Long March 6

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Long March 6
Maiden Flight of Long March 6 Rocket.jpg
Maiden flight of Long March 6 rocket
Function Small carrier rocket
Manufacturer SAST[1]
Country of origin China
Size
Height 29 m (95 ft)
Diameter 3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Mass 103,000 kg (227,000 lb)
Stages 3[2]
Capacity
Payload to 700 km (430 mi) SSO 1,080 kilograms (2,380 lb)
Associated rockets
Family Long March
Long March 6
Comparable Falcon 1
Launch history
Status Active
Launch sites LA-16, TSLC
Total launches 1
Successes 1
First flight 19 September 2015[3]
First stage
Diameter 3.35 m (11.0 ft)
Propellant mass 61,000 kg (134,000 lb) to 76,000 kg (168,000 lb)
Engines 1 YF-100
Thrust 1,188 kN (267,000 lbf)[4]
Specific impulse 300 sec (SL); 335 sec (Vac)[5]
Fuel RP-1/LOX
Second stage
Diameter 2.25 m (7.4 ft)
Propellant mass 15,000 kg (33,000 lb)
Engines 1 YF-115
Thrust 180 kN (40,000 lbf)[4]
Specific impulse 341.5 sec (Vac)[6]
Fuel RP-1/LOX
Third stage
Diameter 2.25 m (7.4 ft)
Engines 1
Thrust 6.5 kN (1,500 lbf)[4]
Specific impulse 306.9 sec[4]
Fuel UDMH / N2O4[4]

The Long March 6 (Chinese: 长征六号运载火箭) or Chang Zheng 6 as in pinyin, abbreviated LM-6 for export or CZ-6 within China, is a Chinese liquid-fuelled carrier rocket, which was developed by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation[7] and the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology. The rocket was developed in the 2000s, and made its maiden flight in 2015.[8] As one of the new generation rocket family, the Long March 6 was designed to be a light capacity, "high-speed response" rocket, complementing the heavy lift Long March 5 and the mid-heavy lift Long March 7 rocket families. It is capable of placing at least 1,000 kilograms (2,200 lb) of payload into a sun-synchronous orbit.[9][10] The first stage of the Long March 6 was derived from the booster rockets being developed for the Long March 5 rocket. It is powered by a YF-100 engine, which generates 1,340 kilonewtons or 300,000 pounds-force of thrust from burning kerosene and LOX as rocket fuel and oxidiser.[10]

A boosted variant, with a payload of 4 tons to sun-synchronous orbit, is under development.

List of Launches[edit]

Flight number Date (UTC) Launch site Payload Orbit Result
1 September 19, 2015
23:01
LA-16, TSLC ZDPS-2A
ZDPS-2B
NS-2
ZJ-1
ZJ-2
Tiantuo 3
NUDT-Phone-Sat
Xingchen 1
Xingchen 2
Xingchen 3
Xingchen 4
LilacSat 2
XY-2
DCBB
Xiwang-2A
Xiwang-2B
Xiwang-2C
Xiwang-2D
Xiwang-2E
Xiwang-2F
SSO Success[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China conducts debut launch of Long March 6". NASASpaceflight. Retrieved 2015-09-19. 
  2. ^ "突破运力"下限"的长征6号" [Advances in Light Capacity Long March 6] (in Chinese). Tencent Military Channel. 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2015-08-03. 
  3. ^ http://news.163.com/15/0920/08/B3UM5LN00001124J.html
  4. ^ a b c d e ZHANG Wei-dong, WANG Dong-bao (2016). "New Generation Cryogenic Quick Launching Launch Vehicle and Development". AEROSPACE SHANGHAI. 
  5. ^ "Chinese YF-100 (Russian RD-120) to Power CZ-5". SPACEPAC, The Space Public Affairs Committee. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  6. ^ "中国新一代液氧煤油发动机3:YF100/115主要特性 - 深空网". www.shenkong.net (in Chinese). Retrieved 2016-04-11. 
  7. ^ "Development of China's new "Changzheng 6" carrier rocket commences". People's Daily Online. 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  8. ^ a b "China conducts debut launch of Long March 6". 2015-09-19. Retrieved 2015-09-20. 
  9. ^ http://www.spaceflight101.com/long-march-6.html
  10. ^ a b "China conducts debut launch of Long March 6". nasaspaceflight.com.