Long Tall Sally

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"Long Tall Sally"
Little Richard And His Band - Long Tall Sally.png
Single by Little Richard
from the album Here's Little Richard
B-side"Slippin' and Slidin'"
ReleasedMarch 1956 (1956-03)
RecordedFebruary 10, 1956
StudioJ&M, New Orleans, US
GenreRock and roll
Length2:10
LabelSpecialty
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)Robert Blackwell
Little Richard singles chronology
"Tutti Frutti"
(1955)
"Long Tall Sally"
(1956)
"Rip It Up"
(1956)

"Long Tall Sally", also known as "Long Tall Sally (The Thing)",[1][2] is a rock and roll song written by Robert "Bumps" Blackwell, Enotris Johnson, and Little Richard. Richard recorded it for Specialty Records, which released it as a single in March 1956, backed with "Slippin' and Slidin'".

The single reached number one on the Billboard rhythm and blues chart, staying at the top for six of 19 weeks,[3] while peaking at number six on the pop chart. It received the Cash Box Triple Crown Award in 1956. The song as sung by Little Richard is listed at number 55 on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.[4] It also ranked at number 45 on Billboard's year-end singles of 1956.[5]

It became one of the singer's best-known hits and has become a rock and roll standard covered by hundreds of artists,[6] including Elvis Presley, the Kinks and the Beatles.

History[edit]

"Tutti Frutti" was a big hit for Little Richard and Specialty in early 1956, reaching number two in the R&B charts. Pat Boone's cover version of the song reached number 12 in the pop charts. Although this meant an unexpected cash income for the Specialty publishing firm, A&R man and producer "Bumps" Blackwell and a proud Richard decided to write a song that was so up-tempo and the lyrics so fast that Boone would not be able to handle it. (Boone eventually did record his own version, however, which reached number 18.)[3]

According to Blackwell, he was introduced to a little girl by Honey Chile, a popular disc-jockey.[citation needed] The girl had written a song for Little Richard to record so she could pay the treatment for her ailing aunt Mary.[citation needed] The song, actually a few lines on a piece of paper, went like this:[citation needed]

Saw Uncle John with Long Tall Sally
They saw Aunt Mary comin'
So they ducked back in the alley

Not wishing to upset an influential disc-jockey, Blackwell accepted the offer and took the idea to Richard, who was reluctant at first. Nevertheless, the line "ducked back in the alley" was exactly what they were looking for, and Richard kept practicing until he could sing it as fast as possible. They worked on the song, adding verses and a chorus, until they got the hit they wanted.[7] The credit to Enotris Johnson, Richard's adoptive father, was added, probably as an act of benevolence. Featuring a tenor saxophone solo by Lee Allen (as did "Tutti Frutti"), "Long Tall Sally" was the best-selling 45 of the history of Specialty Records.

Recording[edit]

The recording session took place on February 10, 1956 at J&M Studio in New Orleans, owned by Cosimo Matassa on the corner of Rampart and Dumaine where Fats Domino and many other New Orleans luminaries recorded. "Long Tall Sally", as well as many other Little Richard sides, was also recorded there.

The music was a fast uptempo number with Little Richard's hammering, boogie piano. Richard plays staccato straight eighth notes while drummer Palmer plays a fast shuffle. The shuffle was the most common rhythm and blues beat; Richard added the straight eighth notes, much less common in that time, although now standard for rock music. Together this created an ambiguity in the ride rhythm—known to musicians as "playing in the crack" that came to characterize New Orleans (and also Chuck Berry) rock and roll. In typical Little Richard style, he sang in the key of F, in a raw, aggressive, exhilarating style with lyrics being about self-centered fun.[6]

Well, Long Tall Sally
She's built for speed
She's got everything that Uncle John needs

Personnel[edit]

The Kinks version[edit]

"Long Tall Sally"
The-kinks-long-tall-sally-pye-6.jpg
Swedish single sleeve
Single by the Kinks
B-side"I Took My Baby Home"
ReleasedFebruary 7, 1964
RecordedJanuary 20, 1964
StudioPye, London
GenreRock and roll
Label
Songwriter(s)
  • Enotris Johnson
Producer(s)Shel Talmy
The Kinks UK singles chronology
"Long Tall Sally"
(1964)
"You Still Want Me"
(1964)
The Kinks US singles chronology
"Long Tall Sally"
(1964)
"You Really Got Me"
(1964)

Background[edit]

The Kinks started performing in early 1963 under various names, including the Ravens which would be what they would be called for most of that year.[8][9] Their members at the time consisted of Ray Davies, Dave Davies, Pete Quaife and Mickey Willet.[10] Looking to branch out, the Kinks sought out a manager, and after a few unsuccessful meetings, they met Larry Page, who promised the group a certain degree of fame.[11] Page introduced the Ravens to American record producer Shel Talmy along with the Beatles' promoter, Arthur Howes, who was their tour manager.[11] Talmy managed to secure the group a recording contract with Pye Records, who he previously had been collaborating with.[12] Shortly before signing, Willet left the group, upon which they hired drummer Mick Avory who had placed an ad in Melody Maker.[13]

Towards the end of 1963, the Ravens also decided to change their name, becoming the Kinks instead.[14] Unsure of what material they should record as their debut single, Howes suggested to Page that they should record "Long Tall Sally".[15] Howes had heard the Beatles perform the track in Paris on January 16 and noted the audience reaction, which was frantic and in a frenzy.[15] However, as the Beatles only performed the track live (and would not record it in the studio for another three months), Howes and Page both noted the commercial opportunity of putting the song on record before the Beatles had time to do so.[15][16] Page quickly instructed the band to learn the track and only four days later,[16] the group together with Talmy entered Pye Studios for the first time.[15] They recorded five songs that session; "Long Tall Sally", "I Took My Baby Home", "You Still Want Me", "You Do Something To Me" and "I Don't Need You Anymore.[17] Talmy was not too keen on Avory drumming, as he was new in the group, instead opting for session musician Bobby Graham.[17]

Release and reception[edit]

The Kinks' version was a modernized arrangement of the song, omitting the frantic piano found in the original, along with moving away from R&B towards a contemporary rock sound.[18] The rhythm of the Kinks rendition also changes, instead being more similar to Little Richard's later hit "Lucille".[16] Unlike other versions, it features a "wailing harmonica solo" played by Ray.[19] Rob Jovanovic writes that their arrangement is similar to the Beatles version, right down to a couple of phrasings in some verses.[17] However, Thomas Kitts states that the merseybeat rendition "zapped energy" from the record and that the Kinks "lacked the necessary fire or punch to conquer both Little Richard and Paul McCartney".[15] Kitts believes that Dave should have taken the lead vocals as his voice was more "gritty".[15]

The Kinks version would eventually be released through Pye Records on February 7, 1964 in the UK and later on Cameo Records in the US on April 1, 1964.[19][15][20] The B-side was the Ray Davies original "I Took My Baby Home", which was a "beat-driven rhythm and blues" number.[19] Though Page "aggressively" advertised and promoted "Long Tall Sally" in the media, it would fail to reach the Record Retailer charts.[15] It did, however, reach number 42 for a week in Melody Maker's Pop 30, giving the Kinks their first commercial success.[15][19]

In Disc magazine, Don Nicholl gave the single three out of five stars.[21] He writes that despite the Kinks "dress to fit the title", they play "in the most conventional rock fashion, I'm afraid".[21] He states that he prefers Little Richard's original and calls "I Took My Baby Home" a better song.[21] In Record Mirror, "Long Tall Sally" is described as "pounding stuff" and is considered a very commercial version of the song.[22]

Personnel[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart performance for "Long Tall Sally"
Chart (1964) Peak position
Melody Maker Pop 30[23] 42

The Beatles version[edit]

"Long Tall Sally"
Long tall sally beatles.jpg
Sheet music cover
Song by the Beatles
Released
RecordedMarch 1, 1964
StudioEMI, London
GenreRock and roll
Length2:02
Label
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)George Martin

The Beatles were admirers of Little Richard, and regularly performed his songs during their live act. "Long Tall Sally" was the most durable song in their live repertoire, lasting from their earliest days as the Quarrymen in 1957 through to their last public concert in August 1966. As with the majority of their Little Richard remakes, Paul McCartney sang lead vocals, as he could closely imitate Richard's vocal style.[24]

The group recorded "Long Tall Sally" at EMI Studios in London on March 1, 1964, during sessions for A Hard Day's Night, although it was ultimately not included on that album. The recording was produced by the Beatles' regular producer, George Martin, who also played piano on the track. Given the group's familiarity with the song, the recording was completed in a single take.[24]

In the United Kingdom, "Long Tall Sally" was released on the UK EP of the same name on June 19, 1964; however, it had been released earlier on two overseas albums, The Beatles' Second Album in the United States on April 10, 1964, and The Beatles' Long Tall Sally in Canada on May 11, 1964. Released as a single in Sweden, the song topped the Kvällstoppen Chart in July and August.[25] On March 7, 1988, the song appeared on Past Masters, a compilation album that compiles every song commercially released by the band that was neither included on the 12 UK studio albums nor the US Magical Mystery Tour LP, making it appear for the first time to be included on a core catalogue album.

The song appears in the film Backbeat. Upon viewing it, Paul McCartney was reported to say:

One of my annoyances about the film Backbeat is that they've actually taken my rock 'n' rollness off me. They give John "Long Tall Sally" to sing and he never sang it in his life. But now it's set in cement. ['Paul' sang Long Tall Sally in the Glasgow stage version]. It's like the Buddy Holly and Glenn Miller stories. The Buddy Holly Story does not even mention Norman Petty, and The Glenn Miller Story is a sugarcoated version of his life. Now Backbeat has done the same thing to the story of the Beatles. I was quite taken, however, with Stephen Dorff's astonishing performance as Stu.[26]

Personnel[edit]

Other Beatles recordings and performances[edit]

In addition to their studio recording of the song, the Beatles recorded "Long Tall Sally" for BBC radio broadcasts on seven occasions during 1963 and 1964.[27] Two of these versions have been officially released, on the compilation albums Live at the BBC (1994) and On Air – Live at the BBC Volume 2 (2013). In addition, a studio version prerecorded specially from the 1964 television special Around the Beatles was included on the Anthology 1 compilation (1995). The live album The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl (1977) includes a 1964 concert recording of the song.

"Long Tall Sally" was the last song the Beatles performed live in front of a paying audience. The song was a frequent set closer during their 1966 tour–which would turn out to be their last–and they used it to close out their final show at San Francisco's Candlestick Park on August 29, 1966. The band asked their press officer, Tony Barrow, to make an audio tape recording of the concert for posterity (the recording has since circulated heavily among bootleggers), but the 30-minute tape ran out at the end of the second verse of "Long Tall Sally"—making the last moments of the Beatles' final live show lost to history.[27]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Harris, Keith (May 9, 2020). "Little Richard: 20 Essential Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  2. ^ Boilen, Bob; Onkey, Lauren (May 11, 2020). "Little Richard's Life In 10 Songs". NPR. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Long Tall Sally". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 2, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2007.
  4. ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 16, 2007. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
  5. ^ "Top 100 Songs of 1956 - Billboard Year End Charts". Archived from the original on January 7, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  6. ^ a b Gillett, Charlie (1996). The Sound of the City: The Rise of Rock and Roll (2nd ed.). New York: Da Capo Press. p. 26. ISBN 0-306-80683-5.
  7. ^ White, Charles (2003). The Life and Times of Little Richard. The Authorised Biography. London: Omnibus Press. pp. 60–62. ISBN 0-711997616.
  8. ^ "The Kinks". Blender.com. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2009.
  9. ^ Hinman, Doug (2004). The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 9–20. ISBN 0-87930-765-X.
  10. ^ Hinman, Doug (2004). The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 9. ISBN 0-87930-765-X.
  11. ^ a b Savage, Jon (1984). The Kinks: The Official Biography. Faber and Faber. pp. 15–19. ISBN 0-571-13379-7.
  12. ^ Hinman, Doug (2004). The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 11. ISBN 0-87930-765-X.
  13. ^ Hinman, Doug (2004). The Kinks: All Day and All of the Night. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 20. ISBN 0-87930-765-X.
  14. ^ Kitts, Thomas M. (2008). Ray Davies: Not Like Everybody Else. Routledge. p. 29. ISBN 978-1135867959.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kitts, Thomas M. (2008). Ray Davies: Not Like Everybody Else. Routledge. p. 36. ISBN 978-1135867959.
  16. ^ a b c Leigh, Spencer (2017). Elvis Presley: Caught in a Trap. McNidder & Grace. ISBN 0857161660.
  17. ^ a b c Jovanovic, Rob (2013). God Save The Kinks: A Biography. Aurum. ISBN 9781781311370.
  18. ^ Perone, James E. (2009). Mods, Rockers, and the Music of the British Invasion. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-275-99860-8.
  19. ^ a b c d Fleiner, Carey (2017). The Kinks: A Thoroughly English Phenomenon. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 51. ISBN 9781442235427.
  20. ^ Martoccio, Angie (May 11, 2020). "Flashback: The Kinks Debut With a Cover of Little Richard's 'Long Tall Sally'". Rolling Stone (in American English). Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  21. ^ a b c Nicholl, Don. "Don Nicholl Looks At The Latest Singles" (PDF). Disc (February 8, 1964): 9.
  22. ^ "Loads Of New Smash Hits" (PDF). Record Mirror (February 15, 1964): 13.
  23. ^ "Melody Maker National Chart" (PDF). Melody Maker (February 15, 1964): 6.
  24. ^ a b c MacDonald, Ian (2008). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties (3rd revised ed.). London: Vintage. p. 112. ISBN 9780099526797.
  25. ^ "Swedish Charts 1962–March 1966/Kvällstoppen – Listresultaten vecka för vecka > Juli 1964" (PDF) (in Swedish). hitsallertijden.nl. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  26. ^ "Beatles Musical "Backbeat" Opening In L.A. Before Broadway Run". Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
  27. ^ a b Lewisohn, Mark (1996). The Complete Beatles Chronicle. London: Chancellor Press. pp. 356, 230. ISBN 1851529756.