Market Place, Long Eaton
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Long Eaton is a town in the Erewash district of Derbyshire, England. It lies just north of the River Trent about 7 miles (11 km) southwest of Nottingham and around 8.5 miles (13.7 km) southeast of Derby. The population of the town was 37,760 at the 2011 census. Since 1 April 1974, Long Eaton has been part of Erewash borough after the dissolution of the Long Eaton Urban District Council.
Long Eaton is referred to as Aitone, in the Domesday Book. Several meanings are associated with this name, for example "farm between streams" or "low lying land". This agricultural settlement grew up close to the lowest bridging point of the River Erewash.
In 1228 the village gained the "long" prefix due to its length. The cottages and farms straggled along the Market Place, High Street and Main Street.
The "Great Fire of Long Eaton" ripped through 14 houses and several other building in the market place destroying them in 1694.
The village remained a constant size until the coming of the railways in the nineteenth century. The Midland Counties Railway in 1839 and the Erewash Valley Line in 1844 provided transport links which encouraged growth. Two industries came to employ many people in the growing town, lace-making and railway wagon manufacturing. A large railway yard at Toton Sidings grew just north of the town.
By 1900 the town had grown to have a population of over 10,000. It had expanded with the construction of many new houses, business premises and factories throughout the Victorian period. In 1921 Long Eaton's boundaries were extended bringing Wilsthorpe and parts of both Sandiacre and Sawley into the town.
A notable building in the town is the Palladian Long Eaton Hall. This was originally a private residence, but is now occupied by the borough council, and is attached to the Long Eaton Town Hall complex, which opened in 1991.
The Parish Church of St. Laurence stands to the east of the Market Place. Local tradition dates parts of the church to the 11th century, possibly built under Viking King of Denmark Cnut. Whilst some attribute the oldest parts of the church as having been erected after the Norman Conquest, possibly into the 12th century. It was originally a daughter church of All Saints, Sawley, but gained its independence in the 19th century.
There are several fine examples of industrial architecture in Long Eaton. Most are connected with the town's development as a lace-making centre. By 1907, the town housed almost 1,400 lace machines and the industry employed over 4,000 people (a quarter of the population). One of the largest lace-making mills, Harrington Mill, was built in 1885. It took one and a quarter million bricks to build the 167-metre long factory and it has 224 cast-iron windows down one side. Harrington Mill is a traditional, four-storey, red lace mill, built by a consortium of lace manufacturers. The turrets on the sides of the building house the original staircases.
Above the shops on High Street and the Market Place show large parts of the centre made of Victorian and early twentieth century architecture. The New Century Buildings are a good example of late Victorian architecture.
In general Long Eaton's main shopping streets have retained more character than those of most towns of its size.
The High Street and Market Place were pedestrianised during the 1990s and in 2010 work to enhance and improve the layout and paving of Long Eaton town centre was completed.
It is a common misconception that Long Eaton is part of Nottinghamshire. The reason for the NG prefix in the postal code is that all mail for Long Eaton first goes to Royal Mail's Nottingham sorting office in Beeston (hence the 'NG'), and then to Long Eaton's delivery office on Tamworth Road.
The Local Government Commission for England (1958 - 1967) recommended that Long Eaton become part of an enlarged Nottingham City Council. This was not the only time Long Eaton's status in Derbyshire was threatened as the original draft of the Local Government Act 1972 had considered moving Long Eaton into Nottinghamshire. The Redcliffe-Maud Report proposals of 1969 also recommended the town be moved into Nottinghamshire but the incoming Conservative administration rejected the proposal. This issue has rumbled on over many years.
Long Eaton has two state secondary schools, The Long Eaton School and Wilsthorpe Community School as well as several primary schools. It is also home to the public school Trent College, with the Elms School for children from 3-11.
The Long Eaton School was split into two separate sites. One known as 'Lower' for years 7, 8 and 9, and one known as 'Upper' for years 10, 11 and sixth form. The lower school (opened in 1965) was demolished in 2006, after a new school was built next door on the same grounds. Both upper and lower sections of the school are now in one building. Previously, the sections were separated by the Erewash Canal. In 2005 Wilsthorpe School gained specialist status in business and enterprise. The Long Eaton School has also gained specialist status in science and has received the permanent eco-flag. The Long Eaton School was recently rebuilt, and was opened by Gordon Brown when he was Chancellor of the Exchequer. The Long Eaton School is partnered with many international schools and has frequent visits from international students. The school has also recently gained academy status and thus has had a research grade telescope built on school grounds. There are stargazing sessions regularly held at the school which are open to the public and aim to increase interest in this subject in the local community.
Long Eaton also has a successful brass band, the Long Eaton Silver Prize Band, which is one of only two brass bands still functioning in Erewash. The band was formed in 1906 as a result of severance from the local temperance society. At the height of its success, it reached the Brass Band Second Section. The original Silver Prize Band club on Sailsbury Street in Long Eaton has since closed down early 2015 - however the band itself continues to operate.
In 2006, the band's centenary year, the band won the Midland Area Regional Championships, the band's first contest win since 1966. This secured them promotion back to the Second Section, and an invitation to the National Championships of Great Britain. The band also won this contest, providing their best contest result since 1927.
Long Eaton Speedway raced at the Long Eaton Stadium on Station Road, the first meeting was held on 18 May 1929. The Long Eaton Invaders became National Speedway Champions in 1984. However, the speedway stadium closed in 1997. The former area of the speedway stadium has now been recreated into a whole new estate of houses and flats to let and buy, and a partial playing field for Grange Primary School.
Long Eaton United F.C. play in the Midland Football League as founder members in 2014. The club were formed in 1956 but records show that a team has been part of the town for many years including Long Eaton Town FC. The Football Club has many junior sides and gained FA Charter Standard Community Club status in 2013. They also have a ladies' team who compete in the East Midlands Womens Football League
- Albert Ball VC - attended Trent College in Long Eaton, 1911 - 1913
- Garry Birtles - footballer, signed for Nottingham Forest from Long Eaton United and won two European Cups with the club
- Mark Draper - footballer
- Georgia Groome - actress
- Paula Christine Hammond MBE JP
- Ernest Terah Hooley (1859-1947) - business financier, four-times bankrupt, died in reduced circumstances at Long Eaton.
- Douglas Houghton, Baron Houghton of Sowerby - Labour politician, last cabinet member to have been born in the nineteenth century and last cabinet member to have served in the First World War
- Saira Khan - TV presenter
- Laura Knight, DBE - impressionist painter (born 1877)
- Eric Malpass - writer
- Lewis McGugan - footballer
- Dougie Squires, OBE - choreographer
- John Walters - broadcaster
- Dan Wheeldon - cricketer
- "Town population 2011". Retrieved 27 March 2016.
- "The Long Eaton & Sawley Archive". Long-eaton.com.
- Bremer, Jürgen (2010). "Long Eaton". Langen im Herzen Europas [Langen in the heart of Europe] (in German, English, French, Spanish, and Turkish). Langen (Hessen): Jürgen Bremer in collaboration with municipal authority of Langen and Langener Stadtinitiative for history and culture. pp. 220–221. ISBN 978-3-00-033328-6.
- Bussey, Linda (1993). Photographers Britain - Derbyshire. Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7509-0157-8.
- "Spirit Of Enterprise Lives On At Mill". This is Derbyshire. 21 October 2008. Archived from the original on 14 September 2012.
- Nottingham & Long Eaton Speedway. Philip Dalling. ISBN 978-0-7524-4163-4
- "Speedway in Derbyshire". Bygonederbyshire.co.uk. 5 September 2012.
- Mark Draper at Sporting Heroes. Retrieved June 2007.
- Georgia Groome Internet Movie Database entry
- "Death of Mr. E.T. Hooley". The Times. 13 February 1947. p. 2.
- Obituary, The Independent, accessed 1 August 2012
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