Long Service Medal, Gold

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Long Service Medal, Gold
Long Service Medal, Gold (Venda).jpg
Awarded by the President
CountryFlag of Venda.svg Venda
TypeMilitary long service medal
EligibilityAll Ranks
Awarded forThirty years exemplary service
StatusDiscontinued in 1994
Statistics
Established1985
VDF pre-1994 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
VDF precedence:
Next (lower)
SANDF succession:
Ribbon - Long Service Medal, Gold.png
Ribbon bar

The Long Service Medal, Gold was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1985, for award to all ranks for thirty years exemplary service.[1][2][3]

The Venda Defence Force[edit]

The 900 member Venda Defence Force (VDF) was established upon that country's independence on 13 September 1979. The Republic of Venda ceased to exist on 27 April 1994 and the Venda Defence Force was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF).[4][5][6]

Institution[edit]

The Long Service Medal, Gold was instituted by the President of Venda in 1985. It is the senior award of a set of three medals for long service, along with the Long Service Medal, Silver and the Long Service Medal, Bronze.[1][2][3][7]

Venda's military decorations and medals were modelled on those of the Republic of South Africa and these three medals are the approximate equivalents of, respectively, the Good Service Medal, Gold, the Good Service Medal, Silver and the Good Service Medal, Bronze.[1]

Award criteria[edit]

The medal could be awarded to all ranks for thirty years of exemplary service.[1]

Order of wear[edit]

Since the Long Service Medal, Gold was authorised for wear by one of the statutory forces which came to be part of the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, it was accorded a position in the official South African order of precedence on that date. The position of the Long Service Medal, Gold in the official order of precedence was revised twice after 1994, to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first in April 1996 when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and again upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003.[1]

Venda Defence Force until 26 April 1994

Independence Medal (Venda) Long Service Medal, Gold Long Service Medal, Silver

  • Official VDF order of precedence:
  • Venda official national order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the National Force Long Service Medal, 30 Years.
    • Succeeded by the Police Star for Merit.[1]
South African National Defence Force from 27 April 1994

Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct, Gold Long Service Medal, Gold John Chard Decoration (JCD)

South African National Defence Force from April 1996

Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct, Gold Long Service Medal, Gold Gold Service Medal

  • Official SANDF order of precedence:
  • Official national order of precedence:
    • Preceded by the Medal for Faithful Service in the Prisons Service, Gold of the Republic of Bophuthatswana.
    • Succeeded by the Police Star for Merit of the Republic of Venda.[1]

The position of the Long Service Medal, Gold remained unchanged, as it was in April 1996, when a new set of honours was instituted on 27 April 2003.[1]

Description[edit]

Miniature medal
Obverse

The Long Service Medal, Gold is silver-gilt medallion, 38 millimetres in diameter, depicting the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venda.[8][9]

The suspender is in the form of a pair of crossed elephant tusks and is different on the full size and miniature medals. On the full-size medal, depicted at the top, the ends of the tusks reach to approximately the ten-thirty and one-thirty clock positions on the medallion, while on the miniature medal, as depicted alongside, they reach to approximately the nine-thirty and two-thirty clock positions on the medallion.[10]

Reverse

The reverse is inscribed "MENDELE WA TSHUMELO YA TSHIFHINGA TSHILAPFU MIINWAHA YA FURARU", the number of years service.[3][9]

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide, with a 4 millimetres wide blue band and an 8 millimetres wide green band, repeated in reverse order and separated by an 8 millimetres wide yellow band.[3][8][9]

Discontinuation[edit]

Conferment of the Long Service Medal, Gold was discontinued when the Republic of Venda ceased to exist on 27 April 1994.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC 72827981
  2. ^ a b Republic of Venda Constitution Act, no. 9 of 1979
  3. ^ a b c d South African Medal Website - Venda Defence Force (Accessed 30 April 2015)
  4. ^ South Africa Homeland Militaries, May 1996 (Accessed 1 May 2015)
  5. ^ Peled, Alon (1998), A Question of Loyalty: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States, Cornell Studies in Security Affairs, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp. 50f, ISBN 0-8014-3239-1
  6. ^ a b Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  7. ^ a b Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Venda Defence Force (BDF)
  8. ^ a b c Venda Long Service Medal Gold Full size
  9. ^ Venda Defence Medal for Long Service Full size Minature [sic]