Eastern Main Line
|London Waterloo||South Eastern
and Chatham Railway
South Eastern Main Line