Londonderry City (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||One|
Londonderry City was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system .
Boundaries and Boundary Changes
It was an original constituency represented in Parliament when the Union of Great Britain and Ireland took effect on 1 January 1801. In 1922 it was combined with North Londonderry and South Londonderry, to form the Londonderry county constituency.
After the extension of the franchise in 1885, the constituency was one of the most marginal seats in Ireland. There were many close elections.
Sinn Féin won in 1918. The MP (best known in Irish history as Professor Eoin MacNeill) was also returned by National University of Ireland. As MacNeill did not take his seat in the United Kingdom House of Commons he could not choose which constituency he would represent and arrange a by-election in the other. He played an active role in the First Dáil and in the government it set up.
Members of Parliament
The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.
|General Election 14 December 1918|
|Sinn Féin||Eoin MacNeill||7,335||N/A|
|Irish Unionist||Sir Robert Newton Anderson||7,020||N/A|
|Irish Parliamentary||William Hamilton Davey||120||N/A|
|Sinn Féin gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|By-Election 30 November 1914: Londonderry City
|Liberal||Sir James Brown Dougherty||unopposed|
|Londonderry City by-election, 1913
|Liberal||David Cleghorn Hogg||2,699||50.5||+50.5|
|Irish Unionist||Hercules Arthur Pakenham||2,642||49.5||-1.6|
|Liberal gain from Irish Unionist||Swing||n/a|
|General Election December 1910
|Irish Unionist||Marquis of Hamilton||2,415||51.1|
|Irish Parliamentary||John Randolph Leslie||2,310||48.9|
|Irish Unionist hold||Swing|
- The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), 2nd edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
- Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
- Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1978)
- Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (The Harvester Press 1979)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4 )[self-published source][better source needed]