Long Bay, New Zealand

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Long Bay
Looking south over Long Bay.jpg
Coordinates: 36°41′06″S 174°44′28″E / 36.685°S 174.741°E / -36.685; 174.741Coordinates: 36°41′06″S 174°44′28″E / 36.685°S 174.741°E / -36.685; 174.741
CountryNew Zealand
CityAuckland
Local authorityAuckland Council
Electoral wardAlbany ward
Local boardHibiscus and Bays
Established1862[1]
Area
 • Land279 ha (689 acres)
Population
 (June 2021)[3]
 • Total2,690
Postcode(s)
0792
Okura Karepiro Bay Hauraki Gulf
Long Bay
Hauraki Gulf
Torbay Heights Torbay

Long Bay is one of the northernmost suburbs of the North Shore, part of the contiguous Auckland metropolitan area located in New Zealand.[4]

The coastline is occupied by the Long Bay Regional Park, and the shoreline is in Long Bay-Okura Marine Reserve, which opened in 1995.[5] The beach is sandy and swimming is safe. It offers forest walks and scenic cliffs.[6] This beach has low tide water.[7][8] Smaller beaches to the north, such as Pohutukawa Bay, accessible except at high tide, are among Auckland's most popular naturist spots;[9][10] Public nudity is technically legal on any New Zealand beach where it is "known to occur".[11]

The Vaughan Homestead is an historic house at the north end of the beach. It is open fortnightly to the public.[12]

History[edit]

Long Bay was traditionally known by the name Whakarewatoto by the Ngāti Manuhiri iwi of the North Shore.[13] A small Māori community of Ngāti Kahu lived at Long Bay, which they called Te Oneroa, until the 1850s. The Vaughan family bought 600 hectares and farmed sheep from 1862 until selling their land to the Auckland Regional Council in 1965 to form the park.[9] A gun emplacement was built on the coast north of the park in case to defend against invasion by Japanese forces during the Second World War. Remnants of the emplacement still exist.[12]

Areas of farmland above Long Bay Regional Park were protected from development by an Environment Court ruling in July 2008.[14][15] There has been significant development of housing as of 2014 under the Auckland Council's Unitary Plan.[16]

Recent Development[edit]

In 2003, Todd Property, an Auckland property developer, purchased 162 acres of land for Long Bay in 2003.[17] In 2014, residential and commercial development rapidly started to take off, due to the Auckland Council's Unitary Plan, and the goal was due to complete in 2022.[17] As of 2021, most of the project has been fully complete.

Demographics[edit]

Long Bay covers 2.79 km2 (1.08 sq mi)[2] and had an estimated population of 2,690 as of June 2021,[3] with a population density of 964 people per km2.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
2006147—    
2013183+3.18%
20181,365+49.46%
Source: [18]
Residential and commercial development underway in 2017

Long Bay had a population of 1,365 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,182 people (645.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 1,218 people (828.6%) since the 2006 census. There were 414 households, comprising 672 males and 693 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.97 males per female. The median age was 35.3 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 282 people (20.7%) aged under 15 years, 282 (20.7%) aged 15 to 29, 687 (50.3%) aged 30 to 64, and 111 (8.1%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 48.1% European/Pākehā, 2.2% Māori, 1.1% Pacific peoples, 49.5% Asian, and 3.3% other ethnicities. People may identify with more than one ethnicity.

The percentage of people born overseas was 64.6, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people chose not to answer the census's question about religious affiliation, 57.1% had no religion, 33.2% were Christian, 1.5% were Hindu, 0.7% were Muslim, 1.8% were Buddhist and 1.8% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 411 (38.0%) people had a bachelor's or higher degree, and 84 (7.8%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $38,700, compared with $31,800 nationally. 303 people (28.0%) earned over $70,000 compared to 17.2% nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 546 (50.4%) people were employed full-time, 186 (17.2%) were part-time, and 30 (2.8%) were unemployed.[18]

Education[edit]

Long Bay College is a secondary (years 9 - 13) school with a roll of 1484 students.[19] The college celebrated its 25th jubilee in 2000.[20] Long Bay School is a contributing primary (years 1 - 6) school with a roll of 472 students.[21][22] Both schools are coeducational. Rolls are as of March 2022.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Long Bay - About".
  2. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 10 June 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  4. ^ Gregory's Auckland & Surrounds Street Directory (3rd ed.). 2008. p. map 39. ISBN 978-0-7319-2048-8.
  5. ^ "Long Bay-Okura Marine Reserve". www.doc.govt.nz. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  6. ^ Long Bay Beach at travelaol.com
  7. ^ Photo of low tide water
  8. ^ Long Bay beach at trampingtracks.co.nz
  9. ^ a b Ewen Cameron, Bruce Hayward and Graeme Murdoch (1997). A Field Guide to Auckland: Exploring the Region's Natural and Historic Heritage. p. 132. ISBN 1-86962-014-3.
  10. ^ Coates, Joe (28 January 2018). "The Best Nudist Beaches in New Zealand". Culture Trip. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  11. ^ Ceramalus v Police, AP No 76/91 (High Court of New Zealand 5 July 1991).
  12. ^ a b "Long Bay". Auckland Regional Council. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2009.
  13. ^ Ngāti Manuhiri; The Crown (21 May 2011). "Deed of Settlement of Historical Claims" (PDF). New Zealand Government. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  14. ^ Thompson, Wayne (21 July 2008). "Court ruling delights Long Bay park group". The New Zealand Herald.
  15. ^ "Outcome From the Environment Court". Long Bay Okura Great Park Society. November 2008 newsletter. Retrieved 22 January 2009.
  16. ^ Gibson, Anne (2 August 2014). "Long Bay development starts to rise". The New Zealand Herald.
  17. ^ a b "Long Bay Urban Development – Woods". Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  18. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Long Bay (116500). 2018 Census place summary: Long Bay
  19. ^ Education Counts: Long Bay College
  20. ^ "Jubilees & reunions - Long Bay College". Education Gazette New Zealand. 78 (5). 29 March 1999.
  21. ^ "New Zealand Schools Directory". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 23 April 2022.
  22. ^ Education Counts: Long Bay School

External links[edit]