Long Eaton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Long Eaton
HSBC, Market Place, Long Eaton, Derbyshire.jpg
Market Place, Long Eaton
Long Eaton is located in Derbyshire
Long Eaton
Long Eaton
Location within Derbyshire
Population37,760 (2011)
OS grid referenceSK 49033 33679
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNOTTINGHAM
Postcode districtNG10
Dialling code0115
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
52°53′53″N 1°16′16″W / 52.898°N 1.271°W / 52.898; -1.271Coordinates: 52°53′53″N 1°16′16″W / 52.898°N 1.271°W / 52.898; -1.271

Long Eaton is a town in the Erewash district of Derbyshire, England, just north of the River Trent, about 7 miles (11 km) south-west of Nottingham and some 8½ miles (13.7 km) south-east of Derby. The town population was 37,760 at the 2011 census.[1] It has been part of Erewash borough since 1 April 1974, when Long Eaton Urban District was disbanded.

Geography[edit]

Long Eaton lies in Derbyshire, across the border of Nottinghamshire and close to Leicestershire. It is covered by the Nottingham post town and has a Nottingham telephone area code (0115).[2]

History[edit]

Long Eaton is referred to as Aitone, in the Domesday Book. Several origins have been suggested, for example "farm between streams" and "low-lying land". It was a farming settlement that grew up close to the lowest bridging point of the River Erewash.

The "Great Fire" of Long Eaton in 1694 destroyed 14 houses and several other buildings in the market place.[3]

The village remained a stable size until the construction of the Midland Counties Railway in 1839 and the Erewash Valley Line in 1844, which brought links that encouraged growth. Two industries came to employ many people in the growing town: lace-making and railway wagon manufacturing. A large railway yard at Toton Sidings grew up just north of the town.

By 1900 the town population exceeded 10,000, after construction of housing, offices and factories through the Victorian period. In 1921 its extent was broadened to include Wilsthorpe and parts of Sandiacre and Sawley.

Notable architecture[edit]

Long Eaton Town Hall (built c.1778)

One notable building is the Palladian Long Eaton Town Hall. Originally a private house, it is now owned by the borough council and forms part of the expanded offices of Erewash Borough Council, which opened in 1991.[4]

The Parish Church of St Laurence stands to the east of the Market Place. Local tradition dates parts of it to the 11th century, possibly built under Viking King Cnut. However, some place the oldest parts of the church after the Norman Conquest, possibly in the 12th century. It was originally a daughter church of All Saints, Sawley, but gained separate status in the 19th century.

Harrington Mill

There are several fine examples of industrial architecture in Long Eaton. Most have to do with its development as a lace-making centre. By 1907, the town housed almost 1,400 lace machines and the industry employed over 4,000 people (a quarter of the population). One of the largest lace-making mills, Harrington Mill, was built in 1885. It took one and a quarter million bricks to build the 167-metre long factory and it has 224 cast-iron windows down one side.[5] Harrington Mill is a traditional, four-storey, red lace mill, built by a consortium of manufacturers. The turrets on the sides house the original staircases.[6]

The floors above the shops in High Street and the Market Place show that large parts of the centre were built in Victorian or early 20th-century times. The New Central Building is an example of late Victorian architecture. The High Street and Market Place were pedestrianised in the 1990s. The work to enhance the layout and paving of the town centre was completed in 2010.

New Central Building, Station Street

Transport[edit]

The main road through the town forms part of the A6005.[7] Junction 25 of the M1 motorway is on its north-western border. The area round the town-centre traffic island is locally called The Green.

Long Eaton railway station is on the Midland Main Line from London, St Pancras. The broad Erewash Canal passes through the town.

There are bus services every few minutes to the nearby cities of Nottingham and Derby. Other local destinations include the East Midlands Airport (8½ miles, 13.7 km).

Schools[edit]

Long Eaton has two state secondary schools, The Long Eaton School and Wilsthorpe School, and several primary schools, including Brooklands, St Lawrence, Dovedale, Sawley, Harrington, English Martyrs, Longmoor and Grange. It also contains the public school Trent College (founded 1868), the private Elms School for ages 3–11, and two special needs schools: Stanton Vale and Brackenfield SEND School.

Long Eaton School was split into two sites: Lower for years 7, 8 and 9, and Upper for years 10, 11 and sixth form. The Lower School building, opened in 1965, was demolished in 2006, when new school premises were built next door on the same grounds. Upper and Lower are now in one building again (with sixth Form being slightly apart), which was opened by Gordon Brown as Chancellor of the Exchequer.[8] It has become an eco school with an eco club, and recently joined the Archway Trust. There is a research-grade telescope built on school grounds.,[9] where stargazing sessions have been open to the public in the past.[10] It previously had partnership and student exchange relations with Spanish, French, Italian and Chinese schools.

In 2005 Wilsthorpe School gained specialist status in business and enterprise. In 2018, the school was rebuilt.[11] Both Wilsthorpe and Long Eaton schools have an OFSTED rating of "good".

Brass band[edit]

Long Eaton Silver Prize brass band is one of only two still functioning in Erewash. It was formed in 1906 after severing from a local temperance society. At its height, it reached the Brass Band Second Section. The original club building in Sailsbury Street closed in early 2015, but the band itself plays on.

In 2006, its centenary year, the band won the Midland Area Regional Championships, its first contest win since 1966. This secured promotion back to the Second Section and an invitation to the National Championships of Great Britain. The band also won this contest, in what were its best contest results since 1927.

Sport[edit]

Long Eaton United F.C. plays in the Midland Football League, as founder members in 2014. The club was formed in 1956 but records show football prominent in the town for many years before. The Football Club has many junior sides and gained FA Charter Standard Community Club status in 2013. It also has a ladies' team competing in the East Midlands Womens Football League.

Long Eaton RFC is a Rugby Union club, established in 1969.[12]

Long Eaton Swimming Club, one of Derbyshire's largest, arose in 2007, when the Trident and Treonte swimming clubs merged. It covers all levels, from learners to competitive senior and master swimmers. Its home pool is at West Park Leisure Centre.[13]

Long Eaton Cricket Club, established in 1972, currently has three senior teams competing in the South Nottinghamshire Cricket League,[14] two Sunday league teams in the Newark Club Cricket Alliance league[15] and a junior training section that plays competitive cricket in the Erewash Young Cricketers League.[16]

Sawley Cricket Club moved onto West Park from nearby Sawley park in 1977.[17] It has four senior teams competing in the Derbyshire County Cricket League and a junior training section that plays competitively in the Erewash Young Cricketers League.[16]

Long Eaton Park Croquet Club (LEPCC) was founded in 1980 and is located behind the West Park Leisure Centre.[18] The club is a full member of the Croquet Association[19] and is an active member of the Federation of East Midlands Croquet Clubs (FEMCC).[20]

Long Eaton Speedway raced at the Long Eaton Stadium in Station Road. The first meet was held on 18 May 1929.[21][22] The Long Eaton Invaders became National Speedway Champions in 1984. However, the speedway stadium closed in 1997 and its site is held by an estate of houses and flats and by a playing field for Grange Primary School.

Long Eaton Rangers F.C. was founded in 1889 but left the Midland League in 1899.[23]

Recreation[edit]

The main park is West Park which has a café and neighbours West Park Leisure Centre. Long Eaton holds an annual "Chestnut Fair" in November.

In a tradition which started in 1931,[24] the town hosts an annual Carnival each year – currently on the third Saturday in June. The event commences with a parade of floats, decorated vehicles and walkers in fancy dress, which circulates round the town. It continues in the afternoon and evening with a range of entertainment, stalls and a funfair on the Carnival showground on West Park.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 27 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Nottingham". Contact numbers. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  3. ^ "The Long Eaton & Sawley Archive". Long-eaton.com.
  4. ^ "Long Eaton". The Long Eaton & Sawley Archive. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  5. ^ Bussey, Linda (1993). Photographers Britain - Derbyshire. Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7509-0157-8.
  6. ^ "Spirit of Enterprise Lives on at Mill". This is Derbyshire. 21 October 2008. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012.
  7. ^ http://www.sabre-roads.org.uk/wiki/index.php?title=A6005.[dead link]
  8. ^ "Brown officially opens PFI school". 10 November 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  9. ^ "New observatory to inspire pupils". BBC News. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Forthcoming Events". The Malcolm Parry Observatory. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  11. ^ "New Build | Wilsthorpe Community School". Wilsthorpe School. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  12. ^ "LERFC - History, Past and Present". Long Eaton Rugby Football Club. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Long Eaton Swimming Club". guest. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  14. ^ "South Nottinghamshire Cricket League". gmsouthnottsleague.play-cricket.com. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  15. ^ "Newark Club Cricket Alliance". newarkalliance.play-cricket.com. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  16. ^ a b "Erewash Young Cricketers League". eycl.play-cricket.com. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  17. ^ The History of Cricket in Long Eaton, Sandiacre & Sawley, 1994, Keith Breakwell. ISBN 978-0-9521-4371-0
  18. ^ "About Long Eaton Park Croquet Club". Long Eaton Park Croquet Club. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  19. ^ "The Croquet Association". The Croquet Association. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  20. ^ "Welcome to the FEMCC". Federation of East Midlands Croquet Clubs. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  21. ^ Nottingham & Long Eaton Speedway. Philip Dalling. ISBN 978-0-7524-4163-4
  22. ^ "Speedway in Derbyshire". Bygonederbyshire.co.uk. 5 September 2012.
  23. ^ Football Club History Database. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  24. ^ "The Long Eaton & Sawley Archive".
  25. ^ Mark Draper at Sporting Heroes. Retrieved June 2007.
  26. ^ Georgia Groome at the Internet Movie Database.
  27. ^ "Death of Mr. E. T. Hooley". The Times. 13 February 1947. p. 2.
  28. ^ Obituary, The Independent, retrieved 1 August 2012.
  29. ^ Annuaire Mairie
  30. ^ Complete France.
  31. ^ Bremer, Jürgen (2010). "Long Eaton". Langen im Herzen Europas [Langen in the heart of Europe] (in German, English, French, Spanish, and Turkish). Langen (Hessen): Jürgen Bremer in collaboration with municipal authority of Langen and Langener Stadtinitiative for history and culture. pp. 220–221. ISBN 978-3-00-033328-6.

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]