Long Island Rail Road rolling stock
The Long Island Rail Road owns an electric fleet of 836 M7 and 170 M3 electric multiple unit cars, and 134 C3 bilevel rail cars powered by 24 DE30AC diesel-electric locomotives and 21 DM30AC dual-mode locomotives.
Current and future stock
In 1997 and 1998, the LIRR received 134 double-decker C3 passenger cars from Kawasaki, including 23 cab control cars, and 46 General Motors Electro-Motive Division diesel-electric locomotives (23 diesel DE30ACs and 23 dual-mode DM30ACs) to pull them, allowing trains from non-electric territory to access Penn Station for the first time in many years, due to the prohibition on diesel operation in the East River Tunnels leading to Penn Station. They were also the first trains with computerized voices (complete with LED sign displays) announcing stations along the routes. However, over the years of service the automated announcements and LED displays usually do not work, consequently enabling the conductors to announce the stations, as complaints from many riders.
Starting in 1999, the LIRR bought 836 new electric M7 electric multiple units from Bombardier, replacing its M1 cars. These cars have an automatic station announcement and LED sign display system. Delivery started in the early 2000s, with the first ones beginning revenue service in October 2002.
On September 19, 2013, it was announced that the LIRR would procure new M9/M9A cars from Kawasaki. This procurement includes a firm initial order of 92 cars. Given sufficient funding, another 324 cars will be ordered. The cars will replace the M3s and expand the fleet in preparation for service into Grand Central Terminal via the East Side Access. The cars will be assembled at Kawasaki's plant in Yonkers.
When the LIRR began operations in 1836, it leased the newly opened Brooklyn and Jamaica Railroad, including its two duplicate steam locomotives, Ariel and Post Boy, both built by Matthias W. Baldwin. (Ariel was Baldwin's 19th engine, built in 1835.) The LIRR soon acquired, through the B&J, Hicksville in 1836 and John A. King (the only engine built by the Poughkeepsie Locomotive Company) in 1838. Post Boy was sold off after an 1852 accident.
Both the "Hicksville" and the "John A. King", were likely acquired second hand by the B & J in 1836 and 1838 respectively.
The "Hicksville" was acquired by the B & J in 1836 from a canal building concern "Proprietors Of Locks And Canals", based in Lowell, Massachusetts. This company is still in existence. According to Robert Stephenson Company records, in the year 1831, the firm of "Locks And Canals" purchased two locomotives new from the Robert Stephenson Company (order # 8 and 17) in England. It is likely the B & J purchased one of those two engines, second hand, from Locks And Canals in 1836, and renamed it the "Hicksville" (after Valentine Hicks, second President of the LIRR, and founder of Hicksville, NY). It is also likely, that at some point prior to its re- sale to the B & J, the engine in question was modified to Stephenson's famous 2-2-2 wheel arrangement.
According to "The History Of Brooklyn", by Hazelton, ca. 1920's, the LIRR acquired a second hand locomotive originally named the "Taglioni" from "the Dutchess County (NY) Railway, of British origin, with a large funnel smokestack". This is likely to be the "John A. King". The "Poughkeepsie Locomotive Works" may have only performed a wheel arrangement modification on a pre existing British built locomotive. It should be noted, that Poughkeepsie is also located in Dutchess County New York, hence the possible entity name confusion in the Hazelton book.
In the early 20th century, the LIRR was a testing ground for the Pennsylvania Railroad's electrification, including Phoebe, its first electric (AA1), and was the first company to extensively electrify its primary lines. The DD1 electric locomotives were developed from the prototypes that were tested on LIRR trackage. Later it saw power such as the B3.
Electric storage battery cars were used on the West Hempstead Branch (Valley Stream to Mineola) from 1913 until it was electrified in 1926, and on the Bushwick Branch prior to the end of its passenger operations in 1924. The Central Branch from Garden City east to Mitchel Field was electrified with third rail in 1915, but used ex-Ocean Electric Railway trolley cars until 1933. Normal electric trains, such as the MP41 were then used until 1950, when they were replaced by MP54's until the line's abandonment in 1953.
One of the most popular decisions by Governor Rockefeller after the 1966 takeover was replacing the entire electric passenger fleet with M1 cars. It acquired 770 M1 cars built by Budd and General Electric from 1968 to 1974, and 174 M3 cars, built in 1985 and 1986, also by the Budd Company.
Diesel-hauled trains through the late 1990s were operated using 1950s-era P72/PT75 series coaches built by Pullman-Standard. About 28 EMD GP38-2 and 23 MP15AC diesel-electric locomotives pulled about 223 passenger cars, mostly former electric multiple units.
- Consultant's assessment of the LIRR, Page 21
- Railway Age, For Long Island Rail Road, a new diesel fleet, April 1995
- Railway Age, Long Island Rail Road - In Transit - repair contract, August 2002
- Nick Anastasi, Railway Age, Long Island Rail Road to buy 678 new rail cars, May 17, 2002
- Business Wire, Bombardier Receives Orders Valued at $425 Million US from Metro-North Railroad and Long Island Rail Road for Additional M-7 Electric Multiple Units, July 22, 2005
- MTA Press Release, September 19, 2013
- Ron Ziel and George H. Foster, Steel Rails to the Sunrise, ©1965
- Long Island Rail Road Central Extension: Hempstead Crossing to Camps Black and Mills (Arrt's Arrchives)
- William D. Middleton, Railway Age, Old lines, new challenges - Northeastern U.S. commuter operations, April 1989
- William D. Middleton, Railway Gazette International, Long Island Rail Road builds for the future, August 1, 2004
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