Long Beach, Mississippi

Coordinates: 30°21′9″N 89°9′35″W / 30.35250°N 89.15972°W / 30.35250; -89.15972
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Long Beach, Mississippi
Flag of Long Beach, Mississippi
Official logo of Long Beach, Mississippi
Nickname: 
The Friendly City[1]
Location of Long Beach in Mississippi
Location of Long Beach in Mississippi
Long Beach, Mississippi is located in the United States
Long Beach, Mississippi
Long Beach, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 30°21′9″N 89°9′35″W / 30.35250°N 89.15972°W / 30.35250; -89.15972
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyHarrison
Founded
Incorporated

August 10, 1905
Government
 • MayorGeorge Bass
Area
 • Total13.99 sq mi (36.23 km2)
 • Land10.24 sq mi (26.53 km2)
 • Water3.75 sq mi (9.70 km2)
Elevation
26 ft (8 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total16,780
 • Density1,638.19/sq mi (632.53/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39560
Area code228
FIPS code28-41680
GNIS feature ID0672794
WebsiteCity of Long Beach official website

Long Beach is a city located in Harrison County, Mississippi, United States. It is part of the Gulfport-Biloxi metropolitan area. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 15,829.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.4 square miles (26.9 km2), of which 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 3.74% is covered by water.[4]

Long Beach (map center) is east of Pass Christian and west of Gulfport, along the Gulf of Mexico

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19101,026
1920980−4.5%
19301,34637.3%
19401,49511.1%
19502,70380.8%
19604,77076.5%
19706,17029.4%
198014,199130.1%
199015,80411.3%
200017,3209.6%
201014,792−14.6%
202016,78013.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
Long Beach racial composition as of 2020[6]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 12,860 76.64%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,528 9.11%
Native American 52 0.31%
Asian 476 2.84%
Pacific Islander 10 0.06%
Other/mixed 1,005 5.99%
Hispanic or Latino 849 5.06%

As of the 2020 United States census, 16,780 people, 6,545 households, and 4,243 families were residing in the city.

Education[edit]

The city of Long Beach is served by the Long Beach School District, which operates five campuses and has an enrollment around 2,700 students. These campuses are Long Beach High School, Long Beach Middle School, Reeves Elementary School, Quarles Elementary School, and Harper McCaughan Elementary School, rebuilt in a new location after the previous school was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina.

The University of Southern Mississippi's Gulf Coast campus is located in Long Beach on East Beach Boulevard. The Friendship Oak tree is located on the front lawn of the Southern Miss Gulf Park campus.

History[edit]

The early 1900s[edit]

Long Beach began as an agricultural town, based around its radish industry, but on August 10, 1905, Long Beach incorporated and became another city on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. As the years went on, the city moved from its agricultural heritage and moved toward tourism with the beach becoming increasingly popular.

"The Radish Capital of the World"[edit]

Long Beach's early economy was based largely upon radishes. Logging initially drove the local economy, but when the area's virgin yellow pine forests became depleted, row crops were planted on the newly cleared land.[7]

A productive truck farming town in the early 20th century, citizens of Long Beach proclaimed the city to be the "Radish Capital of the World". The city was especially known for its cultivation of the Long Red radish variety, a favorite beer hall staple in the northern US at the time. In 1921, a bumper crop resulted in the shipment of over 300 trainloads of Long Beach's Long Red radishes to northern states.[8][9]

Eventually, the Long Red radishes for which Long Beach was known fell into disfavor, and the rise of the common button radish caused a dramatic decline in the cultivation of this crop in the area.[7]

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

The impact of Hurricane Katrina on the Long Beach shoreline

Hurricane Katrina struck the city on August 29, 2005, destroying almost all buildings within 500 m (1,600 ft) of the Gulf of Mexico shoreline.[failed verification] Many Long Beach residents were left homeless or living in water- and or wind-damaged houses. At least one person was confirmed dead.[10]

The city of Long Beach, California, held a fund raiser to help its eponymous relative.[11] The city of Peoria, Arizona, adopted Long Beach and provided both public and private resources. This resulted in a close relationship between the two communities.[citation needed]

Today[edit]

Today, the city is still recovering from Hurricane Katrina. Residents are returning as beaches and condominiums in the area are being repaired, but the city has not seen a return of business to pre-Katrina levels due in part to building codes on the beach established by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and Mississippi Emergency Management Agency and to the economic downturn.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mayor George L. Bass". City of Long Beach, MIssissippi.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  3. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Long Beach city, Mississippi". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Long Beach city, Mississippi". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 16, 2021.
  7. ^ a b Long Beach is a friendly city Archived 2008-03-28 at the Wayback Machine The Sun-Herald. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
  8. ^ Mary Ellen Alexander. Rosalie and Radishes: A history of Long Beach, Mississippi. Hagerstown Bookbinding & Printing Co, 2001 edition
  9. ^ Mississippi History Newsletter Archived 2007-08-07 at the Wayback Machine Volume 44 No. 5. May 2002. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
  10. ^ "Katrina's Surge, Part 11". The Weather Channel, LLC. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  11. ^ "Long Beach CARES: Long Beach, CA Helping Long Beach, MS". City of Long Beach, CA. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "Richard Bennett's Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  13. ^ United States. Congress. Memorial Addresses and Services (1973). Memorial Services...: In Eulogy of Hale Boggs, Late a Representative from Louisiana. 1973. p. 25.
  14. ^ "Rear Admiral in South Mississippi to celebrate Naval history". WLOX. March 19, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  15. ^ "Myles Brennan". The Advocate. August 7, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  16. ^ Stephenson, Creg (January 2, 2019). "Long Beach's Nick James also enrolled at Mississippi State". Gulf Live. Retrieved March 14, 2021.

External links[edit]