Long-eared gymnure

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Long-earned gymnure
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Subkingdom: Bilateria
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclass: Tetrapoda
Class: Mammalia
Subclass: Theria
Infraclass: Eutheria
Order: Eulipotyphla
Family: Erinaceidae
Subfamily: Galericinae
Genus: Hylomys
Species: Hylomys megalotis
Binomial name
Hylomys megalotis
Jenkins & M. F. Robinson, 2002
Long-eared Gymnure area.png
Long-eared gymnure range

The long-eared gymnure (Hylomys megalotis) is a eulipotyphlan that is found in Laos. This specific type of gymnure has long ears and a long skull compared to that of others.[2] It is also recognized for its broad forefeet, stout claws, and naked hindfeet.[3]


The term Hylomys is referred as lesser gymnures.[4] The term megalotis is derived from the two Greek words "megas" and "otos," which means "large" and "ears", respectively.[5]

Taxonomic overview[edit]

H. megalotis is from the family Erinaceidae. Some special physical features of Erinaceidae are that they have rounded bodies, pointed noses, and short tails.[6] The members of Erinaceidae are considered to be omnivores,[7] and some of their foods are insects, frogs, mice, fruits, and roots.[6]

There are two types of Erinaceidae: Erinaceinae (hedgehog) and Galericinae (gymnure).[5] Hedgehogs are nocturnals and have sharp, spiny fur on their backs.[6] Furthermore, hedgehogs are usually found in Africa, Europe, and Asia.[5] On the other hand, gymnures are diurnals and do not have spines.[6] Instead, gymnures usually have stiff, bristly furs, and they produce a pungent smell when they feel threatened.[6] Unlike hedgehogs, gymnures are usually found in South-East Asia and other tropical countries.[5]


The pregnancy lasts around six to seven weeks.They are born blind and hairless. However, the hedgehogs can start growing spiny hairs within 36-hours after birth. Only the mothers raise their young ones.[7]


Hylomys megalotis is a type of gymnure. Compared to other Hylomys species, H. megalotis has rounder, more prominent, and larger ears. Its soles and tarsals are naked, and it has long and moderately stout claws. The skull of H. megalotis is elongated, flattened, and moderately slender.[5]

Among the sizes of Hylomys, H. megalotis is medium in size. However, they have longer tail. Its tail is about 75% of its head and body length. Instead of having flattened spinous hairs, it has grey, long, soft and fine furs. Unlike other Hylomys species, H. megalotis has stronger and tougher teeth.[5]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Hylomys megalotis is primarily found in Khammouan Province, Laos, specifically in Khammouan Limestone National Biodiversity Conservation Area in Thakheck district.[3] It can also be found in the surroundings of Ban Muang and Ban Doy.[3] It is typically found in areas where there are massive limestone karst that is covered in large boulders, with heavily degraded mixture of deciduous forest, scrub, and bamboos.[5]

Currently, there is no known threat to this species.[3]


  1. ^ F. Chiozza (2008). Hylomys megalotis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 30 April 2013. Listed as Data Deficient
  2. ^ Hutterer, R. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Hylomys megalotis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  4. ^ Bannikova, Anna A.; Lebedev, Vladimir S.; Abramov, Alexei V.; Rozhnov, Viatcheslav V. (January 3, 2014). "Contrasting Evolutionary History of Hedgehogs and Gymnures (Mammalia: Erinaceomorpha) as Inferred from a Multigene Study". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 112: 499–519. doi:10.1111/bij.12299. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Jenkins, Paulina D; Robinson, Mark F (2002). "Another variation on the gymnure theme: description of a new species of Hylomys (Lipotyphla, Erinaceidae, Galericinae)". Bulletin of the Natural History Museum Zoology Series. 68: 1–11. doi:10.1017/S0968047002000018. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Erinaceidae - gymnures, hedgehogs". Wildlife Journal Junior. New Hampshire Public Television. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Erinaceomorpha -- Prickly, Plump Pin-cushions". MammalsRUs. Mammalsrus.com. Retrieved 7 December 2014.