Long hot summer of 1967

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This article is about the race riots in the United States. For other uses of "long hot summer", see Long Hot Summer (disambiguation). For other uses of "summer of 1967", see Summer of 1967 (disambiguation). For the concurrent social phenomenon, see Summer of Love.
Long hot summer of 1967
Date Summer of 1967
Location United States
Result Kerner Commission established

Long hot summer refers to the summer of 1967, during which 159 race riots erupted across the United States.[1][2][3]

In June there were riots in Atlanta, Boston, and Cincinnati, as well as the Buffalo riot (in Buffalo, New York), and a riot in Tampa, Florida.

In July there were riots in Birmingham, Chicago, New York, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, New Britain, Conn., Rochester, N.Y., and a riot in Plainfield, New Jersey. The most serious riots of the summer took place in July, with the riot in Newark, New Jersey and the Twelfth Street riot, in Detroit, Michigan.

As a result of the rioting in the Summer of 1967, and the preceding two years, President Johnson established the Kerner Commission to investigate the rioting.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Friedland, Michael B. (1998). Lift Up Your Voice Like a Trumpet: White Clergy and the Civil Rights and Antiwar Movements, 1954–1973. Univ of North Carolina Press. p. 189. ISBN 9780807846469. 
  2. ^ McLaughlin, Malcolm (2014). The Long, Hot Summer of 1967: Urban Rebellion in America. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 1. ISBN 9781137269638. 
  3. ^ Mark Bould and Sherryl Vint (2011). The Routledge Concise History of Science Fiction. Routledge. p. 105. ISBN 9781136820410. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Michael Omi and Howard Winant, Racial formation in the United States: from the 1960s to the 1990s (1994)
  • Walter C. Rucker and James N. Upton, eds. Encyclopedia of American Race Riots (2007) 930 pages -