London station group

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from London railway station)
Jump to: navigation, search
"London railway station" redirects here. For the VIA Rail station in London, Ontario, Canada, see London railway station (Ontario). For other uses, see London railway station (disambiguation).
Tickets to "London"

The London station group is a ring of 18 railway stations served by the National Rail network in central London. Most are terminal stations, although a few are through-stations (that includes those with a combination of terminal and through platforms). Each of these stations is part of a notional "common location" to which tickets from stations outside that group are issued. The station group is rendered on tickets as London Terminals.[1]

All current stations in the group fall within London fare zone 1. The large number of terminal stations is explained by the refusal of Parliament to allow railway lines to enter the centre of London in the 19th century, causing them to form a ring, connected by underground railways.[2] The majority of the larger stations managed by Network Rail are in the group.[3]

Group members[edit]

As of 2017, the group comprises:[1][4]

Former members[edit]

Station statistics[edit]

Station Image Location Coordinates Managed
by
London
services
National services Annual entry/exit (millions)[7] Open
date
Platforms[5] Category
2006/7 2007/8 2008/9 2009/10 Terminal Through
Blackfriars Blackfriars station main entrance.JPG City of London 51°30′40″N 0°06′11″W / 51.511°N 0.103°W / 51.511; -0.103 (Blackfriars) Thameslink NW, N, S, SE Thameslink, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport 11.852 Increase 12.440 Increase 12.959 Increase 12.089 Decrease 1886 2 2 A
Cannon Street Cannon Street station.jpg City of London 51°30′36″N 0°05′24″W / 51.510°N 0.090°W / 51.510; -0.090 (Cannon Street) Network Rail[3] SE Kent and East Sussex 21.106 Increase 22.045 Increase 21.646 Decrease 20.229 Decrease 1866 7 0 A
Charing Cross Charing Cross stn building from platforms.JPG Westminster 51°30′25″N 0°07′23″W / 51.507°N 0.123°W / 51.507; -0.123 (Charing Cross) Network Rail[3] SE Kent and East Sussex 34.779 Increase 36.294 Increase 36.660 Increase 36.460 Decrease 1864 6 0 A
City Thameslink City Thameslink stn Ludgate Hill entrance.JPG City of London 51°30′58″N 0°06′11″W / 51.516°N 0.103°W / 51.516; -0.103 (City Thameslink) Thameslink NW, N, S, SE Thameslink, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport 5.479 Increase 5.370 Decrease 5.294 Decrease 5.163 Decrease 1988 0 2 C
Euston Euston station facade.jpg Camden 51°31′41″N 0°07′59″W / 51.528°N 0.133°W / 51.528; -0.133 (Euston) Network Rail[3] NW West Coast Main Line 25.585 Decrease 28.739 Increase 31.179 Increase 30.068 Decrease 1837 18 0 A
Fenchurch Street Fenchurch street station.jpg City of London 51°30′40″N 0°04′41″W / 51.511°N 0.078°W / 51.511; -0.078 (Fenchurch Street) Network Rail[3] E Southend-on-Sea 15.189 Decrease 15.976 Increase 16.576 Increase 15.093 Decrease 1841 4 0 A
Kings Cross King's Cross stn building.JPG Camden 51°31′55″N 0°07′23″W / 51.532°N 0.123°W / 51.532; -0.123 (Kings Cross) Network Rail[3] N East Coast Main Line 22.504 Increase 23.945 Increase 24.641 Increase 24.818 Increase 1852 12 0 A
Liverpool Street Liverpool Street station entrance Bishopsgate.JPG City of London 51°31′05″N 0°04′52″W / 51.518°N 0.081°W / 51.518; -0.081 (Liverpool Street) Network Rail[3] E, NE East of England, Stansted Airport 55.266 Increase 57.790 Increase 56.198 Decrease 51.596 Decrease 1874 18 0 A
London Bridge London Bridge mainline stn Tooley Street entrance.JPG Southwark 51°30′18″N 0°05′10″W / 51.505°N 0.086°W / 51.505; -0.086 (London Bridge) Network Rail[3] S, SE, NW Kent, East Sussex, Gatwick Airport 47.577 Increase 50.602 Increase 49.901 Decrease 48.723 Decrease 1836 9 6 A
Marylebone Marylebone station entrance.JPG Westminster 51°31′19″N 0°09′47″W / 51.522°N 0.163°W / 51.522; -0.163 (Marylebone) Chiltern Railways NW Birmingham 11.639 Increase 11.559 Decrease 11.645 Increase 11.758 Increase 1899 6 0 A
Moorgate Moorgate entrance Mfields.JPG City of London 51°31′05″N 0°05′17″W / 51.518°N 0.088°W / 51.518; -0.088 (Moorgate) London Underground N Hertfordshire 9.236 Increase 10.109 Increase 9.374 Decrease 6.737 Decrease 1865 2 0 E
Old Street Old Street stn northwest entrance.JPG Islington 51°31′30″N 0°05′13″W / 51.525°N 0.087°W / 51.525; -0.087 (Old Street) London Underground N Hertfordshire 0.734 0.813 Increase 0.828 Increase 1.372 Increase 1901 0 2 E
Paddington Paddington Station 01.jpg Westminster 51°31′01″N 0°10′37″W / 51.517°N 0.177°W / 51.517; -0.177 (Paddington) Network Rail[3] W Great Western Main Line, Heathrow Airport 27.259 Increase 26.521 Decrease 32.697 Increase 29.104 Decrease 1854 14 0 A
St Pancras St Pancras International stn east entrance.JPG Camden 51°31′48″N 0°07′30″W / 51.530°N 0.125°W / 51.530; -0.125 (St Pancras) Network Rail,[3] HS1 Ltd. and Eurostar International Limited[8] N, NW, S, SE Midland Main Line, Gatwick Airport, Luton Airport, High Speed 1 (Kent), Eurostar (Belgium and France) 5.777 Increase 6.624 Increase 19.326 Increase [6] 18.020 Decrease 1868 13 2 A/C[7]
Vauxhall Vauxhall mainline stn north building.JPG Lambeth 51°29′06″N 0°07′19″W / 51.485°N 0.122°W / 51.485; -0.122 (Vauxhall) South West Trains SW South West England 10.469 Increase 15.420 Increase 14.582 Decrease 13.890 Decrease 1848 0 10 B
Victoria London Victoria Station frontage.jpg Westminster 51°29′46″N 0°08′38″W / 51.496°N 0.144°W / 51.496; -0.144 (Victoria) Network Rail[3] S, SE, SW Kent, Sussex, Gatwick Airport 66.749 Increase 70.854 Increase 70.157 Decrease 70.224 Increase 1862 19 0 A
Waterloo Waterloo station.JPG Lambeth 51°30′11″N 0°06′47″W / 51.503°N 0.113°W / 51.503; -0.113 (Waterloo) Network Rail[3] SW South West England 89.993 Increase 91.452 Increase 88.548 Decrease 86.397 Decrease 1848 22 0 A
Waterloo East Waterloo East stn entrance Waterloo concourse.JPG Lambeth 51°30′14″N 0°06′36″W / 51.504°N 0.110°W / 51.504; -0.110 (Waterloo East) Southeastern S, SE Kent and East Sussex 6.329 Increase 6.537 Increase 6.675 Increase 6.714 Increase 1869 0 4 B

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  • ^a for Thameslink from the north only[1]
  • ^b for Thameslink from the south only[1]
  • ^c does not include London Underground
  • ^d from 2008/2009, King's Cross Thameslink passengers are grouped with St Pancras. In addition, full Eurostar services began from St Pancras on 9 December 2007.
  • ^e international and domestic category A; Thameslink category C[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d NFM 98. National Fares Manuals. London: Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC Ltd). January 2008. Section A. 
  2. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2004). The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How it Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Stations Run by Network Rail". Network Rail. 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "Travelling to, from and via London". National Rail Enquiries website. Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC Ltd). 2011. 
  5. ^ NFM 57. National Fares Manuals. London: British Railways Board. May 1994. Section A. 
  6. ^ NFM 97. National Fares Manuals. London: Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC Ltd). May 2007. Section A. 
  7. ^ "Station usage". Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "St Pancras Eurostar Terminal". whatdotheyknow.com. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Part D: Annexes" (PDF). Better Rail Stations. Department for Transport. 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2010.