Long Range Mountains

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Long Range Mountains
Mekapiisk (Mi'kmaq)[1]
Western Brook Pond.JPG
Western Brook Pond, a fjord in the Long Range Mountains.
(Gros Morne National Park, Newfoundland)
Highest point
PeakThe Cabox
Elevation814 m (2,671 ft)
ProvinceNewfoundland and Labrador
Range coordinates49°19.5′N 57°48.25′W / 49.3250°N 57.80417°W / 49.3250; -57.80417Coordinates: 49°19.5′N 57°48.25′W / 49.3250°N 57.80417°W / 49.3250; -57.80417
Parent rangeAppalachian Mountains
Table Mountain (518 m [1,699 ft]) along the Trans-Canada Highway
The Long Range Mountains in Gros Morne National Park

The Long Range Mountains are a series of mountains along the west coast of the Canadian island of Newfoundland. This massive landscape was requested by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth to be mapped in great detail. Chief of a mi’maq tribe, a local legend, Mattie Mitchell, who was known as the best tracker in Newfoundland. He was successful in his mission and the basis of that map is still used today. The long range mountains also form the northernmost section of the Appalachian chain on the eastern seaboard of North America. In 2003 it was announced that the International Appalachian Trail would be extended through the Long Range Mountains.

The Great Northern Peninsula of Western Newfoundland contains the Highlands, the largest external basement massif of the Grenville Orogeny in the Appalachian Orogen. This Precambrian basement is known as the Long Range Inlier, Long Range Complex or Basement Gneiss Complex, consisting of quartz-feldspar gneisses and granites that are up to 1,550 million years in age. The Long Range dikes are mafic in composition and have an age of about 605 million years.[2]

Running along the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the range includes the following sections:

Highest Peaks of the Long Range Mountains
Rank Name m ft
1 The Cabox 814 2671
2 Gros Morne 807 2644
3 Blue Mountain 800 2625
4 Big Level 795 2608
5 Round Hill 763 2653
6 Rocky Harbour Hill 756 2480
7 Mount Saint Gregory 686 2251
8 Gros Paté 673 2208
9 Big Hill 659 2162
10 Old Crow 649 2129

See also[edit]


  2. ^ Williams, Harold (1995). Geology of the Appalachian-Caledonian Orogen in Canada and Greenland, Geology of Canada, no. 6. Canada: Geological Survey of Canada. pp. 50–54, 63, 67–68, 637. ISBN 0-660-13134-X.