Londonderry (UK Parliament constituency)

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For other constituencies of the same name, see Londonderry (disambiguation).
Londonderry
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Replaced by North Londonderry and South Londonderry
19221983
Replaced by East Londonderry and Foyle
Created from Londonderry City, North Londonderry and South Londonderry

Londonderry was a Parliamentary Constituency in the House of Commons and also a constituency in elections to various regional bodies. It was replaced in boundary changes in 1983. It returned two MPs 1801–1885 and one 1922–1983.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consisted, in 1801–1885, of the whole of County Londonderry, except for the Parliamentary boroughs of Coleraine and Londonderry City.

The seat was re-created in 1922. As part of the consequences of the devolved Stormont Parliament for Northern Ireland, the number of MPs in the Westminster Parliament was drastically cut. The seat was focused on County Londonderry. It comprised the Administrative county of Londonderry and the County Borough of Londonderry.

In 1951, it was one of the last four seats to be uncontested in a United Kingdom general election.

In 1983 the number of seats for Northern Ireland was increased from 12 to 17 and Londonderry was split in two, forming Foyle and East Londonderry.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1801–1885[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
1801 Hon. Charles William Stewart[1] Vacant
1801 by-election Sir George Hill, 2nd Bt
1802 Lord George Thomas Beresford Conservative
1812 Hon. William Ponsonby Conservative
1814 by-election Alexander Stewart
1815 by-election George Robert Dawson
1818 Alexander Robert Stewart
1830 Theobald Jones Conservative Sir Robert Bateson, 1st Bt Conservative
1842 by-election Robert Bateson Conservative
1844 by-election Thomas Bateson Conservative
1857 James Johnston Clark Conservative
1857 by-election Samuel Macurdy Greer Liberal
1859 Robert Peel Dawson Conservative Sir Frederick Heygate, 2nd Bt Conservative
1874 Richard Smyth Liberal Hugh Law Liberal
1878 by-election Sir Thomas McClure, 1st Bt Liberal
1881 by-election Andrew Marshall Porter Liberal
1884 by-election Samuel Walker Liberal
1885 constituency abolished: see North Londonderry & South Londonderry

1922–1983[edit]

Election Member Party
1922 Sir Malcolm Macnaghten Ulster Unionist
1929 by-election Sir Ronald Ross Ulster Unionist
1951 by-election William Wellwood Ulster Unionist
1955 Robin Chichester-Clark Ulster Unionist
February 1974 William Ross Ulster Unionist
1983 constituency abolished: see Foyle & East Londonderry

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ known as Sir Charles Stewart from 1813

Westminster elections[edit]

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Ross 31,592 49.7
SDLP Hugh Logue 19,185 30.2
Alliance Arthur Barr 5,830 9.2
Irish Independence Fergus McAteer 5,489 8.6
Republican Clubs Eamonn Melaugh 888 1.4
Independent Labour William Webster 639 1.0
Majority 12,407 19.5
Turnout 63,623 67.1
UUP hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Ross 35,138 54.4
SDLP John Hume 26,118 40.4
Republican Clubs Michael Montgomery 2,530 3.9
Independent Richard Foster 846 1.3
Majority 9,020 14.0
Turnout 64,632 69.3
UUP hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP William Ross 33,060 52.7
SDLP Hugh Logue 23,670 37.7
Republican Clubs Michael Montgomery 4,889 7.8
Independent Richard Foster 1,162 1.9
Majority 9,390 15.0
Turnout 62,781 68.1
UUP hold Swing
General Election 1970: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Robin Chichester-Clark 39,141 53.1
Unity Eddie McAteer 27,006 36.6
Derry Labour Eamonn McCann 7,565 10.3
Majority 12,135 16.5
Turnout 73,712 81.6
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Robin Chichester-Clark 34,729 58.1
Nationalist Paddy Gormley 22,167 37.1
Independent Republican Neil Gillespie 2,860 4.8
Majority 12,562 21.0
Turnout 59,756 76.4
UUP hold Swing
General Election 1964: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Robin Chichester-Clark 37,700 64.1
Independent Republican Hugh McAteer 21,123 35.9
Majority 16,577 28.1
Turnout 58,823 76.5
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Robin Chichester-Clark 37,529 73.0
Sinn Féin Manus Canning 13,872 27.0
Majority 23,657 46.0
Turnout 51,401 70.2
UUP hold Swing
General Election 1955: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Robin Chichester-Clark 35,673 64.5
Sinn Féin Manus Canning 19,640 35.5
Majority 16,033 29.0
Turnout 55,313 77.6
UUP hold Swing
In the Londonderry by-election, 1951[1] and the United Kingdom general election, 1951, William Wellwood was elected unopposed.
General Election 1950: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Ronald Deane Ross 36,602 62.6
Independent Republican Hugh McAteer 21,880 37.4
Majority 14,722 25.2
Turnout 58,482 80.7
UUP hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Ronald Deane Ross 40,214 50.8 N/A
Nationalist Denis Cavanagh 37,561 47.4 N/A
NI Labour Milton Gordon 1,471 1.9 N/A
Majority 2,653 3.4 N/A
Turnout 79,246 88.1 N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

In the 1931 and 1935 general elections, Ronald Deane Ross was elected unopposed.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

In the Londonderry by-election, 1929 and the United Kingdom general election, 1929, Ronald Deane Ross was elected unopposed.
General Election 1924: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Malcolm Macnaghten 30,875 82.9 N/A
Sinn Féin Charles MacWhinney 5,869 15.8 N/A
Independent Unionist William Galt 517 1.4 N/A
Majority 25,006 67.1 N/A
Turnout 37,261 59.1 N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A
In the United Kingdom general election, 1923, Malcolm Macnaghten was elected unopposed.
General Election 1922: Londonderry
Party Candidate Votes % ±
UUP Malcolm Macnaghten 30,743 75.7 N/A
Independent Unionist
  • Edmund Loftus MacNaghten
9,861 24.3 N/A
Majority 20,882 51.4 N/A
Turnout 40,604 63.9 N/A
UUP hold Swing N/A
  • anti-partition

Politics and history of the constituency[edit]

From its inception Londonderry had a unionist majority, though by the 1970s the nationalist vote was approaching 40% in some elections.

In 1974 the Ulster Unionist Party repudiated the Sunningdale Agreement and so did not reselect Robin Chichester-Clark, who had been a Minister in the government of Edward Heath. Instead they ran William Ross, who held the seat until 1983. He was then elected for the new East Londonderry.

For the history of the area post 1983, please see Foyle (UK Parliament constituency) and East Londonderry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1951 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2015-08-12.